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BT 101

  • CDLI P522821
  • Collection no.: IM —
  • Excavation no.: BT 101
  • Primary publication(s): BT 101


  • Provenience: Balawat (Imgur-Enlil)
  • Archive: 001 - Mamu Temple, Room 8

Object Details

  • Object type: tablet, envelope
  • Material: clay
  • Script: Neo-Assyrian
  • Sealed/Marked: yes

Text Details

  • Language: Akkadian (Neo-Assyrian)
  • Genre: Legal Transaction
  • Subgenre: debt note (silver)
  • Debtor: Ṣil-Bēl


  • Period: Neo-Assyrian
  • Reign: Sargon II (721–705 BC)
  • Dated: yes
  • Date: 710-XI-15 (Šabāṭu 15th, eponymy of Šamaš-bēlu-uṣur)

BT 101 [debt note (silver)]

o 1o 1

x MA.NA KUG.UD ša *.⸢DAM⸣.[QAR]

(1) n minas of silver (by the mina) of the merchant of Issār of Arbela. Sama' has taken it as a loan from Ṣil-Bēl. He will hand over the silver by the tenth day. If he does not pay, it will increase by fifty percent per shekel.

o 22

ša d15 ša URU.arba-ìl

o 33

msa-ma-a TA* IGI

o 44

mGIŠ.MI-EN ina pu-ḫi i-ti-ši

o 55

a-di 10 UD-me KUG.UD SUM-an

o 66

šúm-ma la SUM-ni a-na

o 77

1/2 GÍN-šú GAL-u

r 1r 1


(r 1) Month Šabāṭu (XI), 25th day. Eponym year of Šamaš-bēlu-uṣur. Witness: Ēreš-ilu. Witness: Qibīt-Aššur. [Witness:] Bēl-dān. [Witness:] Mannu-⸢kī⸣-Issār.

r 22

lim-mu mdUTU-EN-PAB

r 33


r 44

IGI [m]qi-bit-AN.ŠÁR

r 55


r 66

[IGI m]man-nu-⸢ki⸣-15

env o 1env o 1

[NA₄.KIŠIB msa]-ma-a

(env o 1) [Seal of Sa]ma'. [n] minas of silver (by the mina) [of] the merchant of Issār of Arbela. Sama' has taken it as a loan from Ṣil-Bēl. He will hand it over by the tenth day. If he does not pa[y], it will increase [b]y fifty percent per shekel.

env o 22

[x x] 1/2 MA.NA KUG.UD

env o 33

[ša] *⸣.DAM.QAR

blank space of one line
env o 44

ša d15 ša URU.arba-ìl

env o 55

[m]⸢sa⸣-ma-a TA* IGI mGIŠ.MI-EN

env o 66

[ina] pu-ḫi i-ti-ši a-di 10

env o 77

[0] UD SUM-an šúm-ma la SUM-[ni]

env o 88

[a]-na 1/2 GÍN-šú GAL-u

env r 1env r 1

[ITI.ZÍZ] UD⸣-15-KÁM lim-mu

(env r 1) [Month Šabāṭu (XI)], 15th [day]. Eponym year of ⸢Šamaš⸣-bēlu-uṣur. Witness: Ēreš-ilu. Ahu-[], palace sup⸣ervisor. [Witness:] Qibīt-Aššur, goldsmith. [Witness:] ⸢Bēl⸣-dān, chief tailor. [Witness: Mannu-kī-Issār], household overseer. [Witness: ]me.

env r 22


blank space of one line
env r 33

mPAB-⸢x-x-x *.ša⸣-IGI-⸢É?.GAL? x

env r 44

[IGI] mqi⸣-bit-AN.⸢ŠÁR *.⸢SIMUG⸣.KUG.GI

env r 55


env r 66

[IGI mman-nu-ki-15] *.šá-UGU-É-a-ni

env r 77

[IGI mx-x-x]+x-me

Adapted from Barbara Parker, “Tablets from the Temple of Mamu at Balawat,” Iraq 25 (1963): 86–103, by Jamie Novotny and Poppy Tushingham (2021) for the Munich Open-access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative (MOCCI), which is funded by LMU Munich and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation at the Historisches Seminar - Abteilung Alte Geschichte of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. The text was lemmatized by Jamie Novotny. The online edition is released under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license 3.0. Please cite this page as