Names

  • STT 1, 003

Numbers

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Details

  • Neo-Assyrian
  • Huzirina
  • Literary
  • Enuma Eliš 4
  • SB Enuma Eliš tablet IV, obv. = 1-73; rev. = 74-146

Bibliography

  • Talon 2005, IV K
  • Foster 2005, pp. 436-486
  • Hunger 1968, 392
  • Lambert 1994, 583-587
  • Lambert 2008

STT 1, 003 [Enuma Eliš 4]

Obverse
o 1o 1

[... ru]-bu-u₂-ti

[...] of rulership,

o 22

[... ma]-li-ku-ti ir-mu

[...] he (Marduk) took up residence [...] sovereignty.

o 33

[...] DINGIR.DINGIR GAL.GAL

(The gods said to Marduk:) '[...] the great gods,

o 44

[...] si₃-qar-ka da-nu-um

'[...], your speech is Anu.

o 55

[...] i-na DINGIR.DINGIR GAL.GAL

'[...] among the great gods,

o 66

[...] ša-na-an si₃-qar-ka da-nu-um

'[...] is [...] rivalled, your speech is Anu.

o 77

[...] la in-nen-na-a qi₂-bit-ka

'[...] your command may not be changed,

o 88

[šu--qu]-u₂ u₃ šu-[-pu]-lu ši-i lu-[u₂] ŠU-ka

'raising high and bringing low, may that be your power.

o 99

[x x ki]-na-at ṣi-[it pi-i]-ka la ša₂-na-an si₃-qar-ka

'[...] the utterance of your mouth be steadfast, may your speech be unrivalled,

o 1010

[x x x] i!(A-)na DINGIR.DINGIR i-[tuk-ka] la it-ti-iq

'[...] among the gods may cross your boundary.

o 1111

[za-na-nu]-ti it-pul? pa?-[rak? (...)] DINGIR.DINGIR-ma

'Provisioning ... the sanctuary of the gods,

o 1212

[x x] sa-gi-šu-nu lu-[u₂ x x] aš₂-ruk-ka

'[...] their cellas are, may your place [...].

o 1313

dAMAR.UTU at-ta-ma mu-ter-[ru gi]-mil-li-ni

'O Marduk, you are our avenger,

o 1414

i nid-din-ka šar-ru-ti [x x ka]-lu gim-re-e-ti

'may we give you kingship over [...] all totality.

o 1515

ti-šab-ma i-na UKKIN lu-u₂ [ša₂-qa]-at a-mat-ka

'Sit down in the assembly, may your word be elevated,

o 1616

gišTUKUL-MEŠ-ka a-a ip-pal-ṭu-u₂ li-ra-i-su na-ki-ri-ka

'May your weapons not miss, may they crush your enemies.

o 1717

be-[lu₄ ...] na-piš-ta-šu gi-mil-ma

'O lord, as for [...], spare his life,

o 1818

u₃ DINGIR [...] tu?-bu-uk nap-šat-su-un

and as for the gods [...], pour out their life!'

o 1919

-zi-[zu-ma] i-na bi-ri-šu₂-nu lu-ma-ša₂ -[ten]

They set up a single constellation between them,

o 2020

an dAMAR.[UTU] bu-uk-ri-šu-nu šu-nu iz-zak-[ru]

they said to Marduk, their son:

o 2121

ši-mat-ka be-lu₄ lu-u₂ maḫ-rat DINGIR.DINGIR-ma

'May your destiny, o lord, be equal to the gods,

o 2222

a-ba-[tu₄] u₃ ba-nu-u₂ qi₂-bu lik-tu-na

'command destruction or creation, so that it can be realised.

o 2323

ip-[šu₂ ...] li-ʾa-a-bit lu-ma-šu

'At the opening of [...], may the constellation be destroyed,

o 2424

tu-[ur] qi₂-bi-šum-ma lu-ma-a-šum liš-lim

'command it again, so that the constellation can become intact.'

o 2525

iq-bi-ma i-na pi-i-šu ia-a-bit lu-ma-a-šum

He commanded and at his utterance the constellation was destroyed,

o 2626

i-tur iq-bi-šum-ma lu-ma-a-šum it-tab-ni

He commanded it again and the constellation was created.

o 2727

ki-ma ṣi-it pi-i-šu i-mu-ru DINGIR.DINGIR AD.AD-šu

When the gods his fathers saw (the effect of) the utterance of his mouth,

o 2828

iḫ-du-u₂ ik-ru-bu dAMAR.UTU-ma LUGAL

they became joyful, they hailed: 'Marduk is king'.

o 2929

uṣ-ṣi-bu-šu gišGIDRU gišGU.ZA u₃ BALa

They added for him a sceptre, throne, and palû-symbol of kingship,

o 3030

*(U) id-di-nu-šu ka-ak la!(MA) maḫ-<ra> da-a-a-i-pu za-a-a-ri1

they gave him a weapon that cannot be faced, one that repels enemies, (saying):

o 3131

a-lik-ma ša₂ ta-a₃-wa-ti nap-ša₂-tuš pu-ru--ma

'Go and slit the throat of Tiamat,

o 3232

TU₁₅-MEŠ da-mi-ša₂ a-na bu-su₂-ra-ti lu-bil-lu-ni

'may the winds bring her blood for news.'

o 3333

i-ši-mu-ma ša₂ be-li₂ ši-ma-tuš DINGIR.DINGIR AD.AD-šu

The gods his fathers determined the destiny of the lord,

o 3434

u₂-ru-uḫ šul-mi u teš₂-me-e u₂-ša₂-aṣ-bi-tu-šu₂ ḫar-ra-na

they set him off on the way of well-being and obedience.

o 3535

ib-šim gišPAN gišTUKUL-šu u₂-ad-di?-šu₂?

He fashioned the bow, he appointed it his weapon,

o 3636

mul-mul-lu!(ŠU) -tar-ki-ba u₂-kin-ši mat-nu

he nocked the arrow, he fixed the bowstring for it.

o 3737

-ši gišmiṭ-ṭa im-na-šu u₂-ša₂-ḫi-iz

He raised the miṭṭu-weapon, he made his right hand grasp it,

o 3838

gišPAN u₃ kuš-pa-te i-du--šu i-lul

he hung the bow and the quiver at his side.

o 3939

-kun NIM.GIR₂ i-na pa-ni-šu

He put lightning in front of him,

o 4040

nab-li mu--taḫ-me-ṭu₃ zu-mur-šu um-ta-li

he filled his body with blazing flame.

o 4141

[i]-pu--ma sa-pa-ra šul-mu-u₂ qer-biš ti-[amat]

He made a net to encircle the innards of Tiamat,

o 4242

[er]-bet-ti TU₁₅-MEŠ -te-eṣ-bi-ta la a-ṣe-e mim-[mi-ša₂]

he mustered the four winds so that none of her might escape.

o 4343

tu₁₅U₁₈.LU tu₁₅SI.SA₂ tu₁₅KUR.RA tu₁₅MAR.TU

South wind, north wind, east wind, west wind,

o 4444

[i-du]- sa-pa-ri -taq-ri-ba qi₂-[-ti] AD?-šu da-nu-um

the gift of his father Anu, at his side, he put near the net.

o 4545

[x x] IM.ḪUL TU₁₅ lem-na me-ḫa-a [a]-šam-šu-tu₂

[...] the destructive wind, the evil wind, the storm wind, the dust storm,

o 4646

[x 4()]-BA TU₁₅ 7-BI IM.SUḪ₃ [tu₁₅SA₂].A.NU.SA₂.A

the 4 [...], the 7 winds, the whirlwind, the irresistible wind.

o 4747

[u₂-še]-ṣa-am-ma TU₁₅-MEŠ ša₂ [ib]-nu-u₂ se-bet-ti-šu₂-nu

He sent out the winds that he had created, the seven of them,

o 4848

[qer]-biš ti-amat šu-ud-lu-ḫu te-bu-u EGIR-šu₂

to disturb the innards of Tiamat, they had arisen behind him.

o 4949

[-ši]-ma be-lu₄ a-bu-ba gišTUKUL-šu GALa

The lord raised the flood, his great weapon,

o 5050

[x x] u₄-mu la maḫ-ḫi-rat ga-lit-ta ir-kab

he rode [...] of the storm, that cannot be faced, terrible.

o 5151

[iṣ-mid]-sim-ma er-be₂-ta na-aṣ-ma-du i-du--ša₂ i-lul

He hitched to it the team of four, he harnessed them at its side:

o 5252

šag-gi-šu la pa-du-u ra-ḫi-ṣu mu-up-par-ši

'Murderer', 'Merciless One', ' Destroyer', 'Flyer'.

o 5353

pa-tu-nu šap-ti šin-na-šu-nu na-ša₂-a im-ta

Their lips were open, their teeth bore poison,

o 5454

a-na-ḫa la i-du-u₂ sa-pa-na lam-du!(NA)

they did not know getting tired, they knew overwhelming.

o 5555

-ziz im-nu--šu ta-ḫa-za ra-aš₂-ba u tu-qu-un-tu₂

He set up on his right terrifying battle and combat,

o 5656

šu-me-la a-na-an-ta da-a-a-i-pat ka-la mut-te-ten₂-di

on the left war that repels all allies.

o 5757

na-aḫ-lap-ta ap-luḫ!(KID-)ti pul-ḫa-ta ḫa-lip-ma

He was clad in a garment of a battle-array of terrors,

o 5858

me₂-lam-mi ra-šub-ba-ti a-pi-ir ra-šu--šu

he was wearing on his head an aura of terrifying appearance.

o 5959

-te-šir-ma be-lu₄ ur-ḫa-šu u₂!(I-)šar-di-šu

The lord started out, he advanced on his way,

o 6060

*(U) aš₂-riš ti-amat ša₂ ug-gu-gat pa-nu--šu -kun2

he set his face towards Tiamat who was furious.

o 6161

i-na šap-ti-šu ta-a u₂-kal-la

He was holding an incantation on his lips,

o 6262

šam-mi im-ta bul-li-i ta-mi₃-iḫ rit-tuš-šu

while gripping in his hand a plant, an antidote to poison.

o 6363

i-na u₄-mi-šu i-dul-lu-šu DINGIR.DINGIR i-dul-lu-šu

At that time the gods were running round him, they were running round him,

o 6464

DINGIR.DINGIR AD.AD-šu i-dul-lu-šu DINGIR.DINGIR i-dul-lu-šu

the gods his fathers were running round him, the gods were running round him.

o 6565

iṭ-ḫe-ma be-lu₄ qab-lu-šu ta-a₃-wa-ti i-bar-ri

The lord approached, to look at the battle of Tiamat,

o 6666

ša₂ dqin-gu ḫa-ʾi-ri-ša₂ i-še-ʾa-a šib-qi₂-šu

to look for the plan of Qingu her consort.

o 6767

i-na-aṭ-ṭa-lam-ma e-ši ma-lak-šu

As he looked, his advance was confused,

o 6868

sa-pi-iḫ ṭe₃-ma-šu-ma sa-ḫa-ti ep-šet-su

his reason was scattered, his actions were disordered.

o 6969

u₃ DINGIR.DINGIR re-ṣu-šu a-li-ku i-di-šu

And the gods his helpers, the ones who went at his side,

o 7070

*(U) i-mu-ru-ma qar-da a-[ša₂]-re-du ni-ṭi-li-šu-un i-ši3

saw the foremost hero, he confused their sight.

o 7171

id-di ta-[a-ša₂ ...] u₂-ta-ri ki-šad-sa

[...] she cast her incantation, while [...] turning her neck,

o 7272

[i]-na šap-[ti-ša₂ lul]-la-a u₂-kal sar-ra-a-ti

while holding on her lips falsehood, lies:

o 7373

[x] x TA x [x x be]-li₂ DINGIR.DINGIR te-bu-šu

'[...] ... [...] the lord, the gods are risen up against him,

Reverse
r 1r 1

[aš₂-ru]--šu₂-[un ...] aš₂-ru--šu

'in their place [...] in his place?'

r 22

[-ši]-ma be-lu₄ [...] gišTUKUL-šu GALa

The lord raised [...] his great weapon,

r 33

[a]-na ti-amat ša₂ ik-[mi-lu] ki-a-am -pur

to Tiamat who became angry thus he sent word:

r 44

mi-na-a tub-ba-a-ti [e]-liš na-ša₂-ti-ma

'Why are you haughty (and) lifted up on high,

r 55

u₃ ka-pid lib₃-ba-ki-ma de-ke a-na-an-ta

'and (why) is your heart plotting raising war?

r 66

is-su-u₂ DUMU-MEŠ AD.AD-šu-nu i-da-aṣ-ṣu

'The sons shouted, treating their fathers with disrespect,

r 77

*(U) u₃ at-ti a-lit-ta-šu₂-nu ta-zer re-e-ma4

'but you, their parent, spurned compassion.

r 88

tab-be₂-ma dqin-gu a-na ḫa-ʾi-ru-ti-ki

'You nominated Qingu to your consortship,

r 99

a-na la si-ma-ti-šu taš-ku-ni- a-na pa-<ra>-aṣ e-nu-ti

'inappropriately for him, you appointed him to the office of lordship.

r 1010

a-na AN.ŠAR₂ LUGAL DINGIR.DINGIR lem-ne₂-e-ti te--e-ma

'Against Anšar king of the gods you sought evil deeds,

r 1111

u₃ a-na DINGIR.DINGIR AD.AD-šu le-mut-ta-ki tuk-tin-ni

'and against the gods his fathers you established your evil.

r 1212

lu-u₂ ṣa-an-da-at um-mat-ku lu-u₂ rit-ku-su šu-nu gišTUKUL-MEŠ-ki

'May your main force be equipped, may those your weapons be attached,

r 1313

en-di-im-ma a-na-ku u₃ ka-a-ši i ni-pu- ša₂-aš₂-ma

'Make contact, so that you and I can have a single combat.'

r 1414

ti-amat an-ni-ta i-na še-me₂-ša

When Tiamat heard this,

r 1515

maḫ-ḫu-tiš₂ i-te-mi u₂-ša-an-ni ṭe₃-en-ša

she became like a female ecstatic, she deranged her reason.

r 1616

is-si-ma ti-amat šit-mu-riš e-li-šu

Tiamat shouted wildly against him,

r 1717

*(U) šur-šiš ma-al-ma-liš it-ru-ra -da-šu5

to the roots as one her foundations shook.

r 1818

i-man-ni šip-ta it-ta-nam-di ta-a-šu

She was reciting the spell, she was keeping on casting her incantation,

r 1919

u₃ DINGIR.DINGIR ša₂ ME₃ u₂-ša₂-ʾa-lu šu-nu gišTUKUL-MEŠ-šu₂-un

and the gods of battle were sharpening those their weapons.

r 2020

in-nen-du-ma ti-amat u₃ ABGAL DINGIR.DINGIR dAMAR.UTU

Tiamat and the sage of the gods, Marduk, came together,

r 2121

ša₂-aš₂-miš₂ et-lu-pu qit-ru-bu ta-ḫa-zi-

they were interlocked in combat, they were at close quarters in battle.

r 2222

-pa-ri-ir-ma be-lu₄ sa-pa-ra-šu u₂-šal-mi₃-ši

The lord spread out his net (and) encircled her,

r 2323

im-ḫul-la ṣa-bit ar-ka-ti pa-nu--ša₂ um-taš-šir₃

he released in her face the destructive wind, the one occupying the rear.

r 2424

ip-te-ma pi-i-ša ti-amat a-na la--a-ti-ša

Tiamat opened her mouth to swallow,

r 2525

im-ḫul-la -te-ri-ba a-na la ka-<ta>-mu šap-ti-šu

he made the destructive wind go in so that she could not close her lips.

r 2626

ez-zu-tu₄ TU₁₅-MEŠ kar-ša-ša i-ṣa-nu-ma6

The violent winds bloated her stomach,

r 2727

*(U) in-ne₂-ṣil lib₃-ba-ša-ma pa-a-ša -pal-ki7

her insides were paralysed, she opened her mouth wide.

r 2828

is-suk mul-mul-[la iḫ]-te-pa ka-ras-su

He shot an arrow, he broke open her stomach,

r 2929

qer-bi-ša₂ u₂-bat-ti-[qa] u₂-ša₂-lit lib₃-ba

he cut through her innards, he split (her) insides.

r 3030

ik-mi-ši-ma nap-ša₂-[tuš] u₂-bal-li

He defeated her and extinguished her life,

r 3131

ša₂-lam-taš id-da-a UGU!(x-)[ša₂] iz-za-zi

he threw down her corpse, he stood on it.

r 3232

ul-tu ti-amat a-lik pa-[ni] i-na-ru

After he had killed Tiamat the leader,

r 3333

ki-iṣ-ri-ša₂ up-tar-ri-ra [...] is-sap-ḫa

he dispersed her troops, he scattered [...].

r 3434

u₃ DINGIR.DINGIR [re]-ṣu-ša₂ a-li-[ku i]-di-ša₂

And the gods, her helpers, the ones who went at her side,

r 3535

it-tar-ru [ip]-la-ḫu u₂-saḫ-[ḫi-ru al]-kat₃-su-un

began to tremble, they became afraid, they turned their course.

r 3636

u₂-[še]-ṣu-ma nap-ša₂-tuš e-ṭe-ra

They escaped, so that they could save their lives,8

r 3737

[...] x x na-pa-ar?-šu?-[diš x] le-ʾa-a

[...] ..., so that they could [...] flee.

r 3838

[i-sir₂-šu₂]-nu-ti-ma gišTUKUL-MEŠ-šu-nu u₂-šab-bir

He confined them, he smashed their weapons,

r 3939

[sa-pa]-riš na-du-ma ka-ma-riš -bu

Thrown into the net, they sat down in the hunting trap.

r 4040

[x x] tub₂-qa-ti ma-lu-u₂ du-ma-mi

[...] the corners, they were full of moaning,

r 4141

[še-ret]-sa na-šu-u₂ ka-lu-u₂ ki-šuk-kiš

they were bearing her punishment, they were held in captivity.

r 4242

[x ]-ten₂--ret nab-nit-sa šu-ut pul-ḫa-ti za-ʾi-nu

[...] her eleven creatures, who were adorned with terrors,

r 4343

[... gal]-le-e a-li-ku KIR₄.DAB im-ni-ša₂

[...] demons, the ones who went as grooms on her right,

r 4444

[...] ṣer-re-e-ti i-di-šu-nu u₂-ka-as-si

[...] nose-ropes, he bound their arms,

r 4545

[x x tuq]-ma-ti-šu-[nu] ša₂-pal-šu ik-bu-us

[...] their battle he trampled beneath him.

r 4646

[x dqin]-gu ša₂ ir-tab-bu-u i-na bi-[ri-šu₂]-un

[...] Qingu, who had kept becoming greater among them,

r 4747

[ik-mi-šu]-ma it-ti dUG₅.GA-MEŠ šu-[a-ta im]-ni-šu

he (Marduk) defeated him and counted him with the Dead Gods.

r 4848

[i-kim-šu]-ma [x] NAM-MEŠ la si-ma-ti-šu

He took away from him [...] of destinies inappropriately his,

r 4949

[...] ik-nu-kam₂-ma ir-[tuš] it-muḫ

he sealed [...] and attached (it) on his chest.

r 5050

[...] ik-mu-u₂ i-sa-du

[...] he had defeated (and) smote [...],

r 5151

[...] u₂-ša₂-pu-u šu-[ri]-šam

he had silenced [...] ...,

r 5252

[...] UGU na-ki-ri ka-liš []-zi-iz-za

he had established totally [...] over the enemies,

r 5353

[... dNU].DIM₂.MUD ik-šu-du [... qar]-du

[...] the hero had achieved [...] of Nudimmud,

r 5454

[...] ka-mu-ti ṣi-[bit-ta-šu ...]

[...] his captivity [...] bound [...],

r 5555

[... ta]-a₃-wa-ti ša₂ ik-[mu-u₂ ...]

[...] Tiamat whom he had defeated.

r 5656

[...] be-lu₄ ša₂ ti-[amat ...]

The lord [...] Tiamat's [...],

r 5757

[...] la pa-di-i u₂-[lat]-ti muḫ-ḫa

[...] merciless [...] he shattered the skull.

r 5858

[u₂-par-ri-]-ma -lat da-mi-ša₂

He slit the veins of her blood,

r 5959

[... tu₁₅SI].SA₂ a-na bu-su₂-ra-[ti] -ta-bil

he made [...] the north wind carry (it) for news.

r 6060

[... AD].AD-šu iḫ-du-u i-ri-šu

His fathers [...], they became joyful, they rejoiced,

r 6161

[...] šul-ma-ni u₂-ša₂-bi-lu šu-nu ana ša₂-a-šu

they had delivered [...], a greeting-gift, they to him.

r 6262

[i-nu-uḫ₂]-ma be-lu₄ ša₂-lam-taš i-bar-ri

The lord rested, looking at her corpse,

r 6363

[...] u₂-za-ʾa-a-za i-ban-na-a nik-la₂-a-ti

intending to divide [...] to create artful things.

r 6464

[iḫ-pi-ši]-ma ki-ma nu-un maš-ṭe-e a-na ši-ni-šu

Like a dried fish he broke her open into her two parts,

r 6565

[mi--lu]--ša₂ -ku-nam-ma ša₂-ma-mi uṣ-ṣal-lil

He set up half of her and made the sky into a roof.

r 6666

[-du]-ud maš-ka ma-aṣ-ṣa-ra u₂-ša₂-aṣ-bit

He stretched the skin, he posted a guard,

r 6767

[...] la šu-ṣa-a šu-nu-tu₂ um-ta-ʾi-ir

he ordered them not to let [...] escape.

r 6868

[x x i-bi]-ri aš₂-ra-ta i-ḫi-ṭam-ma

He crossed [...], he examined the firmament,

r 6969

[...] mi-iḫ-ret ap-si-i šu-bat dNU.DIM₂.MUD

[...] equal to the Apsu, dwelling of Nudimmud.

r 7070

[...] be-lu₄ ša₂ ap-si-i bi-nu-tuš-šu

The lord [...] the form of the Apsu,

r 7171

[... tam]-ši-la-šu u₂-kin E₂.ŠAR₂.RA

he established Ešara as the likeness of [...].

r 7272

[...] E₂.ŠAR₂.RA ša₂ ib-nu-u [ša₂]-ma-mi

[...] Ešara that he created, the sky,

r 7373

[...] de₂-a ma-ḫa-za-šu-un []-ram-ma

he made [...] Ea occupy their shrines.


Bottom
(catchline)
b.e. 7474

[...] man-za-za an DINGIR.DINGIR <<DINGIR>> GAL.GAL

[...] positions for the great gods.

(colophon)
b.e. 7575

[... mdNA₃]ŠEŠ-MEŠšal-lim

[...] Nabû-ahhe-šallim

b.e. 7676

[...] lu₂GI!(MAŠ₂)BUR₃

[...] scribe.

1numeral 10 at start of line marks count of 10 lines

2numeral 10 at start of line marks count of 10 lines

3numeral 10 at start of line marks count of 10 lines

4numeral 10 at start of line marks count of 10 lines

5numeral 10 at start of line marks count of 10 lines

6probable erasure between ṣa and nu

7numeral 10 at start of line marks count of 10 lines

8 literally 'he could save his life'


Created by Frances Reynolds for the AHRC-funded GKAB Project, 2008 and released under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license 3.0. Please cite this page as http://oracc.org/cams/gkab/P338319