ATF Quick Reference

A quick reference sheet for the ATF format.

Structure Conventions

See the Structure Tutorial for more details.

& Text/catalogue number designator
@<type> @composite (for composite texts)
@<object> Object = @tablet, @envelope, @prism, @object <object-type>
@<surface> Surface = @obverse, @reverse, @surface, @edge, @left, @right, @top, @bottom, @face [a..z]
@seal <n> for transliteration of seal impressions on objects; n=number
@column column
<number>. line of text
<number>.<subcases>. line of text with subdivision into cases
$ <qualification> <extent> <scope> <state> non-text, such as breakage, blank lines, etc.
qualification = at least, at most, about
number = NUMBER, RANGE, n, several, some, start of, beginning of, middle of, end of, rest of
scope = OBJECT, SURFACE, case(s), column(s), line(s), surface
state = blank, broken, damaged, effaced, illegible, missing, traces
$ <multiple> ruling horizontal ruling(s) in the text
multiple = single, double, triple
$ (image N = <text>) location of inline image, such as a seal impression or a diagram
# comment line
=: multiplexing comment line giving original order of interpreted/reordered signs in preceding line of transliteration.
<whitespace> continues previous line (modern convenience, not ancient line break)

Inline ASCII Conventions

See the ATF Inline Tutorial for more details.

[A-ZṢŠṬ][a-zṣšṭ][₀-₉] grapheme name
<hyphen> joiner for graphemes of single word
<space> word separator
! flags correction of sign
? flags uncertainty of identification or reading
* flags collation
# flags damage to sign
[...] encloses material broken away from object
[(...)] encloses material perhaps broken away from object
value(SIGN) explanatory name or variant form after value
value!(SIGN) actual signs on object given after corrected version
<...> accidental omission supplied by editor
<(...)> intentional omission supplied by editor
MIN<(...)> surrogate text supplied by editor
<<...>> material removed by editor
{...} determinative delimiters (written in normal script)
{{...}} gloss delimiters
$ following sign is not a logogram
x unclear sign
X clear sign not yet identified
|...| compound grapheme delimiters
[.x%&+()] compound grapheme operators (see QR.3 below)
[āēīū], [âêîû] long vowels in normalized Akkadian
%[sahrux] language shift
%e,%u,%g,%n register/writing system shift

Compound Grapheme Conventions

See the ATF Inline Tutorial for full documentation of these conventions.

. juxtaposed signs, e.g., DU.DU
× following sign(s) written over/within preceding sign, e.g., GA₂×AN
& signs are written one above the other, e.g., DU&DU
as opposed to standard DU
+ signs are ligatured, e.g., |LAGAB+LAGAB|(nigin)
(...) grouping of signs, e.g., GA₂×(ME.EN)
@g gunu, e.g., DU@g
as opposed to standard DU
@t tenu, e.g., GAN@t
@v variant, e.g., 4(ban)@v
as opposed to the standard 4(ban)
18 Dec 2019 osc at oracc dot org

Steve Tinney & Eleanor Robson

Steve Tinney & Eleanor Robson, 'ATF Quick Reference', Oracc: The Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus, Oracc, 2019 []

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