Akkadian OB Guidelines
This document sets out Oracc's recommendations for
OB Akkadian; it assumes a knowledge of the Akkadian Stylesheet.
- Always use the Conventional-Akkadian citation form (CACF) as the
CF in lemmatizing and in the glossary entries; CACFs are always
- Preserve the actual mimation attested in the written instance in
the normalization of the instance:
- Normalize the morphology according to standard paradigms rather
than the instance spelling, e.g., orthographically non-geminated
radicals such as
i-le-qe₂ are geminated in normalization:
- When normalizing logograms consistently use the mimated forms, unless there are good reasons not to (e.g., consistently non-mimated syllabic spellings of the same form in the same text).
Dates are problematic because so much of the date may look like
Sumerian, and it is often unclear whether the date was really read in
Sumerian or Akkadian.
As is normal in corpus-building, Oracc adopts a policy of
consistent strategies which are not intended to prejudice debate.
- Month names are taken as Akkadian when written in logograms. The
CF (i.e., the CACF) conforms to the Concise Dictionary of Akkadian,
and the OB CF is mimated according to the rules above. Logograms are
normalized in the nominative case.
- In day notations,
U₄ and the numbers are separate
U₄ is normalized in the absolute,
- Year names which look like Sumerian are language-tagged as
Sumerian; if a year name has one or two Akkadian words, it is still
simpler to treat it as Sumerian and treat the Akkadian words as loans
(the alternative is to try to normalize the entire name in Akkadian,
which is often difficult if not impossible).
23 Jul 2014
Eleanor Robson & Steve Tinney
Eleanor Robson & Steve Tinney, 'Akkadian OB Guidelines', Oracc: The Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus, Oracc, 2014 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/doc/help/languages/akkadian/obakkadian/]