ELX: Oracc Linguistic Annotation for Elamite

This document provides an overview of language-specific annotation conventions for Elamite used in Oracc.

Divided Signs

A very few signs may be split in the middle; these are annotated using the ATF @d ("divided") notation as follows:

ANŠE_ansze@d_
NUMUN_numun@d_
GEŠTIN_gesztin@d_

Split Words

A new notation has been added to ATF to support splitting words over lines. We call the first part of the split word the head, and the following parts the continuations; a split word may be written over several lines, and thus may have multiple continuations.

A split word head always ends with the character sequence -; (hyphen semi-colon), even if the split occurs before a determinative. A split word continuation always begins with a hyphen, even if the split occurs before a determinative. A split word continuation which is not the final element in the chain always ends with -;.

1. a-;
2. -ba-;
3. -am3

Any structural labels are permitted between the lines containing split words.

Number Notations

In general Elamite numbers are notated in the CDLI style as 1(u) 1(disz), etc.

Several unusual signs are used for certain numbers, and these are annotated using the ATF @v ("variant") notation; in this case, the variation is relative to the normal Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform practice rather than implying variation within Elamite practice.

Elamite numbers and CDLI transliterations
elx-1third
1/3(disz)@v1/3
elx-1half
1/2(disz)1/2
elx-2thirds
2/3(disz)@v2/3
elx-1disz
1(disz)1
elx-2disz
2(disz)2
elx-3disz
3(disz)3
elx-4disz
4(disz)@v4
elx-5disz
5(disz)5
elx-6disz
6(disz)6
elx-7disz
7(disz)7
elx-8disz
8(disz)8
elx-9disz
9(disz)@v9
elx-1u
1(u)10
elx-2u
2(u)20
elx-3u
3(u)30
elx-4u
4(u)@v40
elx-5u
5(u)@v50
elx-1shu
1(szu)60
elx-1gesz1u
1(gesz2) 1(u)70
elx-1gesz2u
1(gesz2) 2(u)80
elx-1gesz3u
1(gesz2) 3(u)90
elx-1disz1me
1(disz) _me_100
elx-1disz1lim
1(disz) _lim_1000
elx-1disz1pi
1(disz) _pi_10000

Sign Values with sub-zero

In the last column are values in Borger ABZ; I have not yet checked Borger MZL to see if the not-in-list (nil) values are there.

  dam0   = EL               (nil)
  mak0   = KUR              (nil)
  maz0   = MASZ2            maz2
  muk0   = SAL              muk3
  muz0   = MUSZ             (nil)
  rak0   = |SAL+BAR|        (nil)
  ram0   = EL               (nil)
  szab0  = "SZAB6"          szab6
  szap0  = "SZAB6"          szap6
  szib0  = ESZ              (nil)
  szip0  = ESZ              (nil)
  zik0   = ZAK              (nil)
  zil0   = TAR              zil3
  zir0   = SZUD             zir4
23 Jul 2014 osc at oracc dot org

Steve Tinney

Steve Tinney, 'ELX: Oracc Linguistic Annotation for Elamite', Oracc: The Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus, Oracc, 2014 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/doc/help/languages/elamite/]

 
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http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/doc/help/languages/elamite/