ePSD2 Articles

ePSD2 articles contain the following elements:

The Summary appears at the top of the article and is also used for the results of glossary searches.
Bases are given both in cuneiform and as a distributional table--click on the numbers to see the occurrences of a specific base. You may need to download a cuneiform font in order to see the cuneiform in the bases section. [/doc/help/visitingoracc/fonts/index.html]
Unlike other Oracc glossaries, the word forms are not included inline in the dictionary articles but are available as a separate table, reached via a link immediately after the bases. The forms table can be sorted on the various fields and provides links to the occurrences of the forms.
ePSD2 uses periodizations which are aligned partly with preserved phases of Sumerian and partly with the historical sequences of Mesopotamia. The following table is indicative of the date ranges of documents assigned to the periods for the purposes of ePSD2, and is not intended as an attempt to define the chronology of the periods.
AbbreviationPeriodDate range for corpus division
PCProto-Cuneiformpre-3000 BCE
ED I-IIEarly Dynastic I-II3000-2800 BCE
ED IIIaEarly Dynastic IIIa2800-2600 BCE
ED IIIbEarly Dynastic IIIb2600-2300 BCE
OAkkOld Akkadian2300-2200 BCE
Lag IILagash II2200-2100 BCE
Ur IIIUr III2100-2000 BCE
OBOld Babylonian2000-1600 BCE
Post-OBPost Old Babylonian1600 BCE to 1st Century CE
Verbal Prefixes
For verbs, the attested prefix chains are presented in this section; the form of the prefix strings is that of the ePSD2 morphology abbreviations rather than the written forms.
The various senses of the words.
Pronunciation Data
Continuations, pronuncation glosses in bases, and information from lexical sign lists are gathered together in this section.
Lexical Data
The lexical entries in which the word occurs are collected here.
Equivalents in other languages, primarily Akkadian.
Selected bibliography is given here.
The tailsheet of the articles contains the permanent ID for the word, a suggested citation URL, and the version/build-date for the article.
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CC BY-SA The Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary Project, 2017-