hulu [BAD] (V/i)

23907 instances

hulu [BAD] V/i (23907x) Early Dynastic IIIa, Early Dynastic IIIb, Ebla, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian, Middle Assyrian, Middle Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, Persian, Hellenistic, Uncertain, unknown wr. ḫul; ḫul-ḫul; ḫul-lu; ḫul₃; eḫ-la; ḫu; ḫu-ul; eḫ-le-e; eḫ-lu; ḫu-la; ḫu-un; ḫul-ḫul-ḫul; ḫulul-ḫu; ḫul₂-ḫul₂; ḫuḫul; eḫ-le; ḫul-ḫu "(to be) bad, evil; to make bad, evil, to corrupt; (to be) slight, lightweight; (to be) false; (to be) criminal, dishonest; enemy; (to be) bad-smelling, maloderous; (to be) narrow, difficult; to destroy; to raid; to strike the eyes; blinker, winker, one with vision problems; to be spoiled, rotten"

[1] 𒅆𒌨 ḫul
[2] 𒅆𒌨𒅆𒌨 ḫul-ḫul
[3] 𒅆𒌨𒇻 ḫul-lu
[4] 𒄒 ḫul₃
[5] 𒄴𒆷 eḫ-la
[6] 𒄷 ḫu
[7] 𒄷𒌌 ḫu-ul
[8] 𒄴𒇷𒂊 eḫ-le-e
[9] 𒄴𒇻 eḫ-lu
[10] 𒄷𒆷 ḫu-la
[11] 𒄷𒌦 ḫu-un
[12] 𒅆𒌨𒅆𒌨𒅆𒌨 ḫul-ḫul-ḫul
[13] 𒅆𒌨𒌌𒄷 ḫulul-ḫu
[14] 𒄾𒄾 ḫul₂-ḫul₂
[15] 𒄷𒅆𒌨 ḫu ḫul
[16] 𒄴𒇷 eḫ-le
[17] 𒅆𒌨𒄷 ḫul-ḫu
+ --la=l.a (18x/0%); --la₂=l.a (3x/0%); --le=l.e (1x/0%); --lu=l.u (1x/0%).
PC ED IIIa ED IIIb Ebla OAkk Lag II Ur III OB Post-OB (unknown)
[1] 14 21 4 29 4 22208 759 447 313
[2] 2 3 36 8
[3] 36 1 4
[4] 4
[5] 2
[6] 2
[7] 2
[8] 1
[9] 1
[10] 1
[11] 1
[12] 1
[13] 1
[14] 1
[15] 1
[16]
[17]

180 distinct forms attested; click to view forms table.

Attested in the following periods:

Early Dynastic IIIa (14x/0%)

Early Dynastic IIIb (23x/0%)

Ebla (4x/0%)

Old Akkadian (29x/0%)

Lagash II (4x/0%)

Ur III (22214x/93%)

Old Babylonian (842x/4%)

Middle Assyrian (12x/0%)

Middle Babylonian (222x/1%)

Neo-Assyrian (92x/0%)

Neo-Babylonian (58x/0%)

Persian (7x/0%)

Hellenistic (69x/0%)

Uncertain (281x/1%)

unknown (36x/0%)

Verbal prefixes: V ; V.V.b ; V.b ; V.m ; V.m.da.n ; V.n ; V.na.n ; Vmma.b ; Vmma.e ; al ; ba ; ba.a ; ba.b ; ba.da.n ; ba.i ; ba.i.b ; ba.i.n ; ba.n ; ba.n.da ; ga ; ga.V.b ; ga.ba.a ; ga.n ; ha ; ha.Vmma.n ; inga.ba ; mu ; mu.a.b ; mu.e ; mu.i ; mu.i.n ; mu.n ; mu.na ; mu.na.b ; mu.ni.b ; mu.ni.n ; na.V.m ; na.V.n ; na.Vmma.da ; na.ba ; na.inga ; nu ; nu.V.n ; u.V.n ; x ; x-na.i ; ~ ; ša.V.mu.ra ; ša.V.ra.i.b .

Senses:

1. (to be) bad, evil (23715x/99%)

2. to make bad, evil, to corrupt [V/t] (1x/0%)

3. (to be) slight, lightweight

4. (to be) false

5. (to be) criminal, dishonest

6. enemy [N]

7. (to be) bad-smelling, maloderous

8. (to be) narrow, difficult

9. to destroy [V/t] (103x/0%)

10. to raid [V/t] (88x/0%)

11. to strike the eyes [V/t]

12. blinker, winker, one with vision problems [N]

13. to be spoiled, rotten

Akk. abātu ša īni; bīšu; lapātu ša īni; ṣabru; lemnu; masku; qallu; sarru; zāmânû; pašqu.

Pronunciation Data

Bases with phonetic glosses:

ḫulul-ḫu; ḫuḫul.

Continuation graphemes:

-la=l.a; -la₂=l.a; -le=l.e; -lu=l.u.

Lexical Attestations:

Phrase Data

References for all phrases

hulu[bad]

al-ḫul-ḫul = gu-ul-[lu-ul] (PBS 05, 136 [OBGT XI] iv 10').

ba-ḫul-ḫul = ig-[da-li-il] (PBS 05, 136 [OBGT XI] iv 11').

ḫul (OB Nippur Izi Tab.II, 473; PBS 12, 55 r iv 7; MSL 14, 025 Ht o 4; OB Nippur Ura 4 512; BM 015780a b ii 1; MSL 14, 019 By r ii' 2; MSL 14, 025 Hr r 6'; MSL 14, 025 Hs r ii' 3'; OB Nippur Ea 407; MSL 14, 018 Bb r iii 50).

ḫul = ma-as₂-kum (PBS 05, 136 [OBGT XI] iv 4').

ḫul = pa-ši-x (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 45).

ḫul-a (MSLSSI, 17-27 ii 45).

ḫul-ḫul = gu-ul-[lu-lu-um] (PBS 05, 136 [OBGT XI] iv 12').

ḫul-ḫul = lu-mu-nu-[um] (PBS 05, 136 [OBGT XI] iv 13').

ḫul₃ = [...] (SpTU 1, 121 o 13').

ḫulu = MIN<(a-ba-tu₂)> ša₂ i-[nim?] (CT 19, pl. 48-49, K 00026 o ii 26').

ḫul = bi--šu (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 46).

ḫul = gal-lu-u₂ (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 44).

ḫulu = šul-[pu-tu] (CT 19, pl. 17-19, K 04386+ r i 63).

ḫul = la!(-)pa-tu ša IGI (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 50).

ḫulu = MIN<(la-pa-tu)> ša₂ i-nim? (CT 19, pl. 48-49, K 00026 o ii 28').

ḫul = lem-nu (CUSAS 12, 1.2.1 r ii 36'; MSL 03, 094 ST r ii frg.b 6'; MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 39).

ḫul = le-em-nu-um (Moussaieff OB Aa o iii 11).

ḫul₃ = lem-nu (Ea 04 208; AJSL 33, 170-171 r i 41).

ḫul = ma-aš₂-[ku] (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 40).

ḫulu = nu-qa-ru (Rm 0606+ o ii 22').

ḫul = qal-lum (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 43).

ḫulu = qu-ul-lu-lu (CT 19, pl. 17-19, K 04386+ o ii 23').

ḫulu-mu-un-ši-ib₂ = u₂-qal-li-la-an-ni (CT 19, pl. 17-19, K 04386+ o ii 24').

ḫul = sa-ar-ru (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 48).

ḫul = zi-i-ru (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 41).

ḫul = šul-pu-tu (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 49).

ḫul = ṣa-ab-ru (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 42).

hulu[bad] ak[do]

ḫul-a ak = za-wi-a-nu-um (PBS 05, 140 [OBGT XII] 7).

hulu[bad] dub[tremble]

ḫul dub₂ = ra-bi-ṣum (PBS 05, 136 [OBGT XI] iv 8').

ḫul dub₂ = za-ma-nu (TCL 06, 35 o ii 15).

hulu[bad] tum[bring]

ḫul tum₂ = le-em-nu-um (PBS 05, 136 [OBGT XI] iv 7').

hulu[bad] x

[...]-ḫul-le [x] = i-ze₂-er-ra-am (TIM 09, 087 o i 1).

x hulu[bad]

[...] ḫul? = [...] (AOAT 275, 757 Katalog o 2'; VS 24, 13 o i 2').

[...] ḫul = ḫul-miṭ-ṭum (LTBA 1, 49 r ii' 12').


a[water] hulu[bad]

a ḫul-a = 3<(ma-li-a)> me-e (BAM 7, 51 o 9').

ab[cow] amar[young] hulu[bad]

[ab₂ amar] ḫul-a! = MIN<(ša)> bur-ša i-ze-ru (LTBA 1, 36 r 4').

ana[what?] hulu[bad]

a-na bi₂-ḫul (OB Nippur Kagal 482).

a-na bi₂-in-ḫul (OB Nippur Kagal 481).

a-na bi₂-ḫul = mi-nam u₂-le-mi-in (TMH 8, 10 o i 4).

a-na bi₂-in-ḫul = mi-nam u₂-qa₂-le-el (TMH 8, 10 o i 3).

diŋir[deity] hulu[bad]

diŋir ḫul-a (Weidner God List 217; EA 374 r ii 6').

[diŋir] ḫulu = MIN<(DINGIR)> lem-nu (CT 25, pl. 33, K 13666 i' 1').

egar[wall] hulu[bad]

e₂-gar₈ ḫulu = MIN<(ṣu-ub-bu-ru)> ša₂ er-ri (CT 12, pl. 40-41, K 00039 o ii 10).

eme[tongue] hulu[bad] ŋal[be]

eme ḫul ŋal₂ = le-[mu-ut-tum] (Oriento 23/2, 1-19 r ii 17).

gana[field] hulu[bad]

gana₂? ḫul-la = ŠU<(ganaḫulu)>[u] [...] (SpTU 3, 116 o i 56).

gud[ox] hulu[bad]

gud al-ḫul-a (FAOS 02/1, 215 b iii 19').

gud ḫul?-[a?] = [...] (Ura 13 Seg.1, 260a).

gud ḫul?-[la?] = [...] (LTBA 1, 70 r 1).

i[oil] hulu[bad]

i₃ ḫul = nap-ṭum (MSL 16, 189 r i 14').

igi[face] hulu[bad]

igi ḫul = pa-nu lem-nu-tum (MSLSSI, 17-27 iv 47).

igi ḫul = pa-nu ma-[as-ku]-tum (MSLSSI, 17-27 iv 48).

kag[mouth] hulu[bad]

[ka] ḫul = lem-nu (Oriento 23/2, 1-19 o iv 17).

ka ḫul-a = lem-nu (Oriento 23/2, 1-19 o iv 15).

[ka] ḫul = ma--kum (Oriento 23/2, 1-19 o iv 18).

[ka] ḫul-a = zi-i-rum (Oriento 23/2, 1-19 o iv 16).

kag[mouth] hulu[bad] ŋal[be]

[ka ḫul] ŋal₂ = lem-nu-tum (Oriento 23/2, 1-19 o iv 19).

kuš[skin] peš[mouse] ŋiri[foot] hulu[bad]

kuš MIN<(peš₂)> ŋiri₃ ḫul-a = [...] (Emar 6/1, p. 372, Msk 74148a o 9).

lu[person] hulu[bad]

lu₂ ḫul (BRM IV 26 o ii 1; MSL SS 1, p. 07 C o i frg.2 18'', o i frg.2 19'').

[lu₂] ḫul = a-a-bu-u₂ (MSL 12, 157 A 38).

lu₂ ḫul = lem-nu-u₂ (MSL 12, 157 A 37).

lu₂ ḫul-ḫul (BRM IV 26 o ii 2; MSL SS 1, p. 07 C o i frg.2 20'').

lu₂ ḫul = li-im-nu (OB Lu2-Azlag2 B-C Seg.1, 38).

lu₂ ḫul = ma-as₂-kum (OB Lu2-Azlag2 B-C Seg.1, 39).

lu₂ ḫul₂-ḫul₂ = ze-ni-e-u₂ (OB Lu2-Azlag2 B-C Seg.9, 20).

lu[person] šag[heart] hulu[bad] ak[do]

lu₂ šag₄ ḫul ak = na-an-ze₂-rum (OB Lu2-Azlag2 B-C Seg.1, 44).

ma[ship] šag[heart] hulu[bad]

ŋešma₂ šag₄ ḫul-la (CULC 454 r ii 16).

maš[goat] hulu[bad] x-x

maš₂ ḫul x-[x] = [...] (OIP 011, 044 r i 1).

mir[snake] hulu[bad]

[mir?] ḫul = ḫul-[miṭ]-ṭu₂ (LTBA 1, 44 r iii 28').

mir ḫul = ḫul-miṭ!-ṭum (LTBA 1, 40 r iii 39; LTBA 1, 37 r 8; Ura 14 412).

mir ḫul = ḫul-ma-ḫu (LTBA 1, 40 r iii 40; LTBA 1, 44 r iii 29'; LTBA 1, 37 r 9; Ura 14 413).

mul[star] hulu[bad]

mul ḫulu = lum-num₂ MIN<(ṣalbatānu)> (K 00260+ o 6'; K 04344 o i 30').

muš[snake] hulu[bad]

[muš] ḫul = PI-ma-[x] (Ashm 1924-1042 o 3').

muš ḫul-la₂ (MSL 11, A 07895 x 4).

[muš] ḫul = ḫul-miṭ-ṭu₃ (LTBA 1, 44 o i 21).

muš ḫul = ḫul-miṭ-ṭum (LTBA 1, 40 o i 21; Ashm 1924-1042 o 2'; Ura 14 21).

muš ḫulu = ḫul-mit-tu muš-ḫuš-[šu] (RA 14, 79, K 00152+ r ii 10').

muš ḫul = ḫul-ma-ḫu (LTBA 1, 40 o i 22; LTBA 1, 44 o i 22; Ura 14 22).

niŋ[thing] hulu[bad]

kušniŋ₂ ḫul-a = 5<(zimuḫaru)> (BM 085983 o iii 3).

niŋ[thing] hulu[bad] di[speak]

niŋ₂ ḫul? di = na-ak-ru-u₂-um (YBC 13524 b 87).

saŋ[head] hulu[bad] haza[hold]

[saŋ ḫul ḫa]-za = mu-kil SAG ḪUL-tim (VS 24, 13 o i 16').

tumu[wind] hulu[bad]

tumu ḫul-la = MIN<(...)> lim-nu (RA 17, 160, K 08631+ i' 9').

tumu ḫul-a = ša₂-rum lem-nu (CT 19, pl. 25, K 04309+ o ii' 11').

u[ewe] sila[lamb] hulu[bad]

u₈ sila₄ ḫul?-[a?] = [...] (CTMMA 2, 055 r i 20'; Iraq 06, 175-176, 76 r i 1').

u₈ sila₄ ḫul-a = MIN<(ša₂)> pu?-ḫa-tu₂ i-zi-[...] (Ura 13 Seg.1, 189).

udug[demon] hulu[bad] x x x

udug ḫul x x [...] (N 4950 o 11).

ur[dog] hulu[bad]

ur ḫul = UR lem-nu (LTBA 1, 45 o ii 10').

ur ḫul = lem-nu (LTBA 1, 40 o ii 23; CT 14, pl. 01-02, K 00071a o i' 27; LTBA 1, 44 o ii 29'; Ura 14 97).

ur ḫulu = lim-nu MIN<(...)> [...] (RA 14, 79, K 00152+ r ii 4').

x hulu[bad]

[...] ḫul? = [...] (AOAT 275, 757 Katalog o 2'; VS 24, 13 o i 2').

[x?] ḫul?-ḫul = ḫa-a-lu u₂-i-wi₅(GEŠTIN)--kat-tal-la- (KBo 13, 001 + KBo 26, 20 + KBo 01, 44 o i 40).

[...] ḫul = ḫul-miṭ-ṭum (LTBA 1, 49 r ii' 12').

x ḫul = su-uḫ-ḫu-mu ḫa-aḫ-ḫar-ša-na-an-za (KUB 03, 099 + KBo 01, 50 o? ii' 8').

x-ni hulu[bad] qa-ab-x

[...]-ni ḫul qa-ab-[...] (N 4950 o 12).

ŋeškim[sign] hulu[bad]

ŋeškim ḫul-a (OB Nippur Lu 497a).

Lexical Associations

lapātu[touch]V ša[of]DET īnu[eye]N (// hulu[bad])

ḫul = la!(-)pa-tu ša IGI (MAOG 3/3 47-55 o ii 50).

ḫulu = MIN<(la-pa-tu)> ša₂ i-nim? (CT 19, pl. 48-49, K 00026 o ii 28').

qalālu[be(come) light]V (// hulu[bad])

ḫulu = qu-ul-lu-lu (CT 19, pl. 17-19, K 04386+ o ii 23').

ḫulu-mu-un-ši-ib₂ = u₂-qal-li-la-an-ni (CT 19, pl. 17-19, K 04386+ o ii 24').

zêru[hate]V (// hulu[bad] x)

[...]-ḫul-le [x] = i-ze₂-er-ra-am (TIM 09, 087 o i 1).

hulmiṭṭu[dragon]N (// x hulu[bad])

[...] ḫul = ḫul-miṭ-ṭum (LTBA 1, 49 r ii' 12').


ša[of]DET bur-ša i-ze-ru (// ab[cow] amar[young] hulu[bad])

[ab₂ amar] ḫul-a! = MIN<(ša)> bur-ša i-ze-ru (LTBA 1, 36 r 4').

Ganahulu[1]FN (// gana[field] hulu[bad])

gana₂? ḫul-la = ŠU<(ganaḫulu)>[u] [...] (SpTU 3, 116 o i 56).

lemnu[bad]AJ (// kag[mouth] hulu[bad])

[ka] ḫul = lem-nu (Oriento 23/2, 1-19 o iv 17).

ka ḫul-a = lem-nu (Oriento 23/2, 1-19 o iv 15).

masku[bad one]N (// lu[person] hulu[bad])

lu₂ ḫul = ma-as₂-kum (OB Lu2-Azlag2 B-C Seg.1, 39).

hulmiṭṭu[dragon]N (// mir[snake] hulu[bad])

[mir?] ḫul = ḫul-[miṭ]-ṭu₂ (LTBA 1, 44 r iii 28').

mir ḫul = ḫul-miṭ!-ṭum (LTBA 1, 40 r iii 39; LTBA 1, 37 r 8; Ura 14 412).

lumnu[evil]N (// mul[star] hulu[bad])

mul ḫulu = lum-num₂ MIN<(ṣalbatānu)> (K 00260+ o 6'; K 04344 o i 30').

hulmiṭṭu[dragon]N (// muš[snake] hulu[bad])

[muš] ḫul = ḫul-miṭ-ṭu₃ (LTBA 1, 44 o i 21).

muš ḫul = ḫul-miṭ-ṭum (LTBA 1, 40 o i 21; Ashm 1924-1042 o 2'; Ura 14 21).

muš ḫulu = ḫul-mit-tu muš-ḫuš-[šu] (RA 14, 79, K 00152+ r ii 10').

nakru[strange one]N (// niŋ[thing] hulu[bad] di[speak])

niŋ₂ ḫul? di = na-ak-ru-u₂-um (YBC 13524 b 87).

x lemnu[evil]AJ (// tumu[wind] hulu[bad])

tumu ḫul-la = MIN<(...)> lim-nu (RA 17, 160, K 08631+ i' 9').

ša[of]DET puhādu[lamb]N i-zi-x (// u[ewe] sila[lamb] hulu[bad])

u₈ sila₄ ḫul-a = MIN<(ša₂)> pu?-ḫa-tu₂ i-zi-[...] (Ura 13 Seg.1, 189).

hiālu[be in labour]V (// x hulu[bad])

[x?] ḫul?-ḫul = ḫa-a-lu u₂-i-wi₅(GEŠTIN)--kat-tal-la- (KBo 13, 001 + KBo 26, 20 + KBo 01, 44 o i 40).

hulmiṭṭu[dragon]N (// x hulu[bad])

[...] ḫul = ḫul-miṭ-ṭum (LTBA 1, 49 r ii' 12').

sahāmu[trouble]V (// x hulu[bad])

x ḫul = su-uḫ-ḫu-mu ḫa-aḫ-ḫar-ša-na-an-za (KUB 03, 099 + KBo 01, 50 o? ii' 8').

Bibliography

[2006] M. Jaques, Vocabulaire des sentiments 13; 16; 147 wn330; 159.

[2005] P. Attinger, ZA 95 216; 229.

[2001] W. Schramm, Bann 4 n24.

[2000] D. Owen, St Cagni 820 n28.

[1998] J. Bauer, Vorsargonische Abschnitt 491.

[1989] P. Michalowski, Lamentation over Sumer and Ur 73.

Word ID: o0030345; Citation URL: http://oracc.org/epsd2/o0030345; version 2.4 (built 2021-06-21)