kalam [LAND] (N)

960 instances

kalam [LAND] N (960x) Early Dynastic IIIa, Early Dynastic IIIb, Ebla, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian, Middle Assyrian, Middle Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, Persian, Hellenistic, Uncertain, unknown wr. kalam; kalam-ma; ka-la-am; ka-na-ma; kalam-maki; kakalam "the Land (of Sumer)"

[1] 𒌦 kalam
[2] 𒌦𒈠 kalam-ma
[3] 𒅗𒆷𒄠 ka-la-am
[4] 𒅗𒈾𒈠 ka-na-ma
[5] 𒌦𒈠𒆠 kalam-maki
[6] 𒅗𒌦 ka kalam
+ --ma=m+a (2x/0%); --ma=m.a (754x/79%).
PC ED IIIa ED IIIb Ebla OAkk Lag II Ur III OB Post-OB (unknown)
[1] 6 12 1 9 27 81 731 48 25
[2] 2 2 1 6 2
[3] 4
[4] 1
[5] 1
[6] 1

50 distinct forms attested; click to view forms table.

Attested in the following periods:

Early Dynastic IIIa (6x/1%)

Early Dynastic IIIb (14x/1%)

Ebla (1x/0%)

Old Akkadian (11x/1%)

Lagash II (28x/3%)

Ur III (87x/9%)

Old Babylonian (740x/77%)

Middle Assyrian (1x/0%)

Middle Babylonian (17x/2%)

Neo-Assyrian (17x/2%)

Neo-Babylonian (7x/1%)

Persian (1x/0%)

Hellenistic (5x/1%)

Uncertain (20x/2%)

unknown (5x/1%)

Senses:

Akk. mātu.

Pronunciation Data

Bases with phonetic glosses:

kakalam.

Continuation graphemes:

-ma=m+a; -ma=m.a.

Lexical Attestations:

kalam

gi-li₉-mu-um = kalam (Ebla Sign List 45).

ka-la-ma = kalam = mātu (K 04263+ r i 13').

ka-lam = kalam = šubtum (Ea 04 52; CT 11, pl. 06-07, K 04118 + r ii 12'; OB Nippur Ea 596).

Phrase Data

References for all phrases


niŋziŋal[living creature] niŋnam[anything] mu[name] še[call] kalam[land] ŋal[be]

niŋ₂-zi-ŋal₂ niŋ-nam mu še₂₁ kalam-ma ŋal₂-la-a (CBS 08801 o 11).

zag[side] kalam[land]

zag kalam⸣-ma = [...] (MSL SS 1, p. 060 catalogue 1924-1730 o ii' 2').

zag kalam-⸢ma = MIN⸣<(pa-at-tum)> ma-a-ti (BM 038591 o 7').

[zag kalam]-ma = MIN<(pa-a-ṭu)> ma-a-ti (K 04342 o ii 12'; RA 12, 2, K 04558+ i' 13').

Lexical Associations


pātu[edge]N mātu[land]N (// zag[side] kalam[land])

zag kalam-⸢ma = MIN⸣<(pa-at-tum)> ma-a-ti (BM 038591 o 7').

Word ID: o0031548; Citation URL: http://oracc.org/epsd2/o0031548; version 2.1 (built 2020-06-21)