kalam [LAND] (N)

1018 instances

kalam [LAND] N (1018x) Early Dynastic I-II, Early Dynastic IIIa, Early Dynastic IIIb, Ebla, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian, Middle Assyrian, Middle Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, Persian, Hellenistic, unknown wr. kalam; kalam-ma; ka-la-am; ka-na-ma; kalam-maki; kakalam "the Land (of Sumer)"

[1]𒌦kalam
[2]𒌦𒈠kalam-ma
[3]𒅗𒆷𒄠ka-la-am
[4]𒅗𒈾𒈠ka-na-ma
[5]𒌦𒈠𒆠kalam-maki
[6]𒅗𒌦kakalam
+--ma=m+a (2x/0%); --ma=m.a (794x/78%).
PCED IIIaED IIIbEblaOAkkLag IIUr IIIOBPost-OB(unknown)
[1]111221928927524141
[2]22162
[3]4
[4]1
[5]1
[6]1

51 distinct forms attested; click to view forms table.

Attested in the following periods:

Early Dynastic I-II (1x/0%)

Early Dynastic IIIa (11x/1%)

Early Dynastic IIIb (24x/2%)

Ebla (1x/0%)

Old Akkadian (11x/1%)

Lagash II (29x/3%)

Ur III (98x/10%)

Old Babylonian (761x/75%)

Middle Assyrian (2x/0%)

Middle Babylonian (6x/1%)

Neo-Assyrian (18x/2%)

Neo-Babylonian (9x/1%)

Persian (1x/0%)

Hellenistic (5x/0%)

unknown (41x/4%)

Senses:

Akk. mātu.

kalam

gi-li₉-mu-um = kalam (Ebla Sign List 45).

ka-la-ma = kalam = mātu (K 04263+ r i 13').

ka-lam = kalam = šubtum (Ea 04 52; CT 11, pl. 06-07, K 04118 + r ii 12'; OB Nippur Ea 596).

Lexical Associations


pātu[edge]N mātu[land]N (// zag[side] kalam[land])

zag kalam-ma = MIN<(pa-at-tum)> ma-a-ti (BM 038591 o 7').

References for all phrases

kalam[land] Enlil[1]

kalam den-lil₂-la₂ (CUNES 49-03-032 o 1).


niŋziŋal[living creature] niŋnam[anything] mu[name] še[call] kalam[land] ŋal[be]

niŋ₂-zi-ŋal₂ niŋ-nam mu še₂₁ kalam-ma ŋal₂-la-a (CBS 08801 o 11).

zag[side] kalam[land]

zag kalam-ma = [...] (MSL SS 1, p. 060 catalogue 1924-1730 o ii' 2').

zag kalam-ma = MIN<(pa-at-tum)> ma-a-ti (BM 038591 o 7').

[zag kalam]-ma = MIN<(pa-a-ṭu)> ma-a-ti (K 04342 o ii 12'; RA 12, 2, K 04558+ i' 13').

Šagzumah[1] tibira[sculptor] kalam[land]

dšag₄-zu-maḫ tibira kalam-ma-kam (UM 29-15-229 o i 9').

Word ID: o0031548; Citation URL: http://oracc.org/epsd2/o0031548; version 2.6 (built 2022-06-21)