šum [GIVE] (V/t)

3155 instances

šum [GIVE] V/t (3155x) Early Dynastic IIIa, Early Dynastic IIIb, Ebla, Old Akkadian, Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian, Middle Assyrian, Middle Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, Persian, Hellenistic, Uncertain, unknown wr. šum₂; šum₂-šum₂; šu-mu; šum; šum-ma; šum₂šu; šu; šu-um; šum-ma-šum-ma; šum₂-ma-am₃; šum₂-mu-us₂ "to give"

[1] 𒋧 šum₂
[2] 𒋧𒋧 šum₂-šum₂
[3] 𒋗𒈬 šu-mu
[4] 𒋳 šum
[5] 𒋳𒈠 šum-ma
[6] 𒋧𒋗 šum₂ šu
[7] 𒋗 šu
[8] 𒋗𒌝 šu-um
[9] 𒋳𒈠𒋳𒈠 šum-ma-šum-ma
[10] 𒋧𒈠𒀀𒀭 šum₂-ma-am₃
[11] 𒋧𒈬𒍑 šum₂-mu-us₂
+ --ma=m+a (4x/0%); --ma=m.a (381x/12%); --ma=m.u (1x/0%); --me=m+e (2x/0%); --mu=m+u (23x/1%); --mu=m.u (982x/31%).
PC ED IIIa ED IIIb Ebla OAkk Lag II Ur III OB Post-OB (unknown)
[1] 44 487 1 493 20 904 1031 101 31
[2] 1 1 1 13 4
[3] 2 1 4
[4] 2 2 1
[5] 2 1 1
[6] 2
[7] 1
[8] 1
[9] 1
[10] 1
[11] 1

466 distinct forms attested; click to view forms table.

Attested in the following periods:

Early Dynastic IIIa (45x/1%)

Early Dynastic IIIb (488x/15%)

Ebla (1x/0%)

Old Akkadian (495x/16%)

Lagash II (21x/1%)

Ur III (905x/29%)

Old Babylonian (1055x/33%)

Middle Assyrian (1x/0%)

Middle Babylonian (25x/1%)

Neo-Assyrian (43x/1%)

Neo-Babylonian (29x/1%)

Persian (1x/0%)

Hellenistic (9x/0%)

Uncertain (17x/1%)

unknown (20x/1%)

Verbal prefixes: V ; V.V.na ; V.V.ne ; V.V.ši ; V.b ; V.ba ; V.i.n ; V.n ; V.na ; V.na.b ; V.na.e ; V.na.n ; V.ne ; V.ne.n ; V.ra.b ; V.ra.n ; Vmma ; Vmma.b ; Vmma.da.b ; Vmma.i ; Vmma.i.n ; Vmma.n ; al ; ba ; ba.a ; ba.an ; ba.b ; ba.e ; ba.i.b ; ba.i.n ; ba.n ; ba.n.da.n ; ba.na ; ba.na.b ; ba.na.n ; ba.ne ; ba.ne.V ; ba.ni.b ; ba.ni.n ; ba.ta.b ; bara ; bara.V.n ; bara.ba.b ; bara.ba.i ; bara.n ; ga ; ga.V.na ; ga.V.na.b ; ga.V.ra ; ga.V.ra.b ; ga.V.ra.ni.b ; ga.ba.n ; ga.mu ; ga.mu.e ; ga.mu.na.b ; ga.mu.na.ši.b ; ga.mu.ra.b ; ha.V ; ha.V.b ; ha.V.ba.b ; ha.V.n ; ha.V.na ; ha.V.na.b ; ha.V.na.n ; ha.V.na.ni ; ha.V.na.ra.b ; ha.V.ne ; ha.V.ne.b ; ha.V.ra ; ha.V.ra.b ; ha.Vmma.b ; ha.Vmma.e ; ha.Vmma.i ; ha.ba ; ha.ba.b ; ha.ba.n ; ha.mu.a ; ha.mu.a.b ; ha.mu.a.n ; ha.mu.a.ni.n ; ha.mu.e ; ha.mu.na ; ha.mu.na.b ; ha.mu.ne ; ha.mu.ra ; ha.mu.ra.b ; imma.n ; inga.mu ; mu.a ; mu.a.b ; mu.a.n ; mu.a.ni.b ; mu.a.ni.n ; mu.b ; mu.da.b ; mu.da.n ; mu.e ; mu.e.ni ; mu.i ; mu.i.n ; mu.n ; mu.n.ši.n ; mu.na ; mu.na.b ; mu.na.da.b ; mu.na.da.n ; mu.na.e ; mu.na.i ; mu.na.n ; mu.na.ni.n ; mu.na.ta ; mu.na.ta.n ; mu.na.ši ; mu.ne ; mu.ne.n ; mu.ni ; mu.ni.b ; mu.ni.n ; mu.ra ; mu.ra.e ; mu.ra.i ; mu.ra.n ; mu.x.n ; mu.x.x.n ; na ; na.V.n ; na.V.na ; na.V.ta.b ; na.ba ; na.ba.e ; na.inga.mu.a.n ; na.mu.a ; na.mu.a.ni.b ; na.mu.a.ni.n ; na.na.b ; na.ne ; nu ; nu.V.na ; nu.V.na.n ; nu.V.ra ; nu.V.ra.b ; nu.ba ; nu.ba.an ; nu.ba.b ; nu.ba.i.n ; nu.ba.n ; nu.ba.na ; nu.ba.ne ; nu.m ; nu.mu.a ; nu.mu.da.b ; nu.mu.e ; nu.mu.e.da ; nu.mu.n ; nu.mu.na ; nu.mu.na.b ; nu.mu.na.n ; nu.mu.na.ta.n ; nu.mu.ne ; nu.mu.ni.n ; nu.mu.ra.b ; nu.n ; nu.na ; nu.na.b ; nu.na.n ; nu.ne ; u.V.ne ; u.Vmma.e ; u.Vmma.n ; u.mu.a ; u.mu.e ; u.mu.e.ni ; u.mu.n ; u.mu.na ; u.mu.na.e ; u.mu.na.n ; u.mu.ni ; u.mu.ni.n ; u.mu.ra.n ; x ; x.b ; ~ha.mu.ra.*ne ; ~nu.na ; ša.mu.na.da.b .

Senses:

Akk. nadānu.

Pronunciation Data

Bases with phonetic glosses:

šum₂šu.

Continuation graphemes:

-ma=m+a; -ma=m.a; -ma=m.u; -me=m+e; -mu=m+u; -mu=m.u.

Lexical Attestations:

sum

su-um = sum = nadānu (Ea 04 127).

šum₂

šu-um = šum₂ (OB Nippur Ea 275).

Phrase Data

References for all phrases

KA šum[give]

KA? šum₂-mu = ša₂-ga-mu (CT 12, pl. 40-41, K 00039 r ii 15').

šum[give]

ba-an-na-šum₂ (IM 070209 o i 26).

bi₂-ib₂-šum₂?-mu (BM 083055 o? i' 7').

in-na-an-[šum₂] (TMH 8, 21 o 17; OB Nippur Ki-ulutin-bi-še 18; Education in the Earliest Schools no. 132 o 1; Emar 6/1, p. 127, Msk 731046 r iv 10'; Emar 6/1, p. 135-136, Msk 731059a + r iv 14).

in-na-an-šum₂-me- (OB Nippur Ki-ulutin-bi-še 19; Education in the Earliest Schools no. 132 o 2).

in-šum₂ (TMH 8, 21 o 16; OB Nippur Ki-ulutin-bi-še 17).

ma-an-šum₂ (OB Nippur Izi Tab.I, 83; PBS 12, 04 o ii 13').

šum₂ (MSL 14, 023 Fq o iii 10'; PBS 12, 55 o vi' 3'; Ebla Sign List 114; MSL 14, 024 Ge r iii' 10; OB Nippur Ea 275; MSL 14, 025 Gz r ii' 3'; MSL 14, 018 Bb r i 8').

šum₂-mu-dam (Emar 6/1, p. 135-136, Msk 731059a + r i 9').

[šum₂-mu]-dam = [...] (K 02033 (+) K 04573 r i 1').

šum₂-mu-dam-e-[meš?] (Emar 6/1, p. 135-136, Msk 731059a + r i 10').

[šum₂-mu]-dam-e-meš = [...] (K 02033 (+) K 04573 r i 2').

šum₂ = ḫa-a-šu₂ (CT 11, pl. 29-32, DT 040 o i 79).

ba-ab-šum₂ = id-din (MSL 05, 046 o ii 15).

ba-an-šum₂ = id-[din] (BM 047733 o ii' 2').

ba-an-šum₂ = it-ta-din (MB Ura 02 Seg.1, 65).

in-na-an-šum₂ = id-din (MSL 05, 046 o ii 13).

in-na-šum₂ = id-din (MB Ura 02 Seg.1, 63).

si₃ = na-da-[nu] (CT 11, pl. 27, BM 093033 r i 7; MSL 03, 094 ST r i 20).

sum = na-da-nu (Ea 04 127).

šum₂ = na-da-nu (SpTU 4, 186 r iv 10; CT 11, pl. 29-32, DT 040 o i 84).

šum₂-mu-dam = id-din (K 04158 r i 18').

šum₂-mu-dam-e = i-nam-din (K 04158 r i 19').

šum₂-mu-dam-e-meš = i-nam-di-nu (K 04158 r i 20').

sum = na-da-nu šu-ma (AJSL 33, 170-171 ii 45).

in-na-an-šum₂! = e-ri-ba (MB Ura 01 Seg.7, 33').

[nu]-MIN<(ba-ab-šum₂)> = ul MIN<(id-din)> (MSL 05, 046 o ii 16).

nu-ba-an-šum = ul it-ta-din (MB Ura 02 Seg.1, 66).

nu-ba-an-šum₂ = ul [MIN<(id-din])> (BM 047733 o ii' 3').

nu-MIN<(in-na-an-šum₂)> = ul MIN<(id-din)> (MSL 05, 046 o ii 14).

nu-in-na-šum₂ = ul id-din (MB Ura 02 Seg.1, 64).

[nu]-šum₂-mu-dam = ul i-nam-[din] (K 02033 (+) K 04573 r i 3'; K 04158 r i 21').

nu-in?-na?-an-šum₂ = ul [...] (BM 047733 o ii' 1').

šum₂-šum₂-mu = LUGAL (CT 18, pl. 29-30, K 02054 o i 26; CT 51, pl. 58-60, BM 122629+ r? iii 21').

šum₂ = MIN<(ša₂-a-mu)> (CT 12, 34-35, K 00197+ r ii 3).

šum₂ = šu-ut-lu-mu? (CT 11, pl. 29-32, DT 040 o i 80).


DUB a[water] šum[give]

DUB? a šum₂-[ma?] (CUSAS 12, 7.1 B o ii 5').

KA šum[give]

KA? šum₂-mu = ša₂-ga-mu (CT 12, pl. 40-41, K 00039 r ii 15').

Kabaʾanianakenukuru[1]

dka-ba-a-ni-an-na-ke₄-nu-kur₂-ru = [...] šum₂-mu suk-kal-[lu ...] šip-ṭi (CT 24, pl. 03-11, K 04333 o 33).

Nagaršaga[1]

dnagar-šag₄-ga = ki-sikil-ta šum₂-šum₂-mu mut-ta-ad-di-na-at ar-da-a-ti (CT 24, pl. 12-17, K 04332 o ii 4).

inim[word] šum[give]

inim-inim-ne-ne ba-an-šum₂-mu- (IM 070209 o iii 36).

ki[place] uludin[form] šum[give]

ki uludin-bi-še₃ in-na-an-šum₂ (TMH 8, 14 o 3-4; OB Nippur Ki-ulutin-bi-še 2).

ki uludin-bi-še₃ in-na-an-šum₂?-mu (TMH 8, 21 o 2).

ki uludin-bi-še₃ šum₂-mu-dam (TMH 8, 21 o 9; OB Nippur Ki-ulutin-bi-še 10).

lu[person] zizda[indemnity] šum[give]

[lu₂] ziz₂-da šum₂-ma (MSL SS 1, p. 07 A o i' 6).

lu₂ ziz₂-da-a šum₂-ma = ša ki!(DI-)ša-[a-tum] (NBC 09830 o iii 5).

maš[interest] šum[give]

maš₂ šum₂-mu-dam (OB Nippur Ki-ulutin-bi-še 82; Emar 6/1, p. 127, Msk 731046 o ii 10; HS 1613 + HS 1642 r ii 14).

maš₂ šum₂-mu-dam = MIN<(ṣib-tum)> i-nam-din (Iraq 06, 01 + 11 o ii 14).

maš₂ šum₂-mu-dam = MIN<(ṣib-tu₂)> [...] (MKT 1, 029, K 08687 o i 10').

mea[where?] šum[give]

me-a ba-ni-ib-šum₂ = a-li u₂-[...] (K 04369 o ii 5).

x Suen[1] šum[give]

[...] [d]suen-e nam-ba-e-šum₂-mu = dSUEN li-ip-ṭu₃-ur-ma (TIM 09, 087 o i 17).

Lexical Associations

nadānu[give]V (// šum[give])

ba-ab-šum₂ = id-din (MSL 05, 046 o ii 15).

ba-an-šum₂ = id-[din] (BM 047733 o ii' 2').

ba-an-šum₂ = it-ta-din (MB Ura 02 Seg.1, 65).

in-na-an-šum₂ = id-din (MSL 05, 046 o ii 13).

in-na-šum₂ = id-din (MB Ura 02 Seg.1, 63).

si₃ = na-da-[nu] (CT 11, pl. 27, BM 093033 r i 7; MSL 03, 094 ST r i 20).

sum = na-da-nu (Ea 04 127).

šum₂ = na-da-nu (SpTU 4, 186 r iv 10; CT 11, pl. 29-32, DT 040 o i 84).

šum₂-mu-dam = id-din (K 04158 r i 18').

šum₂-mu-dam-e = i-nam-din (K 04158 r i 19').

šum₂-mu-dam-e-meš = i-nam-di-nu (K 04158 r i 20').

riābu[replace]V (// šum[give])

in-na-an-šum₂! = e-ri-ba (MB Ura 01 Seg.7, 33').

ul[not]MOD nadānu[give]V (// šum[give])

[nu]-MIN<(ba-ab-šum₂)> = ul MIN<(id-din)> (MSL 05, 046 o ii 16).

nu-ba-an-šum = ul it-ta-din (MB Ura 02 Seg.1, 66).

nu-ba-an-šum₂ = ul [MIN<(id-din])> (BM 047733 o ii' 3').

nu-MIN<(in-na-an-šum₂)> = ul MIN<(id-din)> (MSL 05, 046 o ii 14).

nu-in-na-šum₂ = ul id-din (MB Ura 02 Seg.1, 64).

[nu]-šum₂-mu-dam = ul i-nam-[din] (K 02033 (+) K 04573 r i 3'; K 04158 r i 21').

ul[not]MOD x (// šum[give])

nu-in?-na?-an-šum₂ = ul [...] (BM 047733 o ii' 1').


šukkallu[(a court official)]N x šipṭu[judgement]N (// Kabaʾanianakenukuru[1])

dka-ba-a-ni-an-na-ke₄-nu-kur₂-ru = [...] šum₂-mu suk-kal-[lu ...] šip-ṭi (CT 24, pl. 03-11, K 04333 o 33).

muttaddinu[saleman]N wardatu[girl]N (// Nagaršaga[1])

dnagar-šag₄-ga = ki-sikil-ta šum₂-šum₂-mu mut-ta-ad-di-na-at ar-da-a-ti (CT 24, pl. 12-17, K 04332 o ii 4).

ṣibtu[interest]N nadānu[give]V (// maš[interest] šum[give])

maš₂ šum₂-mu-dam = MIN<(ṣib-tum)> i-nam-din (Iraq 06, 01 + 11 o ii 14).

ṣibtu[interest]N x (// maš[interest] šum[give])

maš₂ šum₂-mu-dam = MIN<(ṣib-tu₂)> [...] (MKT 1, 029, K 08687 o i 10').

ali[where?]AV u₂-x (// mea[where?] šum[give])

me-a ba-ni-ib-šum₂ = a-li u₂-[...] (K 04369 o ii 5).

Suen[1]DN paṭāru[loosen]V (// x Suen[1] šum[give])

[...] [d]suen-e nam-ba-e-šum₂-mu = dSUEN li-ip-ṭu₃-ur-ma (TIM 09, 087 o i 17).

Bibliography

[2006] M. Jaques, Vocabulaire des sentiments 367.

[2002] J. Høyrup, Lengths Widths Surfaces 40; 46.

[1973] G. Gragg, Sumerian Dimensional Infixes 19-20.

Word ID: o0039914; Citation URL: http://oracc.org/epsd2/o0039914; version 2.4 (built 2021-06-21)