Updates to The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire

Since the first fascicle of PNA was published in 1998, new editions of Neo-Assyrian texts have been published and study of the existing material has progressed. Inevitably there are a fair number of new names, as well as new attestations of previously known names, to be added to the corpus. In some cases the readings of names already published in PNA have to be revised; similarly, the biographical details for certain individuals can be updated in the light of recent research. These developments reflect a healthy interest in and engagement with the field of Neo-Assyrian studies, of course, but they make it quite difficult to keep a printed Prosopography up-to-date. To this end, I have been compiling a database of addenda and corrigenda to PNA.

The provisional list made available here represents the material processed so far in the course of collecting updates. It contains skeleton entries, without full biographical details. Etymological interpretations are not included, and the names have not been reviewed by PNA's linguistic consultants. Please be aware that this is a work in progress; further entries will be added and existing entries may well be modified as editorial work progresses.


As well as numerous miscellaneous items noted in the process of editorial work on PNA, the updates presented here include material collected from the following publications so far:

Searight, A., J. Reade and I. Finkel 2008. Assyrian Stone Vessels and Related Material in the British Museum. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
Radner, K. 2002. Die neuassyrische Texte aus Tall Šeh Hamad. Berichte der Ausgrabungen Tall Ṣēh Hamad/Dūr-Katlimmu, Band 6, Texte 2. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.
[Note that BATSH 6 uses the sequence for post-canonical eponyms proposed by J. Reade in 1998. For the sake of maintaining consistency throughout PNA, post-canonical dates have been changed here to conform to the sequence published by S. Parpola in PNA 1/I pp. xviii–xx.]
Cuneiform texts: Fales, F.M. and K. Radner 2005. "4. Tablets in Neo-Assyrian Cuneiform Script," in L. Bachelot and F.M. Fales (eds), Tell Shiukh Fawqani 1994-1998, vol. II. History of the Ancient Near East Monographs 6/2. Padua: S.A.R.G.O.N. Editrice e Libreria: 623–649 [texts nos. 1-44].
Aramaic texts: Fales, F.M. and E. Attardo 2005. "5. Tablets in Aramaic alphabetic script," ibid. pp. 650–667 [texts nos. 45–63].
Saggs, H.W.F. 2001. The Nimrud Letters, 1952. Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud V. London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq.
Edubba 10
Ahmad, A.Y. and J.N. Postgate. 2007. Archives from the Domestic Wing of the North-West Palace at Kalhu/Nimrud. Edubba 10. London: NABU Publications.
IN 6
Herrmann, G. and S. Laidlaw, with H. Coffrey. 2009. Ivories from the North West Palace (1845–1992). Ivories from Nimrud 6. London: British Institute for the Study of Iraq.
Frahm, E. 2009. Historische und historisch-literarische Texte. Keilschrifttexte aus Assur literarischen Inhalts 3. WVDOG 121. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
Marqasi 1–4: Jiménez, E., Adalı, S.F., and Radner, K. 2015. "Four 7th-century BCE Neo-Assyrian slave sale records from Marqasi (Kahramanmaraş) in the Erimtan Museum (Ankara) and elsewhere," Altorientalische Forschungen 42(2): 153–172.
Marqasi 5–6: Jiménez, E., Fıstıkçı, A. and Adalı, S.F. 2015. "Two 7th-century BCE Neo-Assyrian slave sale records from Marqasi (Kahramanmaraş) in a collection at Gaziantep," Altorientalische Forschungen 42(2): 173–182.
NABU 2016/50
Niederreiter, Z. 2016. "An unpublished Neo-Assyrian cylinder seal ('Property of Adad-nasḫira, the eunuch of Bēl-tarṣi- ilumma') kept in the Harvard Art Museums." Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires 2016/50.
Niederreiter, Z. 2015. "Cylinder seals of eleven eunuchs (ša rēši officials): A study on glyptic dated to the reign of Adad-nērārī III." State Archives of Assyria Bulletin 21: 117–156.
Semitica 60
Niederreiter, Z. and B. Sass 2018. "On a cylinder seal with a newly deciphered Arabian legend." Semitica 60: 273–293.
StAT 2
Donbaz, V. and S. Parpola 2001. Neo-Assyrian Legal Texts in Istanbul. Studien zu den Assur-Texten 2. Saarbrücken: SDV.
StAT 3
Faist, B. 2007. Alltagstexte aus neuassyrische Archiven und Bibliotheken der Stadt Assur. Studien zu den Assur-Texten 3. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
Tell Sitak
Radner, Karen. 2017. "A Neo-Assyrian Legal Document from Tell Sitak," in Y. Heffron, A. Stone and M. Worthington (eds), At the Dawn of History: Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honour of J. N. Postgate. Volume 2. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, pp. 423–430.
Radner, K. 2009. "Die assyrischen Reliefs und Inschriften," in A. Schachner, Assyriens Könige an einer der Quellen des Tigris. Istanbuler Forschungen 51. Tübingen: Ernst Wasmuth Verlag, pp. 172–202.
Parpola, S. 2008. "Cuneiform texts from Ziyaret Tepe (Tušhan), 2002-2003," State Archives of Assyria Bulletin 17: 1–113, Pls. I–XXV.


The tables of updates present the data under the following headings:


Self-evident. I have tried to implement extensive cross-referencing so that, for example, if the reading of a personal name has been revised, entries can be found under the superseded version as well as the revised version.

Individual no./item status

"New individual"—an individual whose name already features in PNA but who represents a "new" holder of that name. If it is uncertain whether or not the attestation refers to a hitherto unknown person, then the formula "New individual?" may be followed by suggestions as to his possible identification, .e.g. "New individual? (cf. 5.-6.)".

"New lemma"—the entry may represent both a new name and a newly attested individual, or a revised reading of an existing name; in the latter case, one or more individuals may already be known under the previous version of the name.

"21.d." etc.—such a designation indicates that the entry comprises either an addition or a revision (or both) to the biography of a specific individual, identified in PNA by a number (and sub-section where relevant) in the case of homonymous persons. Where the existing PNA entry has only a single individual, then this field contains simply "—".

"see *Dādīa 1." etc.— this indicates that the name has been published in the edition in a form different from that given in PNA (in this case, the edition has Dādi-Ea); such entries are intended to help the reader locate the PNA entry.

PNA page

The page(s) on which the relevant PNA entry can be found. Where a numbered individual is referred to, then the page range is specific to that section of the PNA entry; otherwise, it covers the entire article.


Details of the specific additions and revisions to PNA. No attempt is made here to isolate individuals; in the case of individuals known from multiple sources, each attestation has its own entry (with the exception of inner tablet/envelope pairs).


Name of person who supplied the update.


Between March 2009 and February 2015 this work was carried out within the framework of the project "Royal Institutional Households in First Millennium BC Mesopotamia" funded by the Austrian Science Fund [FWF [http://www.fwf.ac.at/index.asp]]. Further updates continue to be compiled and added to this website as part of my ongoing work on PNA at the University of Toronto.

31 Aug 2018

Heather D. Baker

Heather D. Baker, 'Updates to The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire', The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire online, Heather D. Baker, 2018 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/pnao/updatestopna/]

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