Names

  • Shalmaneser III 005

Numbers

  • Q004610
  • Shalmaneser III 005

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Details

  • door covering
  • Neo-Assyrian
  • Written ca. 858-824
  • Balawat (Imgur-Enlil)
  • Royal Inscription
  • Shalmaneser III

Shalmaneser III 005

Obverse
Column i
i 1i 1

mdsál-ma-nu-<SAG> MAN GAL-ú MAN dan-nu MAN ŠÚ MAN [KUR -šur DUMU md-šur-PAP-A LUGAL kiš-ša-ti LUGAL KUR -šur DUMU mdtukul-ti-dMAŠ LUGAL kiš-ša-ti LUGAL KUR ]-⸢šur⸣-ma eṭ-lu qar-du šá ina kib-rat LÍMMU-te [it-ta-lak-u-ma? ...]

(i 1) Shalmaneser, great king, strong king, king of the universe, king of [Assyria, son of Ashurnasirpal (II), king of the universe, king of Assyria, son of Tukultī-Ninurta (II)], (who was) also [king of the universe (and) king of Assyria], valiant man who [is active] in the four quarters [(...)] merciless [...] who defeats the fierce [... the one (...)] into whose hands are entrusted all the quarters, destroyer of [...] those insubmissive to Aššur, mighty floodtide [which has no opponent, the one] into whose hands [Aššur (and the great gods)] firmly placed the circumference of lands, king of the (four) quarters [controller of the obstinate, crowned] with splendor, fearless in battle, [...] whose lordship has entirely conquered fierce and merciless kings [from east] to west, [...], Shalmaneser, faithful shepherd, vice-regent of Aššur, superb[...]:

i 22

la pa-du-ú mu--er .al-ṭu-[ti ... ša (...)] UB.MEŠ -ši-na qa-tu-šú paq-da šá-gi- [...]

i 33

la kan-šú-ut e-du-ú gap-šú [...] kip-pat KUR.KUR.MEŠ qa--šú ú-kín-nu LUGAL UB.MEŠ [mu-la-ʾi-iṭ? ek-ṣu-te? a-pir]

i 44

[šá]-lum-ma-te la a-di-ru GIŠ.LAL ša EN-ti-šú MAN.MEŠ-ni ek-du-ti u la-a pa-du-ti [TA dUTU È]

i 55

[a]-di e-reb dUTU-še ik-ta-[ša-du ...]-ta mdsál-ma-nu-MAŠ .SIPA-ú ki-nu -šá-ku -šur [...]

i 66

šit⸣-ra-ḫu ina u₄-me-šú-ma EN GAL-⸢ú [MU a-na SIPA-ut?] UN.MEŠ i-bu-ú a-ga-a MAḪ ú-pi-ru EN-ti [...]

(i 6b) At that time Aššur, the great lord, called [my name for shepherdship of] the people, he crowned (me) with the exalted crown, [he ...] my dominion, (and) placed in my hands the sword, scepter, (and) staff appropriate for (rule over) the people. With the support of Aššur, the great lord, my lord, and the god Ninurta, who loves my priesthood, I always acted (and) they placed firmly in my hands all lands (and) mountains.

Column ii
ii 1ii 1

GIŠ.TUKUL GIŠ.GIDRU GIŠ.ši-bir-ru si-mat UN.MEŠ ina ŠU-ia ú-šat-me-ḫu ina GIŠ.tukul-ti -šur EN GAL-e EN-ia u dMAŠ ÁGA SANGA-ti-ia DU.DU-ku-ma KUR.KUR.MEŠ -ši-na ḫur-šá-a-ni

ii 22

a-na paṭ gim-ri--nu a-na ŠU-ia ú-kín-nu mdsál-ma-nu-MAŠ MAN dan-nu dšam-šú kiš-šat UN⸣.[MEŠ TA?] A.AB.BA šá KUR.na-i-ri u A.AB.BA šá KUR.za-mu-a šá be-ta-a-ni u A.AB.BA GAL-te šá KUR.MAR.TU.KI KUR.ḫat-te ana paṭ gim-ri-šá GIM DU₆

(ii 2b) Shalmaneser, strong king, sun(god) of all people: I overwhelmed like the Deluge (lit. “tells of the Deluge”) the entire (territory stretching) [from] the sea of the land Nairi, the sea of the interior of the land Zamua and the great western sea of the land Ḫatti. I uprooted 44,400 of their troops (with) their officers (and) regarded (them) as people of my land. I unleashed upon the land Ḫatti my lordly radiance. Upon my passing by the sea I created a colossal image of my lordship (and) erected (it) where the image of Anum-ḫirbe (stands).

ii 33

a-bu-be áš-pu-un 40 LIM 4 LIM 4 ME .ERIM.GAL.ḪI.A.MEŠ-šú-nu a-su-ḫa a-na UN.MEŠ KUR-ia am-[nu (...)] me⸣-lam-me EN-ti-ia UGU KUR.ḫat-te at-bu-uk ina me-táq-ti-ia šá A.AB.BA NU EN-ti-ia šur-ba-a - KI NU šá mAN-ḫi-ir-be ú-še-zi-zi

ii 44

URU.MEŠ-ni šá ši-di ḫu-li-ia a-púl a-qur ina IZI.MEŠ áš-ru-up ma?⸣-[da-? ša? ... am-ḫur? a-na tam-ti] GAL-te a-lik GIŠ.TUKUL.MEŠ-ia ina A.AB.BA GAL-te ú-lil UDU.SISKUR.MEŠ ana DINGIR.MEŠ-ia DIB-bat ma-da- šá MAN.MEŠ šá ši-di A.AB.BA -šú-nu am-ḫur

(ii 4) I razed, destroyed, (and) burned the cities along my way (and) [received] the tribute of [...]. I went down to the great [sea], washed my weapons in the great sea, (and) offered sacrifices to my gods. I received the tribute of all the kings by the sea. I created a colossal image of my lordship (and) wrote thereon the praises [of Aššur, the great lord, my lord, and the mighty deeds which] I had been accomplishing [by] the sea. I erected (it) by the sea.

ii 55

NU EN-ti-ia šur-ba-a - ta⸣-[na-ti -šur EN GAL-e EN-ti-ia u li-ti kiš-šú-ti-ia ša ina] A⸣.AB.BA e-tap-pa-áš ina -reb-šú áš-ṭu-ur ina UGU A.AB.BA ú-še-ziz TA KUR.en-zi-te a-di KUR.da-ia-e-ni TA KUR.da-ia-e-ni a-di

(ii 5b) I conquered, razed, destroyed, (and) burned from the land Enzite to the land Daiēnu, from the land Daiēnu to [the city Arṣaškun, the royal city of Ar]amu the Urarṭian. While I was residing in the city Arṣaškun, Aramu the Urarṭian, trusting in the might of his army, mustered all his troops (and) attacked me to wage war and battle. I defeated him, crushed his soldiers, put to the sword 3,000 of his fighting men, (and) filled the wide plain with the blood of his warriors. I took away from him his military equipment, his royal treasure, (and his) numerous cavalry. To save his life he ascended a rugged mountain. I slaughtered the extensive Guti like the god Erra. I thundered like the god Adad, the devastator, against (the territory stretching) from the city Arṣaškun to the land Gilzānu (and) from the land Gilzānu to the land Ḫubuškia. (Thus) I laid my lordly brilliance over the land Urarṭu.

ii 66

[URU.ar-ṣa-áš-kun URU MAN-ti-šú ša ma]-⸢ra⸣-me KUR.ú-ra-ar-ṭa-a-a KUR-ud a-púl a-qur ina IZI.MEŠ áš-ru-up ki-i ina URU.ar-ṣa-áš-kun us-ba-ku-ni ma-ra-mu KUR.u-ra-ar-ṭa-a-a ana gi-piš .ERIM.ḪI.A.MEŠ-šú

Column iii
iii 1iii 1

it-ta-kil-ma ERIM.ḪI.A.MEŠ-šú -liš lu id-ka-a ana e-peš MURUB₄ u ana GABA-ia it-ba-a BAD₅.BAD₅-šú áš-kun .muq-tab-li-šú ú-nap-pi-ṣi 3 LIM ERIM.MEŠ ti-du-ki-šú ina GIŠ.TUKUL.MEŠ ú-šam-qit MÚD.MEŠ qu-ra-di-šú

iii 22

EDIN DAGAL ú-mal-li ú-nu-ut -šú ni-ṣir-ti MAN-ti-šú pet-ḫal-lu ḪI.A.MEŠ e-kim-šú ana šú-zu-ub ZI.MEŠ-šú ana KUR-e mar-ṣi e-li KUR.qu-ti-e DAGAL- ki dèr-ra áš-giš TA URU.ar-ṣa-áš-kun a-di KUR.gíl-za-a-ni

iii 33

TA KUR.gíl-za-a-ni a-di KUR.ḫu-ub--ki-a ki-ma dIŠKUR ra-ḫi-ṣi UGU-šú-nu -gu-um na-am-ru-rat EN-ti-ia UGU KUR.ú-ra-ar-ṭí ú-šá--kín ma-ḫu-ni A-ma-di-ni šá TA MAN.MEŠ-ni AD.MEŠ-ia šip-ṣu u da-na-nu

(iii 3b) Aḫunu, the man of Bīt-Adini, who had been swaggering about with might and main since (the days of) the kings my fathers: at the beginning of my reign I imprisoned him in his city. I uprooted his harvest (and) cut down his gardens. To save his life he crossed the Euphrates and fortified himself in the city Šītamrat, a mountain peak situated on the bank of the Euphrates which is suspended from heaven like a cloud. In a second year I went after him (and) laid siege to the mountain peak. My soldiers flew up against them like the anzû-bird. I uprooted (and transported) I7 ,500 of his troops. I took for myself Aḫunu together with his troops, gods, chariots, (and) horses, brought (them) to my city Aššur, (and) regarded (them) as people of my land.

iii 44

il-ta-ka-na ina šur-rat MAN-ti-ia ina URU-šú e-sir-šú BURU₁₄-šú a-su-ḫu GIŠ.KIRI₆.MEŠ-šú a-kis ana šu-zu-ub ZI.MEŠ-šú ÍD.A.RAD e-bir URU.ši-ta-am-rat ŠU.SI KUR-e šá ina a-ḫa-at ÍD.pu-rat-te šá-ki-ni-ma šá ki-ma DUNGU TA AN-e šú-qa-lu-la-at a-na

iii 55

dan-nu-ti-šú -kun ina 2-te MU EGIR-šú ar-te-di ŠU.SI KUR-e a-si-bi .mu-daḫ-ṣi-ia ki-ma an-ze-e UGU-šú-nu i-še-ʾu 17 LIM 5 ME ERIM.ḪI.A.MEŠ-šú a-su-ḫa ma-ḫu-ni a-di ERIM.ḪI.A.MEŠ-šú DINGIR.MEŠ-ni-šú GIŠ.GIGIR.MEŠ-šú

iii 66

ANŠE.KUR.RA.MEŠ-šú a-na pa-ni-ia ú-te-ra a-na URU-ia -šur ub-la a-na UN.MEŠ KUR-ia am-nu

Column iv
iv 1iv 1

ina li-me mdUTU-EN-PAP ina tar-ṣi mdAMAR.UTU-MU-MU MAN KUR.kar-du-ni-áš mdAMAR.UTU-EN-ú-sa-a-te ŠEŠ-šú KI-šú ib-bál-kit KUR mal-ma-liš i-zu-zu mdAMAR.UTU-MU-MU ana ERIM.TÁḪ-šú ana UGU mdsál-ma-nu-MAŠ ú-ma-ʾe-ra

(iv 1) In the eponymy of Šamaš-bēla-uṣur, at the time of Marduk-zākir-šumi, king of Karduniaš (Babylonia), Marduk-bēl-usāte, his brother, rebelled against him (and) they divided up the land evenly. Marduk-zākir-šumi sent his messenger (with a plea) for help to Shalmaneser. Shalmaneser, the vigorous hero who is supported by the god Ninurta, took the road (and) ordered the march to the land of Akkad. I approached the city Zaban (and) offered sacrifices to the god Adad, my lord. Moving on from the city Zaban I approached the city Mê-turnat. I laid siege to the city, captured (it), slaughtered its (people), and plundered it. Moving on from the city Mê-turnat I approached the city Gannanāte. Marduk-bēl-usāte, the rebel king who did not know what he was doing, came forth to wage war and battle against me. I defeated him, made an extensive massacre, (and) imprisoned him in his city. I uprooted his harvest, cut down his gardens, (and) stopped up his canals.

iv 22

rak-ba-šú mdsál-ma-nu-MAŠ a-li-lu šam-ru šá tu-kúl-ta-šú dMAŠ iṣ-bat ar-ḫu a-na KUR-ak-ka-de-e a-la-ka iq-bi ana URU.za-ban aq-ṭí-rib UDU.SISKUR.MEŠ ina IGI dIŠKUR EN-ia

iv 33

lu BAL- TA URU.za-ban at-tu-muš ana URU.me-tu-ur-na-at aq-ṭí-rib URU a-si-bi ak-ta-šad GAZ.MEŠ-šú a-duk šal-la-su áš-lu-la TA URU.me-tu-ur-na-at a-tu-muš ana URU.gán-na-na-te

iv 44

aq-ṭí-rib mdAMAR.UTU-EN-ú-sa-te MAN ḫa-ma-ʾi la mu-de-e a-lak-te ra-ma-ni-šú a-na e-peš MURUB₄ u a-na GABA-ia ú-ṣa-a a-bi-ik-ta-šú -kun GAZ.MEŠ-šú ḪI.A.MEŠ a-duk ina URU-šú e-sir-šú BURU₁₄-šú

iv 55

a-su-uḫ GIŠ.KIRI₆.MEŠ-šú ak-ši-iṭ ÍD-šú as-ki-ir ina šá--e ta-lu-ki ina li-me mEN-bu-na-a-a ina ITI.BÁRA UD.20.KÁM TA URU.ni-nu-a at-tu-muš ÍD.za-ba AN.TA

(iv 5b) On a second campaign, in the eponymy of Bēl-bunāya, in the month Nisannu, the twentieth day, I set out from Nineveh. I crossed the Upper and Lower Zabs (and) approached the city Laḫiru. I laid siege to the city, captured, massacred, (and) plundered it. Moving on from the city Laḫiru I approached the city Gannanāte. Marduk-bēl-usāte escaped like a fox through a hole, set out for Mount Iasubu, (and) fortified himself in the city Arman. I captured, massacred, (and) plundered the city Gannanāte. I ascended the mountain after him and imprisoned him in the city Arman. I laid siege to the city, (and) captured, massacred, (and) plundered it. I put Marduk-bēl-usāte to the sword and did not spare any of his ḫupšu-soldiers.

iv 66

u KI.TA e-bir a-na URU.la-ḫi-ri aq-ṭí-rib URU a-si-bi ak-ta-šad GAZ.MEŠ-šú a-duk šal-la-su áš-lu-la TA URU.la-ḫi-ri

Column v
v 1v 1

at-tu-muš a-na URU.gán-na-na-te aq-ṭí-rib mdAMAR.UTU-EN-ú-sa-te ki-ma KA₅.A ina píl-še ú-ṣi a-na KUR-e KUR.ia-su-bi il-ta-kan pa-ni-šú URU.ar-man

v 22

a-na dan-nu-ti-šú lu iṣ-bat URU.gán-na-na-te lu ak-šud GAZ.MEŠ-šú a-duk šal-la-su áš-lu-la ar-ki-šú a-na KUR-e e-li ina URU.ar-man e-sir-šú URU a-si-bi ak-ta-šad GAZ.MEŠ-šú

v 33

a-duk šal-la-su áš-lu-la mdAMAR.UTU-EN-ú-sa-te ina GIŠ.TUKUL.MEŠ ú-šam-qit u ERIM.MEŠ ḫu-up-še šá KI-šú a-iu-um-ma ul e-zib TA mdAMAR.UTU-MU-MU ik-šú-da ga-ri-šú u mdsál-ma-nu-MAŠ

(v 3b) After Marduk-zākir-šumi had conquered his enemies and Shalmaneser, the strong king, had achieved his heart's desire, he (Shalmaneser) heeded the command of the great lord, the god Marduk, (and he) Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, ordered the march to Babylon. He reached Cutha, city of the hero of the gods, the exalted divine Utulu. He bowed down humbly at the gate of the temple and made sacrifices and offerings. He entered Babylon, link between heaven and underworld, the abode of life, (and) ascended to Esagil, the palace of the gods, abode of the king of all. He reverently appeared in the presence of divine Bēl and Bēlat, properly performed their rites, slaughtered (and) offered up lofty sacrifices (and) holy offerings in Esagil. He (also) presented holy offerings at the shrines of (other) deities in Esagil and Babylon.

v 44

MAN dan-nu im-ṣu-ú mal ŠÀ-bu-šú it-ta-ʾi-id-ma KA EN GAL-e dAMAR.UTU mdsál-ma-nu-MAŠ MAN KUR a-na URU..DINGIR.RA.KI iq-ṭa-bi a-la-ka ik-šú-dam-ma a-na URU..DU₈.A URU qar-rad DINGIR.MEŠ šá--e dut-u₁₉-lu ina É.KUR áš-riš -ken-ma UDU.SISKUR-šú

v 55

ú-šam-ḫi-ra ú-qa-i-šá NÍG.BA.MEŠ-te KU₄-ub-ma a-na URU..DINGIR.MEŠ mar-kas₅ AN-e u KI-te šú-bat ba--ṭi

v 66

e-li-ma ana é-sag-íl É.GAL DINGIR.MEŠ šú-bat MAN gim-ri ina maḫ-ri dEN u dGAŠAN pal-ḫiš in-na-me-er-ma -te-še-ra kib-si-šú-nu UDU.SISKUR-šú MAḪ NIDBA-šú el-la ina é-sag-íl

Column vi
vi 1vi 1

ú-ṭaḫ-ḫi-da ú-paq-qid É DINGIR.MEŠ šu-ut é-sag-íl ù .DINGIR.MEŠ ú-šam-ḫi-ra ni-qa-šú el-la iṣ-bat-ma KASKAL a-na

(vi 1b) He took the road to Borsippa, city of the hero of the gods, son of Bēl, the powerful prince, (and) entered Ezida, temple of destinies, temple of his firm decision. He bowed down in the presence of the deities Nabû and Nanāya, the gods, his lords, and reverently (and) properly performed their (lit. “his”) rites. He slaughtered (and) offered up superb oxen (and) fat sheep. He presented bursaggu-offerings at the shrines of (other) deities of Borsippa and Ezida in like fashion. For the people of Babylon and Borsippa, his people, he established protection and freedom under the great gods at a banquet. He gave them bread (and) wine, dressed them in multicolored garments, (and) presented them with presents.

vi 22

URU.bár-sipa URU qar-rad DINGIR.MEŠ DUMU dEN NUN ga-áš-ri KU₄-ub-ma ana é-zi-da É ši-ma-a-⸢te É .BAR-šú ke-ni -ken-ma ina ma-ḫar dAG u dna-na-a

vi 33

DINGIR.MEŠ EN.MEŠ-šú pal-ḫiš -te-še-ra kib-si-šú GU₄.MEŠ bit-ru-te UDU.MEŠ ma-⸢ru⸣-[te] ú-ṭaḫ-ḫi-da ú-paq-qid É DINGIR.MEŠ šú-ut URU.bár-sipa u é-zi-da ki-ma -te-niš

vi 44

ú-šam-ḫi-ra bur-sag-gi ana URU..DINGIR.MEŠ u [URU].bár-sipa.KI ERIM.MEŠ BAR šu-ba-re-e šá DINGIR.MEŠ GAL.MEŠ -re-ti -kun-ma NINDA.ḪI.A ku-ru-na i-din-šú-nu-ti TÚG.bir-me-e ú-lab-biš NÍG.BA.MEŠ

vi 55

ú-qa-i-su-nu-ti ul- DINGIR.MEŠ GAL.MEŠ mdsál-ma-nu-MAŠ MAN dan-nu MAN KUR ḫa-diš ip-pal-su-šú-ma ú-tar-ri-ṣú bu-ni-šú-<nu> ŠÀ.IGI.GURU₆*-šú u ek-du-te im-ḫu-ru -mu-ú su-pi-šú TA URU..DINGIR.MEŠ a-tu-muš ana KUR.kal-di

(vi 5b) After the great gods had looked joyfully upon Shalmaneser, strong king, king of Assyria, directed (towards him) their faces, accepted his offerings and ..., (and) received his prayers: I moved out of Babylon (and) went down to Chaldea. I approached the city Baqanu, a fortress of Adinu, the man of Bīt-Dakkuri. I laid siege to the city, captured (it), staged an extensive massacre, (and) carried off a valuable booty of oxen and sheep. I razed, destroyed, (and) burned the city. Moving on from the city Baqanu, I crossed the Euphrates in flood and approached the city Ḫuradu, a royal city of the same Adinu. The fearful splendor of Marduk, the great lord, overwhelmed Adinu, the man of Bīt-Dakkuri, and he submitted to me. I received from him silver, gold, bronze, tin, iron, [...], meskannu-wood, ivory, (and) elephant hides. While I was residing in Ḫuradu, I received tribute from Bīt-Iakin ... from Mušallim-Marduk, a man of Bīt-Amukkāni (Aukānu): silver, gold, tin, bronze, [...], meskannu-wood, ivory, (and) elephant hides.

vi 66

a-ta-rad ana URU.ba-qa-a-ni bi-ir-ti ša ma-di-ni A-mda-ku-ri aq-ṭí-rib URU a-si-bi ak-ta-šad GAZ.MEŠ-šú ma-ʾa- a-duk šal-la-su-nu ka-bit- GU₄.MEŠ-šú-nu ṣe-ni-šú-nu áš-lu-la URU ap-púl a-qur ina IZI.MEŠ áš-ru-up TA URU.ba-qa-ni a-tu-muš ÍD.A.RAD ina geš-ri e-bir ana URU.ḫu-ra-di

vi 77

URU MAN-ti-šú šá ma-di-ni-ma aq-ṭí-rib ma-di-nu A-mda-ku-ri pùl-ḫi me-lam-me šá dAMAR.UTU EN GAL-e is-ḫu-pu-šú-ma GÌR.II.MEŠ-a DIB .BABBAR .GI ZABAR.MEŠ AN.NA.MEŠ AN.BAR.MEŠ [... GIŠ].⸢mes-kan-na⸣.MEŠ .MEŠ KUŠ AM.SI am-ḫur-šú ki-i ina? ḫu?-ra⸣-di-ma us-ba-ku-ni ma-⸢da- šá DUMU⸣-mia-ki-ni x x x x šá mmu-sal-lim-dAMAR.UTU DUMU-ma-ú-ka-ni .BABBAR.MEŠ .GI.MEŠ AN.NA.MEŠ ZABAR.⸢MEŠ [... mes]-⸢kan-na⸣.MEŠ ⸣.MEŠ KUŠ AM.SI.MEŠ am-ḫur


Based on A. Kirk Grayson, Assyrian Rulers of the Early First Millennium BC II (858-745 BC) (RIMA 3), Toronto, 1996. Adapted by Jamie Novotny (2016) and lemmatized and updated by Nathan Morello (2016) for the Munich Open-access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative (MOCCI), a corpus-building initiative funded by LMU Munich and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (through the establishment of the Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East) and based at the Historisches Seminar - Abteilung Alte Geschichte of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. The annotated edition is released under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license 3.0. Please cite this page as http://oracc.org/riao/Q004610/.