Bēlu-bāni

Bēlu-bāni, son of Adāsi [http://oracc.iaas.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/sonsofnobody/index.html], was the forty-eighth ruler of Aššur according to the Assyrian King List [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/index.html] (AKL). He is said to have exercised kingship for ten years. Exactly how Bēlu-bāni came to power is uncertain because his own father's claim to power is unclear; Adāsi was either (1) one of six men (the so-called ṭuppišu-kings; Eder 2004, 209) who vied for the throne in the time of Aššur-dugul [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/sonsofnobody/index.html] or (2) was the sixth and final eponym-official of Aššur-dugul (Reade 2001, 7). If the latter scenario proves to have been the case, then Bēlu-bāni, with the help of his father, may have seized the throne from his immediate predecessor Aššur-dugul. J. Reade (ibid.) proposes that Bēlu-bāni, Libāya [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/libaya/index.html], and Šarma-Adad I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/sharmaadadi/index.html] were either governors of Aššur who were dependant on the city Ekallātum or were independent rulers of Ekallātum and that those three men were contemporaries of Puzur-Sîn [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/samsiaddudynasty/puzursin/index.html] and Bāzāyu [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/bazayu/index.html], both of whom sat on the Assyrian throne in Aššur; in this proposed scenario, Libāya and Šarma-Adad I, Bēlu-bāni's son and grandson respectively, would have been contemporaries of Bāzāyu, a second son of Bēlu-bāni. Whatever the case may be, Adāsi and his son Bēlu-bāni founded a new dynasty in Aššur that lasted many generations.

Bibliography

Eder, C., 'Assyrische Distanzangaben und die absolute Chronologie Vorderasiens,' Altorientalische Forschungen 31, Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2004, pp. 191-236.
Ebeling, 'Bêlbâni,' Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie 1 (1932), pp. 473.
Reade, J., 'Assyrian King-lists, The Royal Tombs of Ur, and Indus Origins,' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 60/4 Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, pp. 1-29.

Poppy Tushingham

Poppy Tushingham, 'Bēlu-bāni', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2021 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/belubani/]

 
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