Šarma-Adad I

Šarma-Adad I, son and successor of Libāya [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/libaya/index.html], reigned for twelve years according to the Assyrian King List [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/assyriankinglist/index.html#BelubaniDynasty] (AKL). Following Reade 2001, who regards the six names mentioned alongside Aššur-dugul [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/sonsofnobody/index.html] as eponyms (see the "sons of nobody"), Šarma-Adad I was the fifth king of Aššur after Samsī-Addu I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/samsiaddudynasty/samsiaddui/index.html]. He was succeeded by his son, Iptar-Sîn [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/iptarsin/index.html], who also exercised kingship for twelve years. No royal inscriptions from his reign have come to light.

J. Reade (2001) proposes that Bēlu-bāni [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/belubani/index.html], Libāya [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/libaya/index.html], and Šarma-Adad I were either governors of Aššur who were dependant on the city Ekallātum or independent rulers of Ekallātum itself and that they were perhaps contemporaries of Puzur-Sîn [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/samsiaddudynasty/puzursin/index.html] and Bazāya [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/bazayu/index.html]; in this scenario, Šarma-Adad I, Bēlu-bāni's grandson, would have reigned at the same time as his uncle Bazāya. Moreover, Reade proposes that Šarma-Adad I and Šarma-Adad II [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/sharmaadadii/index.html] are in fact the same person.

Bibliography

Michel, C., 'Šarma-Adad,' Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie 12, 2009-11, 68-69.
Reade, J., 'Assyrian King-lists, The Royal Tombs of Ur, and Indus Origins,' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 60/4 Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, 1-29.

Poppy Tushingham

Poppy Tushingham, 'Šarma-Adad I', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2021 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/sharmaadadi/]

 
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