Aššur-nārārī V

The disarray which characterized Assyria during the reign of Aššur-dān III [/riao/theassyrianempire883745bc/ashurdaniii/index.html] (772-755 BC) continued during the reign of his successor, Aššur-nārāri V (754-745 BC), a third son of Adad-nārārī III [/riao/theassyrianempire883745bc/adadnarariiii/index.html] (810-783 BC) to ascend the throne of Assyria. Unfortunately, no annalistic accounts survive from his reign, although he is attested in a fragmentary decree (text no. 1) and a treaty [/saao/P336039/] between him and Matiʾ-ilu, king of Arpad, is preserved.

The Assyrian eponym chronicle [/saao/saas2/Q007771.116/] for his reign indicates that he went on campaign only four times, and was at home much more often. The Urartian king Sarduri II [/ecut/urartianrulersandtheirinscriptions/sarduriiisonofargitiia9andb9/index.html] mentions defeating Aššur-nārārī V in two [http:/ecut/Q007046,Q007047/] of his inscriptions (see, for example, eCUT A 09-01 l.e. 1-10 [/ecut/Q007046.98/]). This event probably corresponded to the Assyrian campaign to Arpad of 754, Aššur-nārārī V's first regnal year, listed in the Assyrian eponym chronicle. The army did not go on campaign again for five years, and Aššur-nārārī's final two campaigns were against Namri to the southeast of Nimrud. His reign concluded in 746 BC with Nimrud in revolt and, on 13th Ayyaru 745, Tiglath-pileser III [http:/rinap/rinap1/rinap1introduction/historicaloverviewtiglathpileseriii/index.html] (744-727 BC) took the throne of Assyria.

[J. Caleb Howard]

Bibliography

Baker, Heather D. 2006. "Šamšī-ilu." In Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie, edited by Michael P. Streck, 11:639–40. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Dalley, Stephanie. 2000. "Shamshi-ilu, Language and Power in the Western Assyrian Empire." In Essays on Syria in the Iron Age, edited by Guy Bunnens, 79–88. Ancient Near Eastern Studies Supplement 7. Leuven: Peeters.
Frahm, Eckart. 2017. "The Neo-Assyrian Period (ca. 1000-609 BCE)." In A Companion to Assyria, edited by Eckart Frahm, 161–208. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
Fuchs, Andreas. 2008. "Der Turtān Šamšī-ilu und die große Zeit der assyrischen Großen (830-746)." Die Welt des Orients 38: 61–145.
Fuchs, Andreas, Karen Radner, and John A. Brinkman. 1998. "Aššūr-nērārī." In The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, edited by Karen Radner, 1/I:208. Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project.
Garelli, Paul. 1991. "The Achievement of Tiglath-Pileser III: Novelty or Continuity?" In Ah, Assyria . . . Studies in Assyrian History and Ancient Near Eastern Historiography Presented to Hayim Tadmor, edited by Mordechai Cogan and Israel Eph'al, 46–51. Scripta Hierosolymitana 33. Jerusalem: Magnes Press.
Grayson, A. Kirk. 1982. "Assyria: Ashur-dan II to Ashur-nirari V (934-745 BC)." In The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume III, Part I: The Prehistory of the Balkans and the Middle East and Aegean World, Tenth to Eighth Centuries B.C., edited by John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, N. G. L. Hammond, and Edmund Sollberger, Second edition, 238–81. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Grayson, A. Kirk. 1993. "Assyrian Officials and Power in the Ninth and Eighth Centuries." State Archives of Assyria Bulletin 7: 19–52.
Grayson, A. Kirk. 1996. Assyrian Rulers of the Early First Millennium BC II (858-745 BC) . The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia: Assyrian Periods 3. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Grayson, A. Kirk. 1999. "The Struggle for Power in Assyria: Challenge to Absolutive Monarchy in the Ninth and Eighth Centuries B.C." In Priests and Officials in the Ancient Near East: Papers of the Second Colloquium on the Ancient Near East - The City and Its Life Held at the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan (Mitaka, Tokyo) March 22-24, 1996, edited by Kazuko Watanabe, 253–70. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. Winter.
Mattila, Raija. 2000. The King's Magnates: A Study of the Highest Officials of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. State Archives of Assyria Studies 11. Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project.
Mattila, Raija.. 2011. "Šamšī-ilu." In The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, edited by Heather D. Baker, 3/II:1226. Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project.
Millard, Alan R. 1994. The Eponyms of the Assyrian Empire 910-612 BC. State Archives of Assyria Studies 2. Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project.
Parpola, Simo, and Kazuko Watanabe. 1988. Neo-Assyrian Treaties and Loyalty Oaths. State Archives of Assyria 2. Helsinki: Helsinki University Press.
Radner, Karen. 2006. "Provinz. C. Assyrien." In Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie, edited by Michael P. Streck, 42–68. 11. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Schramm, Wolfgang. 1973. Einleitung in die assyrischen Königsinschriften, zweiter Teil: 934-722 v. Chr. Handbuch der Orientalistik, Ergänzungsband 5. Leiden: Brill.
Zaia, Shana. 2018. "How to (Not) Be King: Negotiating the Limits of Power within the Assyrian Hierarchy." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 77: 207–17.
Zawadzki, Stefan. 1994. "The Revolt of 746 B.C. and the Coming of Tiglath-Pileser III to the Throne." State Archives of Assyria Bulletin 8: 53–54.

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This text is engraved on a fragment of a black stone stele. Its provenance is unknown. The text contains a description of a battle, reports about appointing Marduk-šarra-uṣur as a governor and grants a tax-exempt land to a certain Zaza[...]. On the left side of the stele there are remains of a snake carved in relief, which reminds of a stone upon which the royal decree of Adad-nārārī III (text no. 9) is inscribed.

[Alexander Kudryavtsev]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q006692/] of Aššur-nārārī V 01.

Source: IM 055640

Bibliography

1976 Dalley, Iraq 38 pp. 107-111 and pl. XVII (photo, edition)
1982 Börker-Klähn, Bildstelen no. 169 (photo, study)
1994 Al-Rawi, Iraq 56 p. 43 (copy, edition)

J. Caleb Howard & Alexander Kudryavtsev

J. Caleb Howard & Alexander Kudryavtsev, 'Aššur-nārārī V', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/theassyrianempire883745bc/ashurnarariv/]

 
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