Inscriptions, texts nos. 40-62

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Statue from Ashur of Shalmaneser III (no. 40)

Clay cones from Ashur and Tell Hawa (nos. 41-46)

Various inscriptions from Ashur (nos. 47-55)

Fort Shalmaneser's Throne Base (Room T1) - Epigraphs (nos. 57, 59-62)

40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59-62   60   61   62  


40

A statue of Shalmaneser III was found broken in pieces at the entrance to a Parthian building at Ashur, during the German expedition in 1903. Afterwards, the monument had been repaired and displayed in the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul. Its high must have been about 250 cm and its original location was most probably the Tabira Gate, as stated in the inscription engraved on it.

Shalmaneser3_40.jpg

Ist EŞEM 04650. Elaboration with KAH 1, 30

Statue and inscription were created to commemorate the restoration of the inner and outer walls of Ashur (ll. iii 9-11). It has a nine-lines introduction that includes the kiong's name, his epithets and a general overview of conquests. The text continues with a non-chronological record of several campaigns. The maned years of reign are: the fourth (855 BC; ll. i 10-13), the sixth (853; ll- i 14-24), the eighteenth (841; ll. i 25-ii 1), an unknown year (ll. ii 2-6), the twenty-fourth (835; ll. iii 1), the twenty-second (837; ll. iii 2-4), and the twenty-sixth (833; ll. 5-8; dating the inscription). No concluding blessing or curses are present.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004645/] of Shalmaneser III 40.

Source: Ist EŞEM 04650 (Ass 00742)

Bibliography

1911 Messerschmidt, KAH I no. 30 (copy)
1912 Meissner, OLZ 15 145-49 (study)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 12, 37-38, 172, and Blatt 13 (photo, provenance)
1926 Ebeling in Gressman, ATAT2 p. 344 (i 14-ii 1, translation)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§679-83 (translation)
1904 Andrae, MDOG 2I pp. 39-42 and Abb. 5-6 (provenance, photos)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 57-63 no. 5 and pls. 7-8 (photos, edition)
1957 Unger, TAD 7/2 pp. 42-48 (study)
1969 Oppenheim, ANET3 p. 280 (i 14-ii l, translation)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 pp. 82-83 and 87-90 (study)
1982 Miglus, ZA 72 pp. 266-79 "Le" (study)
1988 Cogan and Tadmor, The Anchor Bible: II Kings p. 334 (i 14-ii l, translation)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 117-119 A.0.102.40 (edition)


41

Shalmaneser3_41.jpg

IM - (HW 0044). Elaboration from Black, Iraq 51 pp. 44-46 and pl. III

For an overview of the clay cones belonging to Shalmaneser III's reign, and their "Types," see the Introduction to this king.
Eleven clay cone fragments (representing at least five clay cone exemplars) were discovered at Tell al-Hawa, a large mound northwest of Nineveh. The reconstructed text records the works performed at the temple of Adad, also mentioning that a forefather (giving no name) originally built it.
For other clay cone fragments from this site see textx nos. 1005-1006.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004646/] of Shalmaneser III 41.

Sources: (1) IM - (HW 0044)      (2) IM 132847 (HW 0119)      (3) IM 132848 (HW 0194)      (4) IM 132849 (HW 0222)      (5) IM 132850 (HW 0204)      (6) IM 132851 (HW 0195)      (7) IM 112566 + IM 113629 (HW 0262 + HW 0353)      (8) IM 112567 (HW 0263)      (9) IM 113620 (HW 0354)      (10) IM 113626 (HW 0364)      (11) IM 113631 (HW 0356)

Bibliography

1989 Black, Iraq 51 pp. 44-46 and pl. III (ex. 1, photo, copy, edition)
1990 George, Iraq 52 pp. 42-45 (exs. 1-11, copy, edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 119-120 A.0.102.41 (edition)


42

Shalmaneser3_42.jpg

Ist EŞEM 06750. KAH 1 no. 28

For an overview of the clay cones belonging to Shalmaneser III's reign, and their "Types," see the Introduction to this king.
The present text belong to the Type A, concerning the work on wall and gates of the city of Ashur. After the concluding blessing, the text gives the eponym date of Iaḫalu (833 BC).

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004647/] of Shalmaneser III 42.

Sources: (1) Ist EŞEM 06750 (Ass 01377)      (2) Ist A 03352 + Ist A 03354 (Ass 01379h + Ass 01379m)      (3) VA Ass 02117 (Ass 08435a)      (4) Ist A 03576 (Ass 15475)

Bibliography

1904 Andrae, MDOG 22 pp. 29-30 and 77 (ex. 1, provenance)
1906 Delitzsch, MDOG 32 p. 26 (ex. 1, provenance, edition)
1911 Messerschmidt, KAH 1 no. 28 (ex. 1, copy)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 11, 142, and 173 (ex. 1, provenance, copy, edition)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§ 699-700 (ex. 1, translation)
1939-41 Weidner, AfO 13 p. 309 (ex. 1lines 14-16, edition)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 205-206 and 220 (ex. 1, copy, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 93 (ex. 1, study)
1982 Rost, FuB 22 no. 82 (ex. 3, copy)
1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA pp. 27-31, 45, and pls. 15 and 29 nos. 137-38 and 206 (exs. 1-4, copy, edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 120-122 A.0.102.42 (edition)


43

Shalmaneser3_43.jpg

Ist A 03359, Ist A 03349?, Ass 01378. KAH 1 no. 26

For an overview of the clay cones belonging to Shalmaneser III's reign, and their "Types," see the Introduction to this king.
The present text is of the type "B," and describes the restoration works on walls and inner and outer gates of the city Ashur. After the concluding blessings, the text is dated with the eponym of Nergal-mudammiq (834 BC).

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004648/] of Shalmaneser III 43.

Sources: (1) Ist A 03633 (Ass 19355a + Ass 19355b + Ass 19355c + Ass 19355d)      (2) VA Ass 02026 (Ass 09287)      (3) Ist A 03498 (Ass 10238b + Ass 10248a + Ass 10248c)      (4) Ist A 03348 (Ass 01377b)      (5) Ist A 03359 (Ass 01379(a))      (6) Ist A 03349 (Ass 01379a)      (7) Ist A 03589 (Ass 16567)      (8) Ist A 03655      (9) Ass 01378      (10) Ist A 03358 (Ass 01379(b) + Ass 01379(c))      (11) Ist A 03345 (Ass 01351)      (12) Ist A 03502 (Ass 10248f)

Bibliography

1904 Andrae, MDOG 22 pp. 29-31 and 76-77 (ex. 9, provenance)
1906 Delitzsch, MDOG 32 pp. 25-27 (ex. 9, edition)
1911 Messerschmidt, KAH l no. 26 and p. 77* (exs. 5-6?, 9, copy, study)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 11, 142, and 173 (exs. 2, 9, provenance, edition)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB l §§699-700 (ex. 9, translation)
1948 Michel, WO 1 pp. 207-208, 221 (ex. 9, copy, edition), and 209-14 (exs. 2, 5-6?, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 pp. 92-93 (exs. 2, 5-6?, 9, study)
1982 Rost, FuB 22 no. 56 (ex. 2, copy)
1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA pp. 27-34, 45, 52-53, and pls. 15-17 and 29-31 nos. 139-45, 207, and 224-25 (copy, edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 122-123 A.0.102.43 (edition)


44

For an overview of the clay cones belonging to Shalmaneser III's reign, and their "Types," see the Introduction to this king.
The type of the present text is "C," and records the works for the restoration of the city walls and city gates of Ashur. As shown below, this text has many exemplars and many more other fragments could belong to the same inscription model. Two of such exemplars (exs. 6 and 27) are dated to the twenty-third regnal year (836 BC); of the remaining twenty-five exemplars, eight (exs. 1, 3-5, 8-10, 12) have clearly no date, whereas the others are too broken to guess.

Shalmaneser3_44.jpg

VA 08444. KAH 2 no. 97

Notable in this inscription is the use of Assyrian dialect forms: išdu/ušdu for ištu (l. 8); ussešu for uššešu (l. 8); rubāu urkû for rubû arkû (l. 10); ennuḫūma for ennaḫūma (l. 12); išammeū for išemmû(l. 14).

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004649/] of Shalmaneser III 44.

Sources: (1) VA Ass 02020 (Ass 10322)      (2) VA 08444 (Ass 09976)      (3) VA Ass 02019 (Ass 09969)      (4) VA Ass 02021 (Ass 10237)      (5) VA Ass 02023 (Ass 11583)      (6) VA Ass 02024 (Ass 11556)      (7) VA Ass 02029 (Ass 10327)      (8) VA 08443 (Ass 19344)      (9) VA Ass 02022 (Ass 11391)      (10) VA Ass 02025 (Ass 10049)      (11) VA Ass 02027 (Ass 11446c)      (12) VA Ass 02030 (Ass 10093d + Ass 10112)      (13) VA Ass 02031 (Ass 19358 + Ass 19416)      (14) Ist A 03517 + Ist A 03518 (Ass 10335b)      (15) Ist A 03497 (Ass 10238a)      (16) Ist A 03527 (Ass 11569)      (17) Ist A 03510 (Ass 10319b + Ass 10319f)      (18) Ist A 03368 (Ass 02026)      (19) VA Ass 02036 (Ass 10699)      (20) Ist A 03513 (Ass 10319g + Ass 10327g)      (21) Ist A 03511 (Ass 10319c + Ass 10319d)      (22) Ist A 03512 (Ass 10319e)      (23) Ist A 03509 (Ass 10319a)      (24) Ist A 03485 (Ass 10093a)      (25) Ist A 03519 (Ass 10381)      (26) Ist A 03463 (Ass 07526)      (27) Ist A 03577 (Ass 15552)     

Uncertain Fragments

(101) Ist A 03347 (Ass 01376)      (102) Ist A 03350 (Ass 01379c)      (103) Ist A 03357 (Ass 01379(d))      (104) Ist A 03351 (Ass 01379g)      (105) Ist A 03360 (Ass 01425)      (106) Ist A 03393 (Ass 03828)      (107) Ist A 03404 (Ass 04478)      (108) Ist A 03408 (Ass 04656a + Ass 04656b + Ass 04656)      (109) Ist A 03409 (Ass 04705)      (110) Ist A 03410 (Ass 04734b)      (111) VA Ass 02108 (Ass 05357b)      (112) VA Ass 02109 (Ass 05357b)      (113) VA Ass 02112 (Ass 05595)      (114) VA Ass 02113 (Ass 05631)      (115) Ist A 03428 (Ass 05821)      (116) Ist A 03432 (Ass 05926)      (117) Ist A 03443 (Ass 06357)      (118) Ist A 03445 (Ass 06445)      (119) Ist A 03459 (Ass 07282)      (120) Ist A 03464 (Ass 07557)      (121) Ist A 03466 (Ass 07597)      (122) VA Ass 02115 (Ass 07938)      (123) VA Ass 02028 (Ass 07980)      (124) Ist A 03470 (Ass 08101)      (125) VA Ass 02044 (Ass 08389)      (126) VA Ass 02039 (Ass 08509)      (127) VA Ass 02050 (Ass 09017)      (128) VA Ass 02124 (Ass 09326)      (129) Ist A 03478 (Ass 10036)      (130) Ist A 03479 (Ass 10063)      (131) VA Ass 02038 (Ass 10069)      (132) Ist A 03481 + Ist A 03482 (Ass 10084b + Ass 10084c + Ass 10084d)      (133) Ist A 03484 (Ass 10084f)      (134) Ist A 03486 (Ass 10093b)      (135) Ist A 03487 (Ass 10093c)      (136) VA Ass 02037 (Ass 10093e)      (137) VA Ass 02035 (Ass 10093f)      (138) VA Ass 02042 (Ass 10093h)      (139) Ist A 03488 (Ass 10093i)      (140) VA Ass 02034 (Ass 10099a)      (141) Ist A 03489 (Ass 10099b)      (142) Ist A 03490 (Ass 10101 + Ass 10116m)      (143) VA Ass 02041 (Ass 10112c + Ass 10112f)      (144) VA Ass 02040 (Ass 10112p)      (145) Ist A 03491 (Ass 10119a)      (146) VA Ass 02033 (Ass 10099c + Ass 10119b)      (147) VA Ass 02046 (Ass 10130)      (148) VA Ass 02045 (Ass 10140b)      (149) Ist A 03499 (Ass 10238c)      (150) Ist A 03500 (Ass 10238d)      (151) Ist A 03501 (Ass 10248b)      (152) Ist A 03504 (Ass 10255a + Ass 10255b)      (153) Ist A 03506 (Ass 10307)      (154) Ist A 03507 (Ass 10313)      (155) Ist A 03508 (Ass 10318)      (156) VA Ass 02126 (Ass 10496)      (157) VA Ass 02127 (Ass 10587)      (158) VA Ass 02131 (Ass 10794)      (159) VA Ass 02136 (Ass 11077b)      (160) VA Ass 02043 (Ass 11132a)      (161) VA Ass 02047 (Ass 11132b)      (162) VA Ass 02137 (Ass 11136b)      (163) VA Ass 02032 (Ass 11394)      (164) Ist A 03530 (Ass 11606)      (165) Ist A 03534 (Ass 11699)      (166) Ist A 03535 (Ass 11768)      (167) Ist A 03537 (Ass 11912)      (168) Ist A 03538 (Ass 11913)      (169) Ist A 03540 (Ass 12154)      (170) Ist A 03541 (Ass 12155)      (171) Ist A 03545 (Ass 12244)      (172) Ist A 03546 (Ass 12399)      (173) Ist A 03551 (Ass 12761b + Ass 12761g)      (174) Ist A 03553 (Ass 12914)      (175) Ist A 03568 (Ass 13916)      (176) Ist A 03570 (Ass 15178)      (177) Ist A 03603 (Ass 18024)      (178) VA Ass 02099 (Ass 19416a)      (179) VA Ass 02100 (Ass 19416b)      (180) VA Ass 02101 (Ass 20959a + Ass 20959b)      (181) VA Ass 02268 (Ass 22340)      (182) Ist A 03656 (S 209BIS)

Bibliography

1. Certain Exemplar

1906 Andrae, MDOG 32 pp. 11 and 25-27 (exs. 2-3, 10, provenance, edition)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 11 (exs. 1-7, 9-12, 14-15, provenance), 117-18 (exs. 2-4, 10, provenance), 132 (exs. 5-6, 11, provenance), 173 (exs. l-3, 5-6, 10-11, copy, edition), and pls. CI-CIII (exs. 2, 4-6, 9, 11, photos)
1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 97 (ex. 2, copy)
1925 Andrae, Coloured Ceramics p. 64 (exs. 2, 4, drawing)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB l §§701-702 (ex. 2, translation)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 209-14 (exs. 1-7, 9-11, 14-15, edition) and 222 (ex. 2, copy)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 pp. 92 and 98 (study)
1982 Rost, FuB 22 nos. 47-55, 58-60, and 65 (exs. 1, 3-13, 19, copy)
1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA nos. 147-57, 157a, and 223 (exs. 14-18, 20-27, copy, edition)

2. Uncertain Fragments

1904 Andrae, MDOG 22 pp. 36 and 77 (ex. 105, provenance)
1906 Andrae, MDOG 32 pp. 25-27 (ex. 105, provenance)
1911 Messerschmidt, KAH 1 no. 27 (ex. 105, copy)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 132 (exs. 167, 170, provenance), 142 (ex. 105, provenance), 173 (exs. 105, 123, 167-68, 170, edition), and pl. CI (exs. 123-24, 167-68, photos)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§699-700 (ex. 105, translation)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 209-14 (exs. 105, 123-24, 167-68, 170, edition) and 221 (ex. 105, copy)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 pp. 92 and 98 (study)
1982 Rost, FuB 22 nos. 57, 61-64, 66-81, 85-86, 89, 92-93, 98-103 (exs. 111-14, 122-23, 125-28, 131, 136-38, 140, 143-44, 146-48, 156-63, 178-81, copy)
1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA nos. 161-63, 165-75, 177-205, and 208-14 (exs. 101-10, 115-21, 124, 129-30, 132-35, 139, 141-42, 145, 149-55, 164-77, 182, copy)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 123-126 A.0.102.44 (edition)


45

From RIMA 3, p. 126: "This is a senselessly garbled version of A.0.102.44 (text no. 44) and not really a different text. It was obviously copied by a scribe who either did not understand what he was doing or did not care. In either case, the fact that there are three exemplars with exactly the same major blunders indicates that a royal scribe did not always copy from a master text. In this instance probably the same scribe copied all of these exemplars, repeating his errors over and over again while adding numerous minor mistakes."

This text is not edited here.

Sources: (1) Ist A 03630 (Ass 19345a + Ass 19345b + Ass 19345c)      (2) Ist A 03631 + Ist A 03632 (Ass 19346 + Ass 19346a)      (3) Ist A 03631a (Ass 19346c)

Bibliography

1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA nos. 158-60 (exs. 1-3, copy, edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 126-127 A.0.102.45 (study)


46

For an overview of the clay cones belonging to Shalmaneser III's reign, and their "Types," see the Introduction to this king.
A few clay cones and a clay hand from Ashur (see text no. 42). The text describes the Tabira Gate's restoration, and mentions that Aššur-dān II [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/ashurdanii/index.html] had previously restored this gate (see introductions to Aššur-dān II [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/ashurdanii/index.html] texts no. 3 and 5 and cf. below no. 47). The text is dated to Shalmaneser [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/theassyrianempire883745bc/shalmaneseriii/index.html]'s seventeenth regnal year (842 BC). The inscription on the clay hand (ex. 3) contains an abridged version of the text, where Adad-nārāri II [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/adadnarariii/index.html]'s name has been omitted from the genealogy, and the inscription was shortened.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004651/] of Shalmaneser III 46.

Sources: (1) VA Ass 02018 (Ass 10295)      (2) VA Ass 02058 (Ass 10495)      (3) BM 116399 (1922-08-12, 0054; Ass 09464)      (4) Ist A 03353 (Ass 13791)

Bibliography

1906 Andrae, MDOG 32 p. 8 (ex. 3, provenance)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 7, 11, 43, 170, and pl. CII (exs. 1-3, provenance, photo, copy, edition)
1947-52 Michel, WO l pp. 255-59 and pl. 12 (exs. l-2, photo, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 pp. 93-94 (exs. l-3, study)
1982 Miglus, ZA 72 pp. 266-79 (study)
1982 Rost, FuB 22 nos. 83-84 (exs. 1-2, copy)
1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA pp. 49-50 (exs. 1-2, 4, copy, edition)
1991 Frame, Bagh. Mitt. 22 pp. 352-54 (ex. 3, copy, edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 127-28 A.0.102.46 (edition)


47

Two pairs of door sockets bear the following short inscription. They are made of stone and were discovered at the Tabira Gate in Ashur. The four exemplars are exact replicas of each other. The text mentions Aššur-dān II [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/ashurdanii/index.html]'s work on the gate (see text no. 46). The placement of Nergal's name directly after that of Aššur indicates Nergal was the protective deity of the gate (see text no. 94).

[Poppy Tushingham]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004652/] of Shalmaneser III 47.

Sources: (1) VA Ass 01852 (Ass 10235)      (2) Ass 10236      (3) VA Ass 01855 (Ass 10328)      (4) VA Ass 01853 (Ass 10329)

Bibliography

1906 Andrae, MDOG 32 pp. 14-18 (exs. 1-4, provenance, photo)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 26-27, 171-72, and pl. XCVIII (exs. 1-4, photo, copy, edition)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 215-17 (exs. 1-4, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 91 (exs. 1-4, study)
1982 Miglus, ZA 72 pp. 266-79 (exs. 1-4, study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 128-29 A.0.102.47 (edition)


48

A pair of door sockets bear the following short inscription. They are made of stone and were discovered at the Tabira Gate in Ashur. The two inscriptions are exact duplicates.

[Poppy Tushingham]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004653/] of Shalmaneser III 48.

Sources: (1) Ass 10217      (2) Ass 10221

Bibliography

1906 Andrae, MDOG 32 pp. 14-15 (exs. 1-2, provenance)
1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 11, 27, 170-71, and pl. XCVIII (exs. 1-2, photo, copy, edition)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 p. 215 (edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 91 (exs. 1-2, study)
1982 Miglus, ZA 72 pp. 266-79 (exs. 1-2, study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 129-30 A.0.102.48 (edition)


49

A large stone block found in the vicinity of the Ištar temple at Ashur bears this brief inscription. The text discusses the rebuilding of the Širrat-nipḫi temple. As stated here, this temple was build earlier by Tukultī-Ninurta I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/tukultininurtai/index.html] (see texts no. 50 and 51).

[Poppy Tushingham]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004654/] of Shalmaneser III 49.

Sources: (1) Ass 08726      (2) Ass 19743      (3-4) Andrae, JIT pp. 113-114 (Ass -)

Bibliography

1906 Andrae, MDOG 31 p. 15 (ex. 1, provenance)
1908 Andrae, MDOG 38 p. 34 (ex. 1, provenance)
1935 Andrae, JIT pp. 113-14 and pls. 32b-c (exs. 1-4, provenance, photo)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 pp. 90-91 (exs. 1-4, study; ex. 1, transliteration)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 130-31 A.0.102.49 (edition)


50

Shalmaneser3_50.jpg

Ass 13745. KAH 2 no. 98

A brick from Ashur (present location unknown). The text commemorates the restoration of the temple of Šarrat-nipḫi. Another text on Ashur bricks (no. 51) is a duplicate except for the royal titles. Regarding the goddess Šarrat-nipḫi and Tukultī-Ninurta I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/tukultininurtai/index.html], who is mentioned to have been an earlier builder see text no. 49.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004655/] of Shalmaneser III 50.

Source: Ass 13745

Bibliography

1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 98 (copy)
1923 Schroeder, AfK 1 pp. 39-41 (edition)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §708 (translation)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 270-71 no. 25 (edition)
1959 Weidner, Tn. pp. XIII and 44 no. 38f (study)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 94 (study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 132 A.0.102.50 (edition)


51

Another text (see text no. 50), on bricks from Ashur, which concerns the reconstruction of Šarrat-nipḫi's temple which had been previously built by Tukultī-Ninurta I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/tukultininurtai/index.html] (see text no. 49).

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004656/] of Shalmaneser III 51.

Sources: (1) VA Ass 03269 (Ass 14046 or Ass 14348)      (2) VA Ass 04310a (Ass 13744)      (3) Ass 12913      (4) VA Ass 04301a (Ass 06647)

Bibliography

1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 98 (exs. 1-2, study)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 270-71 no. 25 (exs. 1-2, study)
1959 Weidner, Tn. pp. XIII and 44 no. 38f (exs. 1-3, study)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 94 (study)
1984 Marzahn and Rost, Ziegeln 1 nos. 325, 333, and 416 (exs. 1-2, 4, study)
1985 Rost and Marzahn, VAS 23 nos. 112, 119, and 165 (exs. 1-2, 4, copy)
1986 Galter, ZA 76 p. 304 (ex. 2, study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 132 A.0.102.51 (edition)


52

A fragment of clay cone from Ashur (A 3476 = Ass 10012). The text concerns work on the Šarrat-niphi's temple (see text no. 49) and is similar to text no. 51. The inscription has been collated.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004657/] of Shalmaneser III 52.

Source: Ist A 03476 (Ass 10012)

Bibliography

1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA no. 219 (copy, edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 133 A.0.102.52 (edition)


53

Two brick fragments from Ashur. The text concerns work on the forecourt of the temple of Aššur. It is identical with brick inscriptions of Adad-nārāri I [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/adadnararii/index.html] (RIMA 1 p. 167), save for royal name and genealogy, which have been of course changed. This seems to show that Shalmaneser had discovered Adad-nārāri [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/adadnararii/index.html]'s bricks in the course of his reconstruction works.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004658/] of Shalmaneser III 53.

Sources: (1) VA Ass 04301c (Ass 17086)      (2) Ass 17169

Bibliography

1926 Weidner, IAK p. 107 n. 6 (ex. 1, study)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 395-96 no. 30 and pl. 21 (exs. 1-2, photo, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 95 (exs. 1-2, study)
1984 Marzahn and Rost, Ziegeln 1 no. 335 (ex. 1, study)
1985 Rost and Marzahn, VAS 23 no. 121 (ex. 1, copy)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 133-34 A.0.102.53 (edition)


54

This text is engraved on two pairs of stone thresholds discovered at each side of the doorways to two different rooms in the Anu-Adad temple at Ashur.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004659/] of Shalmaneser III 54.

Sources: (1) VA Ass 01854 (Ass 12687)      (2) VA Ass 01856 (Ass 12688)      (3) Ass 12689      (4) Ass 12690

Bibliography

1909 Andrae, AAT pp. 42-45 and pls. XXIII and XXVI (exs. 1-4, photo, copy, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 91 (exs. 1-4, study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 134-35 A.0.102.54 (edition)


55

Shalmaneser3_55.jpg

Ass 18544. KAH 2 no. 103

Two inscribed bricks from Ashur. The text indicates the making of the god Armada's gold statue, presumably the patron deity of the city Arwad (see the bibliography given by Michel).

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004660/] of Shalmaneser III 55.

Sources: (1) Ass 18544      (2) VA Ass 04308a (Ass 04778)

Bibliography

1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 103 (ex. 1, copy)
1984 Marzahn and Rost, Ziegein 1 no. 406 (ex. 2, study)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §709 (ex. 1, translation)
1947-52 Michel, WO 1 pp. 268-69 no. 23 (ex. 1, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 94 (ex. 1, study)
1985 Rost and Marzahn, VAS 23 no. 156 (ex. 2, copy)
1986 Galter, ZA 76 p. 304 (ex. 2, study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 135 A.0.102.55 (edition)


56

Two inscribed bricks from Nimrud. The text concerns the building of Ninurta's ziggurat. Shalmaneser claims to have built this ziggurat for the first time.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004661/] of Shalmaneser III 56.

Sources: (1) BM 090534 (1979-12-20, 0278)      (2) BM 132265 (1958-02-08, 0008)

Bibliography

1922 BM Guide p. 72 (ex. 1, study)
1952 Wiseman, Iraq 14 p. 67 (ex. 2, provenance, transliteration)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 97 (ex. 2, study)
1981 Walker, CBI no. 160 (exs. 1-2, edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 136 A.0.102.56 (edition)


57, Fort Shalmaneser's Throne Base (Room T1) - inscription under East Block

One of a few texts written on the throne base of Shalmaneser, found at Fort Shalmaneser. For full details about the throne base, including bibliography, see text no. 28. This text was inscribed under surface of the east block, and is aduplicate of lines 1-6 of text no. 28, and the attestation that the mounment is a donation of Šamaš-bēla-uṣur, governor of Kalḫu, like in text no. 62, belonging to the same monument.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004662/] of Shalmaneser III 57.

Source: IM 065574 (ND 11000)

Bibliography

1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 137 A.0.102.57 (edition)


58

A fragmentary text from Shibaniba (Tell Billa), mentions the goddess Ištar. The brick is in the University Museum, Philadelphia (UM 84-26-30) and the inscription has been collated. Regarding a brick discovered at Shibaniba by Layard see text no. 104.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004663/] of Shalmaneser III 58.

Source: UM 84-26-030

Bibliography

1930 Speiser, BASOR 40 p. 12 (provenance)
193 I Speiser, BASOR 41 p. 19 (study)
1931-32 Weidner, AfO 7 p. 64a (study)
1932 Speiser, BASOR 45 p. 32 (study)
1953 Finkelstein, JCS 7 p. 114 (study)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 98 (study)
1985 Behrens, JCS 37 p. 243 (study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 137-38 A.0.102.58 (edition)


59–62, Fort Shalmaneser's Throne Base (Room T1) - Epigraphs

Shalmaneser3_59.jpg

IM 065574. Elaboration from Hulin 1963 and Iraq Museum's Photo
(Note that the image in teh photo, with Marduk-zākir-šumi (on the left) shaking hands with Shalmaneser, and the present text are not displayed together on the throne base, but one on the very front of it and the other on the rear (in green in the image).

59

One of a few texts written on the throne base of Shalmaneser, found at Fort Shalmaneser. This text is a label to a scene carved on the base's front in which Shalmaneser and Marduk-zākir-šumi are portrayed shaking hands. The text describes Shalmaneser's intervention on Marduk-zākir-šumi's behalf when rebellion had threatened the latter's reign. For full details about the throne base, including bibliography, see text no. 28. The lines are numbered 45-47 as explained there. The abrupt change from third to first person in the text should be noted.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004664/] of Shalmaneser III 59.

Source: IM 065574 (ND 11000)

Bibliography

1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 138 A.0.102.59 (edition)

60

Shalmaneser3_60.jpg

IM 065574. Oates and Oates 2001 fig. 110

An epigraph written on Shalmaneser's throne base, found at Fort Shalmaneser. It describes the scene carved below in which Qalparunda is portrayed bringing tribute to Shalmaneser. For full details about the throne base, including bibliography, see text no. 28 (called "line 48" there).

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004665/] of Shalmaneser III 60.

Source: IM 065574 (ND 11000)

Bibliography

1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 139 A.0.102.60 (edition)


61

Shalmaneser3_61.jpg

IM 065574. Oates and Oates 2001 fig. 110

An epigraph written on Shalmaneser's throne base, found at Fort Shalmaneser. It describes the scene carved below in which Mušallim-Marduk and Adinu are portrayed bringing tribute to Shalmaneser (see text no. 5 vi 6-7 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004610/]). For full details about the throne base, including bibliography, see text no. 28 (called "line 49" there).

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004666/] of Shalmaneser III 61.

Source: IM 065574 (ND 11000)

Bibliography

1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 139 A.0.102.61 (edition)


62

An epigraph written on Shalmaneser's throne base, found at Fort Shalmaneser. This text indicates the material from which the throne base was made, and also mentions Šamaš-bē1a-uṣur, the official who had installed this throne base. For full details about this object, including bibliography, see text no. 28 (called "line 50" there). Regarding other inscribed objects made by Šamaš-bēla-uṣur see text no. 30.

[Yehonatan Hershkovitz]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004667/] of Shalmaneser III 62.

Source: IM 065574 (ND 11000)

Bibliography

1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 139-140 A.0.102.62 (edition)

Nathan Morello, Yehonatan Hershkovitz & Poppy Tushingham

Nathan Morello, Yehonatan Hershkovitz & Poppy Tushingham, 'Inscriptions, texts nos. 40-62', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/theassyrianempire883745bc/shalmaneseriii/texts4062/]

 
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