Inscriptions, texts nos. 87-99

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87   88   89   90   91   92   93   94   95   96   97   98   99  

87 - Black Obelisk's Epigraphs

This is the first of five epigraphs (nos. 87-91) engraved on the Black Obelisk (the main text of which has been edited as no. 14). Each epigraph appears above scenes carved in relief depicting the tribute being paid. This epigraph records receipt of tribute from Gilzanu, an event mentioned in the annals for the accession year (859 BC). Here, the name of the king of Gilzanu, Sūa, is a different spelling for the ruler who is called Asû in the annals (see no. 6 i 41).

BM 118885

BM 118885. Elaboration from Nimrud: Materialities of Assyrian Knowledge Production [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/nimrud/livesofobjects/blackobelisk/index.html#reflink_3] © The Trustees of the British Museum.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004692/] of Shalmaneser III 87.

Source: BM 118885 (1848-11-04, 0001)

Bibliography

1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 148-149 A.0.102.87 (edition)


88 - Black Obelisk's Epigraphs

This epigraph on the Black Obelisk (see no. 87) records the receipt of tribute from Jehu, king of Israel ("house of Omri"), in the eighteenth year (841 BC), as described in the annals: see no. 8 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004613/] lines 26''-27'', no. 10 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004615/] iv 10-12, and no. 12 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004617/] lines 29-30.

BM 118885

BM 118885. Elaboration from Nimrud: Materialities of Assyrian Knowledge Production [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/nimrud/livesofobjects/blackobelisk/index.html#reflink_3] © The Trustees of the British Museum.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004693/] of Shalmaneser III 88.

Source: BM 118885 (1848-11-04, 0001)

Bibliography

1906 Ungnad, OLZ 9 224-26 (study)
1988 Cogan and Tadmor, The Anchor Bible: II Kings p. 335 (translation)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 149, A.0.102.88 (edition)


89 - Black Obelisk's Epigraphs

This epigraph on the Black Obelisk (see no. 87) records the receipt of the tribute from Egypt. The date of this event is unknown since the only reference to Egypt in the annals is about its participation in the Battle of Qarqar in 853 BC (see no. 2 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004607/] ii 92), and the receipt of this exotic tribute would hardly fit in those circumstances. The tribute includes some interesting animals, portrayed in relief, and the last two pairs look respectively like monkeys and apes. Grayson has corrected the reading of the text (gi* is actually ZI and pu* is actually MI) and assumed that bagiāti = pagiāti. Deller, in the other hand, read ú-qup GE6.MEŠ "black apes."

BM 118885

BM 118885. Elaboration from Nimrud: Materialities of Assyrian Knowledge Production [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/nimrud/livesofobjects/blackobelisk/index.html#reflink_3] © The Trustees of the British Museum.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004694/] of Shalmaneser III 89.

Source: BM 118885 (1848-11-04, 0001)

Bibliography

1961 Tadmor, IEJ 11 p. 147 (study)
1983 Deller, Assur 3 pp. 167-68 (study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 149-50, A.0.102.89 (edition)


90 - Black Obelisk's Epigraphs

This epigraph on the Black Obelisk (see no. 87) concerns the receipt of the tribute from Marduk-apla-uṣur, a ruler of Suḫi. The event is otherwise unrecorded in any known text of Shalmaneser III. The scribe has mistakenly written bu-ú-IA for bu-ú-ṣi.

BM 118885

BM 118885. Elaboration from Nimrud: Materialities of Assyrian Knowledge Production [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/nimrud/livesofobjects/blackobelisk/index.html#reflink_3] © The Trustees of the British Museum.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004695/] of Shalmaneser III 90.

Source: BM 118885 (1848-11-04, 0001)

Bibliography

1968 Brinkman, PKB p. 201 (study)
1990 Cavigneaux and Bahija, Bagh. Mitt. 21 pp. 321-32 (study)
1990 Parpola, Hama II/2 pp. 260-61 (study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 150, A.0.102.90 (edition)


91 - Black Obelisk's Epigraphs

This epigraph on the Black Obelisk (see no. 87) concerns receipt of the tribute from Qarparunda of the land Patinu. In the annals, the receipt of Qarparunda's tribute is recorded for three different years: second (857 BC) see no. 2 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004607/] ii 21-24; seventh (853 BC) see no. 2 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004607/] ii 82-86; eleventh (848 BC) see no. 8 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004613/].

BM 118885

BM 118885. Elaboration from Nimrud: Materialities of Assyrian Knowledge Production [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/nimrud/livesofobjects/blackobelisk/index.html#reflink_3] © The Trustees of the British Museum.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004696/] of Shalmaneser III 91.

Source: BM 118885 (1848-11-04, 0001)

Bibliography

1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 150-151 A.0.102.91 (edition)


92

A small cylinder (4.1 cm long and 1.5 in diameter) made of black stone with white veins and bored through the centre, was discovered at Ashur and has an inscription that identifes it as part of the booty from the city of Malaḫa, which was part of the territory under the control of Hazael of Damascus. The object could not be located or collated by Grayson.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004697/] of Shalmaneser III 92.

Source: Schroeder, AfK 2 pp. 70-71

Bibliography

1905 Delitzsch, MDOG 29 p. 45 (provenance, translation)
1924-25 Schroeder, AfK 2 pp. 70-71 (copy, edition)
1926 Gressmann, ATAT2 p. 344 (translation)
1949 Michel, WO 1 pp. 269-70 (edition)
1953 Ebeling, ArOr 21 p. 401 (study)
1969 Oppenheim, ANET3 p. 281 (translation)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 92 (study)
1982-85 Borger, TUAT 1 p. 367 (translation)
1987 Galter, ARRIM 5 pp. 11-30 no. 8 (edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 151 A.0.102.92 (edition)


93

Two stone door sockets belonging to a dorway of the Anu-Adad temple at Ashur, bear two exact copies of the same text. The objects could not be located or collated by Grayson.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004698/] of Shalmaneser III 93.

Sources: (1) Ass 06437      (2) Ass 12822

Bibliography

1905 Andrae, MDOG 28 p. 30 (ex. 1, provenance, translation)
1909 Andrae, AAT pp. 42-43 and pl. XXIII (exs. 1-2, provenance, photo, copy, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 91 (exs. 1-2, study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 151-152 A.0.102.93 (edition)


94

A stone mace head measuring 11 cm in diameter and 8 cm in high was found with a number of other mace heads at the Tabira Gate in Ashur. The head is engraved with an inscription that certrificates that the mace was deliberately deposited by the Gate. Furhtermore, it tells us that the weapon was part of the booty from Marduk-mudammiq, king of Namri, against whom Shalmaneser led a campaign in his sixteenth regnal year (843 BC).

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004699/] of Shalmaneser III 94.

Source: Ist EŞEM 07052 (Ass 10265)

Bibliography

1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 34-35 and Blatt 12 no. 19 (provenance, photo)
1927 Nassouhi, MAOG 3/l-2 pp. 12-14 and 17 (photo, edition)
1951 Cocquerillat, RA 45 p. 23 no. 25 (study)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 92 (study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 152-153 A.0.102.94 (edition)


95

A stone altar found in the plain of Nineveh (a more precise provenance is not given) measures 68 cm high, 103 cm long and 74 cm wide. It was engraved with a dedicatory inscription to the gods Sibitti with a number of their epithets.
A notable features of this object is the presence of two Greek inscriptions added later, which name an official (Apollonios) and the dedication of the altar to the city.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004700/] of Shalmaneser III 95.

Source: IMM 002

Bibliography

1970 Postgate, Sumer 26 pp. 133-36 and plate (photo, copy, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 141 (study)
1975 van Soden apud Borger, HKL 2 p. 235 (study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 153-155 A.0.102.95 (edition)


96

Shalmaneser3_96.jpg

Elaboration from: Curtis and Grayson, Iraq 44 p. 94 and pl. III: a) BM 131128; b) 1855-12-05, 0025; 1) Reconstructed drawing of BM 131128 by Ann Searight; 2) BM 131128; 3) 1855-12-05, 0025.

Two stone mace heads from Tarbiṣu bear similar inscriptions. Missing portions of the text have been restored from text no. 97.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004701/] of Shalmaneser III 96.

Sources: (1) BM 131128 (1855-12-05, 0024)      (2) 1855-12-05, 0025

Bibliography

1952 Cocquerillat, RA 46 p. 130 n. 5 (ex. 1, study)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 98 (ex. 1, study)
1983 Curtis and Grayson, Iraq 44 pp. 88-94 and pl. IIIa-b (exs. 1-2, photo, copy, edition)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 154 A.0.102.96 (edition)


97

A stone mace head of unknown provenance bears a dedicatory inscription of Shalmaneser to the god Amurru.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004702/] of Shalmaneser III 97.

Source: YBC 02295

Bibliography

1937 Stephens, YOS 9 no. 75 (copy)
1949 Michel, WO 1 p. 264 no. 21 (edition)
1952 Cocquerillat, RA 46 p. 130 n. 5 (edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 97 (study)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 p. 155 A.0.102.97 (edition)


98

This text number was deleted in Grayson, RIMA 3 (p. 155).


99

Shalmaneser3_99.jpg

KAH 2 nos. 101-102

This text, recording works on the wall of Ashur's Inner City, is inscribed on a number of bricks from Ashur.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q004704/] of Shalmaneser III 99.

Sources: (1) Ass 12139      (2) VA Ass 03264d (Ass 10364)      (3) Ass 11317      (4) VA Ass 03262g      (5) VA Ass 03267 (possibly Ass 13425)      (6) VA Ass 03264b (Ass 05751)      (7) VA Ass 03264c (Ass 05862)      (8) VA Ass 04307b      (9) VA Ass 03264a (possibly Ass 02892)      (10) Ass 10741      (11) VA Ass 03271 (possibly Ass 20843)      (12) VA Ass 03273c      (13) Ass 10425      (14) Ass ph 4733 (Ass -)

Bibliography

1913 Andrae, Festungswerke pp. 133, 174, and pls. IC-C (exs. 1, 3, provenance, photo, copy)
1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 nos. 101-102 (exs. 2, 10, copy)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§695 and 698 (ex. 2, translation)
1948 Michel, WO 1 pp. 218-19 nos. 15-16 (exs. 1-3, 10, edition)
1973 Schramm, EAK 2 p. 94 (exs. 1-3, 10, study)
1984 Marzahn and Rost, Ziegeln 1 nos. 292-98, 332, and 405 (exs. 2, 4-12, study)
1985 Rost and Marzahn, VAS 23 nos. 103-107, 118, and 155 (exs. 4-8, 11-12, copy)
1986 Galter, ZA 76 p. 304 (ex. 8, study)
1988 Kessler, BiOr 45 627 (ex. 12, provenance)
1996 Grayson, RIMA 3 pp. 155-156 A.0.102.99 (edition)

Nathan Morello

Nathan Morello, 'Inscriptions, texts nos. 87-99', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2019 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/theassyrianempire883745bc/shalmaneseriii/texts8799/]

 
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