Erība-Adad II

Erība-Adad II (1055-1054 BC) was a son of Aššur-bēl-kala [http:/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/ashurbelkala/index.html] (1073-1056 BC). According to the Assyrian King List [http:/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/assyriankinglist/index.html#Ashurdan] (AKL), in which he appears as the ninetieth ruler of Ashur, he ruled for 2 years and was dethroned by Šamšī-Adad IV [http:/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/shamshiadadiv/index.html] (1053-1050 BC), a son of Tiglath-pileser I [http:/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/tiglathpileseri/index.html] (1114-1076 BC). The Khorsabad exemplar [http:/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/khorsabadlist/index.html] of the AKL erroneously calls Šamšī-Adad IV [http:/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/shamshiadadiv/index.html] a son of [x-x-k]a-bi that has been restored as Ilā-kabkabī, the father of Samsī-Addu (see AKL [http:/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/assyriankinglist/index.html#Forefathers]) I and Aminu (see AKL [http:/riao/kinglists/assyriankinglist/assyriankinglist/index.html#Old Assyrian rulers]) (Talon 1999, 400; Grayson 1986, 112-113).

The royal inscriptions preserved from Erība-Adad II are represented by two fragmentary texts from Nineveh and one from Ashur. A fragmentary literary text BM 98941 [] (King 1914, pls. 15-16) also mentions a certain Erība-Adad II, his appointment to the vice-regency of Ashur and possibly describes his removal from the throne by Šamšī-Adad IV [http:/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/shamshiadadiv/index.html] (Grayson 1991, 113).

[Alexander Kudryavtsev]


Grayson, A. K., Königslisten und Chroniken. B. Akkadisch. In D. O. Edzard (Ed.), Reallexikon der Assyriologie und vorderasiatischen Archäologie (Band 6), pp. 86–135, Berlin, 1986
Grayson, A. K., Assyrian Rulers of the Early First Millennium BC I (1114-859 BC), RIMA 2, University of Toronto, 1991
King, L. W., Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets, &c., in the British Museum, CT 34, London, 1914
Talon, Th., Erība-Adad. In K. Radner (Ed.), The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (Volume 1, Part II: B-G), pp. 400–401, Helsinki, 1999

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This inscription is attested on two fragments of a clay tablet found at Nineveh. They do not form a direct join. They do, however, have similar content, script and type of clay, and may therefore be parts of the same tablet.
The majority of the preserved text contains royal epithets. There are traces of sections recording building activities and the date.

[Alexander Kudryavtsev]

Access the composite text [] of Erība-Adad II 01.

Source: (1) K 02693 (+)? Rm 2, 261


1891 Bezold, Cat. 2 p. 467 (study)
1901-1906 Winckler, AOF 3 p. 248 (copy)
1904-1905 Streck, ZA 18 pp. 151-52 (study)
1909 Schnabel, OLZ 12 54-55 (study)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§344A-B (translation)
1926 Meissner, IAK p. 37 n. 5 (study)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 144-45 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 XC 1 (translation)
1988 Millard, ARRIM 6 pp. 33-34 (copy)


This fragment of an inscription is attested on a piece of clay cone found in the "dump" at Nineveh. It can be quite certainly attributed to Erība-Adad II, based on the royal epithets which appear in the text (see Seux 1967, 92 n. 90; 198; 220).

[Alexander Kudryavtsev]

Access the composite text [] of Erība-Adad II 02.

Source: BM 123467 (1932-12-10, 0410)


1932 Thompson, AAA 19 p. 102 and pl. LXXII no. 101 (copy)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 p. 105 (study)
1967 Seux, ERAS pp. 92 n. 90, 198, and 220 (study)
1968 Lambert and Millard, Cat. p. 27 (study)
1972 Grayson, ARI 1 §§984 and 987 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 XC 3 (study)


This four-word text is inscribed on a stele found at Ashur, in the so-called "row of steles," and it likely belongs to the second Erība-Adad II, rather than the first [] Assyrian king with that name.

[Poppy Tushingham]

Access the composite text [] of Erība-Adad II 03.

Source: VA Ass 01197 (Ass 17819)


1913 Andrae, Stelenreihen p. 41 and pl. XIX no. 27 (photo, copy, edition)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §54 (translation)
1948 J. Lewy, Goldziher Memorial p. 323 n. 44 (study)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 p. 145 (study)
1967 Borger, HKL 1 p. 8 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 C 2 (translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2, pp. 115-6 A.0.90.3 (edition)

Poppy Tushingham & Alexander Kudryavtsev

Poppy Tushingham & Alexander Kudryavtsev, 'Erība-Adad II', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

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