Texts nos. 1-19

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1

BM 091033

BM 091033 (K 01621a + K 13871 + K 16923) © The Trustees of the British Museum.
To enlarge the picture to a fully readable size click on this link [https://cdli.ucla.edu/dl/photo/P393923.jpg] to cdli.
Note, in the red circle, the presence of the Sumerogram SAG (Akk. rēšu "head, beginnning") on the top of the first column, and the isolation (green circle), through space management of the first lines, of the Sumerogram EN (Akk. bēlu "lord").

This is the first example of proper Assyrian "annals," (texts nos. 2-4 being later inscriptions) in which military events are recorded in chronological succession, although not yet dated, with epithet formulae and ruling lines clearly dividing one campaign, or regnal year, from the other. This text can be considered as a final stage in the development of this subgenre of royal inscriptions, which starts with the first examples of military accounts in Adad-narari I's inscriptions and further develops with Tukulti-Ninurta I. It is presumable that this text was composed with the help of individual reports, one for each campaign, although none of such text has been found for the period before Ashurnasirpal II (texts nos. 18-20).
This text is inscribed on many octagonal prisms from Ashur (except for exemplar no. 20). This text is also well known for having been the test-case used during the experiment organized by the Royal Asiatic Society of London to test the stage reached with cuneiform decipherment (see Tiglath-pileser I, general Introduction).

Apart from being the first annalistic royal inscription, this text present some of the new motifs that were introduced by Tiglath- pileser and that will become part of the common practice in later reign (see also Tiglath-pileser I, general Introduction).

The beginning of the text (i 1-14) is an invocation to numerous gods, a new motif that is present also (verbatim) in text no. 2, and that will reappear in later inscriptions of Ashur-bel-kala (text no. 7 [/riao/Q005988/] i 1-11), Adad-narari II (no. 2 [/riao/Q006021/]: 1-4), Tukulti-Ninurta II (no. 2 [/riao/Q006032/]: 1-13), Ashurnasirpal II (nos. 8 (according to Grayson, the inscription is not yet published); 17 [/riao/Q004471/] i 1-10; 19 [/riao/Q004473/]: 1-4; 20 [/riao/Q004474/]; 1-13, and 47 [/riao/Q004501/]: 1-14), and Shalmaneser III (nos. 2 [/riao/Q004607/] i 1-3; 4 [/riao/Q004609/]: 1-12; 6 [/riao/Q004611/] i 1-10; 10 [/riao/Q004615/] i 1-9; 11 [/riao/Q004616/]: 1'-7'; 14 [/riao/Q004619/]: 1-14; 17 [/riao/Q004622/]: 1-3).

Lines i 51-61 have a detailed description of epithets and capacities of the king, which precedes the core of the text, the military campaigns, which covers lines i 62-vi 54. Lines vi-55-84 has another new motif that will become part of the traditional themes in later inscriptions: the hunt (cf. Ashur-bel-kala texts nos. 1 [/riao/Q005982/] rev. 7'-11'; 3 [/riao/Q005984/]: 7'-9'; 7 [/riao/Q005988/] i 1-33; Ashur-dan II text no. 1 [/riao/Q006013/]: 68-72; Adad-narari II text no. 2 [/riao/Q006021/]: 122-127; Tukulti-Ninurta II text no. 5 [/riao/Q006035/]: 134-135; Ashurnasirpal II texts nos. 1 [/riao/Q004455/] iii 48-49; 2 [/riao/Q004456/]: 31-37; 30 [/riao/Q004456/]: 84-101; cf. also with the iconographic motif of the royal hunt in the reliefs of Ashurnasirpal II and Ashurbanipal [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J5iEY4hapMQ]).

Another new motif is the description of the king's concern for the reconstruction and prosperity of his land and people, which appears on lines vi 85-vii 35 of the text. Compare, for example, Ashurnasirpal II texts nos. 28 [/riao/Q004482/] v 7-12; 29 [/riao/Q004483/]: 9'17'; 30 [/riao/Q004456/]: 53-77, in which the work on temples and palaces at Kalḫu reminds Tiglath-pileser's description on works on temples at Ashur. Cf. also the record on the construction works throughout the land in Ashur-dan II text no. 1 [/riao/Q006013/]: 60-64, Adad-narari II text no. 2 [/riao/Q006021/]: 120, Tukulti-Ninurta II text no. 5 [/riao/Q006035/]: 132, ; Ashurnasirpal II text no. 30 [/riao/Q004456/]: 78-83); the ploughing of fields in Ashur-dan II text no. 1 [/riao/Q006013/]: 64-67, Adad-narari II text no. 2 [/riao/Q006021/]: 120-121, Tukulti-Ninurta II text no. 5 [/riao/Q006035/]: 132-133; the gathering of flocks and herds of wild beasts in Ashur-bel-kala (text no. 7 [/riao/Q005988/] iv 1-33, Adad-narari II text no. 2 [/riao/Q006021/]: 122-127, Ashurnasirpal II texts nos. 2 [/riao/Q004456/]: 31-37, and 30 [/riao/Q004456/]: 84-101; the importation and planting of exotic trees in Ashurnasirpal II text no. 30 [/riao/Q004456/]: 36-52; the increasing of chariots and horses in Ashur-dan II text no. 1 [/riao/Q006013/]: 66-67, Adad-narari II text no. 2 [/riao/Q006021/]: 121, and Tukulti-Ninurta II text no. 5 [/riao/Q006035/]: 130-131; Tiglath-pileser's passage, then, ends with the adding of lands and people to Assyria, which is to be found in several later inscriptions, like Tukulti-Ninurta II text no. 5 [/riao/Q006035/]: 133 and Ashurnasirpal II text no. 30 [/riao/Q004456/]: 100-101.

Lines vii 36-59 have, somehow unexpectedly in comparison with usual inscriptions' structure, the king's genealogy (but see Shalmaneser I text no. 1 [/riao/Q005789/] and Tukulti-Ninurta I text no. 1 [/riao/Q005837/])

The building passage (vii 60-viii 49) records the works on the Anu-Adad temple at Ashur, with a brief history of previous works by Tiglath-pileser's ancestors Shamshi-Adad III [/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/belubanidynasty/shamshiadadiii/index.html] and Ashur-dan I [/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/ashurdani/index.html].

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Sources: (1) VA 08255 (Ass 22980)      (2) IM -      (3) BM 091033 (K 01621a + K 13871 + K 16923)      (4) BM 091034 K 01619a + K 01633)      (5) K 01620 + K 13714 (+) K 13781 + K 13788 (+) K 01740 + K 06711 + K 13715 + K 13716 + K 13717 + K 13836 + K 13844 + K 13869 + K 14153 (+) K 01803 (+) K 01804 (+) K 02749 + K 14204 (+) K 06706 (+) K 13882 (+) K 13883 (+) K 14212      (6) K 01622 + K 01623 + K 01624 + K 01627 (+) Rm 0004 (+) K 01625 (+) K 01626 (+) K 01628 + K 01632 (+) K 01629 + K 06707 (+) K 01630 (+) K 06363 + Sm 1889 (+) K 06709 (+) K 06710 (+) K 13646 + 1881-07-27, 0079 (+) Sm 0785 + Rm 2, 093 (+) Rm 0576 (+) 1879-07-08, 0011 (+) K 17665      (7) Ist EȘEM 07890 + VAT 11242      (8) VA 05637 (Ass 01000)      (9) Ass 07428      (10) Ist EȘEM - (Ass 05807 + Ass 06847)      (11) Ist A 00088 (Ass 06816)      (12) Ist EȘEM - (Ass 13181)      (13) Ist A 00078 + Ist A 00101 (Ass 07378a + b + c)      (14) Ist EȘEM - (Ass 07564b)      (15) Ist A 00091 (Ass 07429)      (16) Ist A 00102 (Ass 07588)      (17) Ist A 00109 (Ass 06236)      (18) Ist EȘEM - (Ass 06702)      (19) Ist EȘEM -      (20) BM 099051 (Ki 1904-10-09, 0080)      (21) Ist A 00089 (Ass 07565)      (22) Ist A 00103 (Ass 13265)      (23) Ist A 00090 (Ass 07470a + b)      (24) Ist A 00106 (Ass 07502      (25) VA 07515 (Ass 01793)      (26) Ass 07564a      (27) Ist A 00684 (Ass 05462)      (28) Ass 18431      (29) Ist A 00104 (Ass 05423)      (30) VAT 09616 (Ass 07599a)      (31) Ass 07553 (+) Ass 07553a (+) Ass 07553b      (32) Ass 07599b      (33) Ass 07567      (34) Ist A 00098 (Ass 07278)      (35) Ass 18435a      (36) Ist EȘEM - (Ass 07579)      (37) Ass 07558      (38) Ist A 00638 (Ass 07547)      (39) Ass 00842b      (40) Ass 07562      (41) Ist EȘEM - (Ass 07574)      (42) Ist A 03572 (Ass 15241)     

Bibliography

1853 Layard, Discoveries p. 581 (ex. 3, 4, 5, or 6, provenance)
1861 1 R pls. 9-16 (exs. 3-6, copy)
1861 Fox Talbot, et al., JRAS 18 pp. 150-219 (exs. 3-6, translation)
1893 Winckler, Sammlung 1 pp. 1-25 (exs. 3-4, copy)
1897 Rassam, Asshur p. 20 (exs. 3-6, provenance)
1902 King, AKA pp. 27-108 (exs. 3-6, copy, edition), xliii (ex. 3, photo), and xlvii (ex. 4, photo) (for other early translations see King, AKA p. 27 n. 1)
1904-1906 Streck, ZA 18 pp. 162-82 and ZA 19 p. 260 (exs. 3-6, study)
1909 Andrae, AAT pp. 32-34 (exs. 9-18, 21-24, 26-27, 29-34, 36-41, provenance), pls. XIII-XV (exs. 9-18, 21-24, 26-27, 29-34, 36-41, photo) and XVI (exs. 3-4, photo)
1914 King, Cat. p. 20 no. 116 (ex. 20, study)
1921 Unger, Babylonisches Schrifttum (Leipzig) p. 18 fig. 30 (ex. 1, photo)
1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 160 (exs. 8, 25, 28, 30, 35, study)
1925 Budge, Rise and Progress pl. after p. 100 (ex. 3, photo)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§216-67 (exs. 3-6, translation)
1939 Andrae, Handbuch der Archäologie 6/1 pl. 151 3 (ex. 1, photo)
1955 von Soden, Orientalia NS 24 p. 384 and n. 1 (study)
1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 p. 342 n. 6 (study)
1959 Weidner, Tn. nos. 47, 52, 59, and 69 (partial edition)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 108-34 (study)
1967 Borger, HKL 1 pp. 217-18 (study)
1967 Salvini, Nairi pp. 29 (iv 7-10), 32 (v 29-32), 51-52 (iv 71-83, 96-101, v 22-32), and 81-82 (iv 8-17, 22) (edition)
1968 Ellis, Foundation Deposits pp. 109-10, 113, and 138 (study)
1974-77 Borger, AfO 25 pp. 161-65 (ex. 1, study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 1 (exs. 1, 3-6, 8-18, 20-41, translation)
1977 Andrae, WEA2 p. 187 (ex. 1, photo)
1980 Millard, JAOS 100 p. 369 (ex. 20, provenance)
1981 Anonymous, Iraq 43 pp. 172-73 (ex. 2, provenance)
1982 Behijah Ismail, AfO Beih. 19 p. 199 (ex. 2, provenance)
1984 Donbaz and Grayson, RICCA no. 300 (ex. 42, copy)
1985 Miglus, MDOG 117 p. 29 (ex. 1, provenance)
1985 Russell, Iraq 47 p. 71 (v 44-50, edition)
1986 Pedersén, Archives 2 p. 13 n. 9 (exs. 8, 25, provenance)
1988 Pedersén, OLZ 83 548 (ex. 42, study)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 7-31 A.0.87.1 (edition)


2

Tiglathpileser1_2

K 02804 (+) K 02815 + 1881-02-04, 0220 © The Trustees of the British Museum.
To enlarge the picture to a fully readable size click on this link [https://cdli.ucla.edu/dl/photo/P394684.jpg] to cdli.

Five clay tablet fragments from Ashur and from Nineveh (the exact location remaining unknown for both places) bear this annalistic text, which is different but parallel to other similar inscriptions nos. 11, 3-4, and later than no 1. In none of the exemplars is the building section survived, although in una piece from Nineveh the few preserved parts seem to indicate that the works there described were carried on the same place described in texts nos. 10 and 11.

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Bibliography

1870 3 R pl. 5 nos. 2 and 5 (exs. 1-2, copy)
1893 Winckler, Sammlung 1 pp. 27-28 (exs. 1-2, copy)
1902 King, AKA pp. 116-20 (ex. 2, edition) and 125-26 (ex. 1, edition)
1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 nos. 71a and 160 (ex. 3, vars.)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§317-22 (exs. 1-2, translation)
1926-27 Luckenbill, AJSL 43 p. 222 (ex. 2, study)
1957-58 Weidner and Köcher, AfO 18 pp. 359-60 and pl. 30 ('Text III') (exs. 1-4, copy, edition)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 109-10 and 114-16 ('Tontafel A') (exs. 1-5, study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 2 (exs. 1-5, translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 31-35 A.0.87.2 (edition)


3

Tiglathpileser1_3

KAH 2 no. 68

Several clay tablets from Ashur bear a text of annalistic type, similar to texts no. 2 and 4. This version of the annals contains campaigns that occurred after those described in texts nos. 1 and 2, and is therefore dated to a later period. The building section records works on the wall of Ashur.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005928/] of Tiglath-pileser I 03.

Sources: (1) Private Collection      (2) VAT 09360 (Ass 21105a)      (3) VAT 09422 (Ass 04463o)      (4) VAT 13564 (Ass 21105b)      (5) VAT 13565 (Ass 21105c)      (6) VAT 09624 (Ass 08193)      (7) Scheil, RT 22 p. 157

Bibliography

1900 Scheil, RT 22 p. 157 (ex. 7, copy)
1901-1906 Winckler, AOF 3 p. 247 (ex. 7, copy)
1904-1905 Streck, ZA 18 p. 186 (ex. 7, study)
1917 Olmstead, JAOS 37 p. 171 (ex. 7, study)
1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 68 (exs. 2-6, copy)
1925 Schötz, JSOR 9 pp. 105-109 (exs. 2-7, edition)
1926 Schroeder, JSOR 10 pp. 290-92 (exs. 2-7, study)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§299-303 (exs. 2-7, translation)
1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 pp. 343-47 ('Text I') (exs. 1-7, photo, edition)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 110 and 116-18 ('Tontafel B') (exs. 1-7, study)
1968 Ellis, Foundation Deposits pp. 100 and 192 (exs. 1-7, study)
1967 Salvini, Nairi pp. 53-54 (lines 6-11 edition)
1969 Oppenheim, ANET3 pp. 274-75 (translation)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 3 (exs. 1-7, translation)
1982 Miglus, ZA 72 p. 269 (study)
1984 Borger, TUAT 1/4 pp. 356-57 (lines 16-35, translation)
1985 Pedersén, Archives 1 p. 81 (exs. 2, 4-5, provenance)
1985 Russell, Iraq 47 p. 71 (lines 29-35, edition)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 35-38 A.0.87.3 (edition)


4

Tiglathpileser1_4

Donbaz, ARRIM 8 p. 3

Numerous exemplars from Ashur (many clay tablet fragments, three stone tablets, one clay prism fragment) bear the following inscriptions, which includes a summary of Tiglath-pileser's campaigns, with the first record of the conquest of Babylonia (lines 37-40 and 44-51) – which makes the text later than nos. 1-3 – and with a very peculiar building section. Lines 52-66 (cf. text no. 7 v 4-6) describes the work on the" house of the šaḫūru" and the "house of the labūnu"; the next passage (lines 67-71) describes the crafting of animal figurines and their setting at the entrance of the palace (cf. text no. 17, but also Ashur-bel-kala text no. 11). Then a record is given on the construction of a "palace of weapons" beside the palace (lines 72-76; cf. text no. 8 and 29), and (lines 77-89) of a "cedar palace," called Egallugalšarrakurkurra (cf. text no. 7).
The text is known for being of great difficulty, for which see RIMA 2, p. 40 with previous bibliography.

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Bibliography

1893-97 Winckler, AOF 1 pp. 387-89 (ex. 25, edition)
1904 Andrae, MDOG 22 p. 20 (ex. 20, provenance)
1911 Andrae, MDOG 47 p. 34 (ex. 12, provenance)
1922 BM Guide p. 66 (ex. 12, study)
1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 nos. 63, 66, 69, 71, 71a, and 73 (exs. 1-3, 6-8, 11-13, 18, 21-24, copy)
1925 Schötz, JSOR 9 pp. 106-109 (edition)
1926 Schroeder, JSOR 10 pp. 287-92 (edition)
1926 Meissner, IAK pp. 30-31 n. 2 (edition)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§272-312, (translation)
1926-27 Luckenbill, AJSL 43 pp. 221-22 (study)
1934 Landsberger, Fauna pp. 142-43 (study)
1957-58 Weidner and Köcher, AfO 18 pp. 347-59 and pls. XXVI-XXIX ('Text II') (exs. 1-24, copy, edition)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 110, 118-20, and 131-33 ('Tontafel') (exs. 1-25, study)
1967 Salvini, Nairi pp. 53-83 (study)
1968 Ellis, Foundation Deposits pp. 100 and 192 (exs. 1-24, study)
1969 van Driel, Aššur pp. 110 and 166 (study)
1969 Oppenheim, ANET3 p. 275 (translation)
1975 Grayson, Chronicles pp. 247-48 (exs. 1-25, study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 4 (exs. 1-25, translation)
1984 Borger, TUAT 1/4 p. 357 (lines 24-36, translation)
1984 Postgate, Sumer 40 pp. 155-56 (lines 37-40, edition)
1985 Russell, Iraq 47 p. 71 (lines 41-43, edition)
1985-86 Pedersén, Archives 1 p. 39 no. 22 (ex. 11); 2 p. 13 n. 9 (ex. 8), p. 21 no. 32 (ex. 9), p. 24 no. 94 (ex. 23), and p. 76 (ex. 14) (provenance)
1986 Miglus, MDOG 118 pp. 209-10 (study)
1988 Finkel, ARRIM 6 pp. 13-14 (ex. 26, copy)
1990 Donbaz, ARRIM 8 p. 3 (exs. 5, 10, 19, copy)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 38-45 A.0.87.4 (edition)


5

Tiglathpileser1_5

KAH 2 no. 67

Only part of the reverse is preserved from this text on clay tablet, which is very similar to text no. 4, although not identical. The survived part contains a building section describing the works on the palace of Ashur. Like the building passage of text no. 4, this text is written in Assyrian dialect.

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Source: VAT 09540 (Ass 18723)

Bibliography

1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 67 (copy)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§291 and 298 (translation)
1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 p. 342 n. 7 (study)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 130 and 132 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 5 (translation)
1986 Pedersén, Archives 2 p. 28 no. 152 (provenance)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 46-47 A.0.87.5 (edition)


6

Tiglathpileser1_6

KAH 2 no. 70

A small fragment of a clay tablet from the city area of Ashur bears the beginning of a Tiglath-pileser's inscription which clearly differs – although so little of it is preserved – from the other edited here.

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Bibliography

1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 70 (copy)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§327 and 336 (translation)
1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 p. 342 n. 7 (study)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 122-24 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 6 (translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 47 A.0.87.6 (edition)


7

Tiglathpileser1_7

Donbaz, ARRIM 8 p. 3

A small piece of a clay tablet (4.9 × 4+ cm) discovered at Ashur (no specific provenance known) is inscribed with an inscription of Tiglath-pileser I recording his conquest of Babylon; the campaign is described in a different manner from those included in text nos. 4 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005929/] (lines 46-51) and 10 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005935/] (lines 47-53).

Although the tablet is very fragmentary, an identification with Tiglath-pileser I is supported by parallels between the aforementioned texts, by the distinctive forms of the signs (the "Tiglath pileser I" script), and by the texture of clay, typical of this suzerain's reign, which consists of an ivory white centre covered with a red slip (see introduction [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/tiglathpileseri/index.html] to this reign).

[Poppy Tushingham]

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Source: Ist A 00635 (Ass 17861)

Bibliography

1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 p. 359 n. 25 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 7 (study)
1990 Donbaz, ARRIM 8 p. 3 (copy)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 47-48 A.0.87.7 (edition)


8

Tiglathpileser1_8

ARRIM 8 p. 4

This text has been reconstructed joining together different clay tablet fragments found at Ashur (specific provenance unknown). The remaining inscription records the creation of animal figurines (cf. text no. 4) and of other decorative elements of the palace.

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Source: Ist A 00646 + Ist A 00661 + Ist A 02512 (Ass 17874a + Ass 17874b + Ass 17874c (+) Ass 17874d)

Bibliography

1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 p. 359 n. 25 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 8 (study)
1990 Donbaz, ARRIM 8 p. 4 (copy)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 48-49 A.0.87.8 (edition)


9

Tiglathpileser1_9

KAH 2 no. 72

A clay tablet from the city area of Ashur bears what is presumably a Tiglath-pileser's inscription; the presence of the toponym Adauš, attested almost exclusively in the inscriptions of this king, remains the strongest indicator in such sense.

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Bibliography

1922 Schroeder, KAH 2 no. 72 (copy)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§327 and 335 (translation)
1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 p. 342 (study)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 p. 121 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 9 (translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 49-50 A.0.87.9 (edition)


10

Tiglathpileser1_10

Sm 1874 © The Trustees of the British Museum.
To enlarge the picture to a fully readable size click on this link [https://cdli.ucla.edu/dl/photo/P426152.jpg] to cdli.

Clay tablets from Nineveh are inscribed with this text, which has an introduction very similar to the one in text no. 4, followed by the record of works carried out at the city wall of Nineveh and on a garden and canal in the city, as well as a palace beside the Ištar temple.

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Sources: (1) BM 122622 + BM 122623 + BM 123361 (1930-05-08, 0011 + 1930-05-08, 0012 + 1932-12-10, 0304)      (2) Sm 1874      (3) K 02805      (4) BM 122632 (1930-05-08, 0021)      (5) BM 121067 (1929-10-12, 0063)      (6) BM 134564 (1932-12-12, 0559)      (7) 1879-07-08, 0280      (8) Bu 1889-04-26, 0028

Bibliography

1870 3 R pl. 5 no. 1 (ex. 3, copy)
1893 Winckler, Sammlung 1 p. 26 (ex. 3, copy)
1896 Bezold, Cat. 4 pp. 1722 and 1919 (exs. 7-8, study)
1898 Winckler, OLZ 1 76-77 (exs. 7-8, study)
1902 King, AKA pp. 109-13 (exs. 2-3, copy, edition) and 125-26 n. 3 (exs. 7-8, study)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§272-81 (ex. 3, translation)
1931 Thompson, AAA 18 pp. 84-86 (ex. 1?, provenance)
1957-58 Weidner and Köcher, AfO 18 pp. 347-59 (exs. 1-3, edition)
1959-60 Weidner and Köcher, AfO 19 pp. 141-43 and pls. XXVIII-XXX (ex. 1, copy, edition)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 110-33 (exs. 1-3, study)
1968 Ellis, Foundation Deposits pp. 100 and 192 (exs. 1-3, study)
1968 Lambert and Millard, Cat. pp. 7, 14-15, and 78 (exs. 1, 4-6, study)
1970 Millard, Iraq 32 pp. 167-68, 171, and pls. XXXV-XXXVI (exs. 4-6, copy)
1972 Grayson, ARI 1 p. 156 (ex. 6, study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 4, 10, and 14 (exs. 1-6, translation) and p. 1 n. 8 (exs. 7-8, study)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 50-56 A.0.87.10 (edition)


11

This text has an introduction identical to text no. 10, followed by a building section concerning works on a palace at Nineveh (possibly the same one described in text no. 10), where the broken tablet on which this text is inscribed was discovered.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005936/] of Tiglath-pileser I 11.

Source: Sm 1874

Bibliography

1902 King, AKA pp. 113-16 (copy, edition)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 132-33 ('Tontafel C Ex. B') (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 11 (translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 56-57 A.0.87.11 (edition)


12

Tiglathpileser1_12

K 02807 © The Trustees of the British Museum.
To enlarge the picture to a fully readable size click on this link [https://cdli.ucla.edu/dl/photo/P394687.jpg] to cdli.

Two clay tablet fragments from Nineveh bear a broken text describing some military campaigns otherwise unknown, and some works on the Ištar temple, with a brief mention of previous works on the same building – including Samsi-Addu I [/riao/fromsamsiaddutomittanicilent18081364bc/samsiaddudynasty/samsiaddui/index.html], Ashur-uballit I [/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/ashuruballiti/index.html], and Shalmaneser I [/riao/thekingdomofassyria13631115bc/shalmaneseri/index.html].

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005937/] of Tiglath-pileser I 12.

Sources: (1) K 02807      (2) Bu 1891-05-09, 0196

Bibliography

1893 Winckler, Sammlung 1 p. 29 (ex. 1, copy)
1898 Winckler, OLZ 1 108 (ex. 1, study, correct 'K 2804' to 'K 2807')
1901-1906 Winckler, AOF 3 p. 246 (ex. 2, copy)
1902 King, AKA pp. 121-25 (exs. 1-2, edition)
1904-1905 Streck, ZA 18 pp. 182-86 (exs. 1-2, study)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§317 and 323-26 (exs. 1-2, translation)
1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 p. 342 (exs. 1-2, study)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 120-21 (exs. 1-2, study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 12 (exs. 1-2, translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 57-59 A.0.87.12 (edition)


13

Tiglathpileser1_13

BM 122630 © The Trustees of the British Museum.
To enlarge the picture to a fully readable size click on this link [https://cdli.ucla.edu/dl/photo/P422414.jpg] to cdli.

A clay tablet fragment from Nineveh bears a broken inscription with the description of three campaigns, all of which are slightly different version of the same accounts in other texts.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005938/] of Tiglath-pileser I 13.

Source: BM 122630 (1930-05-08, 0019)

Bibliography

1968 Lambert and Millard, Cat. p. 14 (study)
1970 Millard, Iraq 32 pl. XXXIV and p. 168 (copy, study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 13 (translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 59-60 A.0.87.13 (edition)


14

A piece of stone octagonal prism (13.5 × 8.3 cm) discovered at Nineveh and containing a fragmentary text. The prism bears the name of Tiglath-pileser, although it is unclear to which particular king of that name it refers. As such, identification with Tiglath-pileser I is not certain. As it is currently not possible to locate the fragment, one must rely on Thompson's edition, who gives its provenance at the Ishtar temple as Q.O.

[Poppy Tushingham]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005939/] of Tiglath-pileser I 14.

Sourcs: AAA 19 no. 270

Bibliography

1932 Thompson, AAA 19 p. 107 and pl. LXXXIII no. 270 (copy, edition)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 p. 111 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 15 (translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 60 A.0.87.14 (edition)


15

Shalmaneser3_21.jpg

Elaboration from: Entrance of the Tigris tunnel, Shalmaneser III's Balawat Gates (see this ruler's text (no. 63-64), and portrait of Tiglath-pileser I: King, Bronze reliefs (1915) pl. 54-9, and Börker-Klähn, Bildstelen no. 149.

At the source of Tigris, in the point where the river Subnat emerges from the tunnel, one finds a rock relief of Tiglath-pileser I, flanked by one engraved a couple of hundreds of years later by Shalamaneser III (text no. 21). The inscription commemorates the success of the third campaign against the Land of Nairi.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005940/] of Tiglath-pileser I 15.

Source: King, AKA p. 127 n. 1

Bibliography

1902 King, AKA p. 127 n. 1 (edition and citation of older literature)
1906 Lehmann-Haupt, Mat. pp. 16-18 no. 7 (photo, edition)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§268 and 271 (translation)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 132-33 (study)
1964-66 Michel, WO 3 p. 149 (study)
1969 Oppenheim, ANET3 p. 275 (translation)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 16 (translation)
1981 Hawkins (apud Reade) in Fales, ARIN pl. 1 (photo)
1982 Börker-Klähn, Bildstelen no. 130 (photo, study)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 61 A.0.87.15 (edition)


16

A rock face at Yoncali, in the Melazzert region, north of Lake Van, the core of the Land of Nairi, commemorates a successful campaign in the region and in Ḫabḫu.

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005941/] of Tiglath-pileser I 16.

Source: Lehmann-Haupt, Mat. pp. 15–16 no. 6

Bibliography

1906 Lehmann-Haupt, Mat. pp. 15-16 no. 6 (photo, edition, citation of older literature)
1926 Luckenbill, ARAB 1 §§268-70 (translation)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 132-33 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 17 (translation)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 61-62 A.0.87.16 (edition)


17

Although the current location of the group of texts nos. 17, 18, 19 and 20 is unknown, they were discovered at the entrance to Tiglath-pileser I's palace in 1905 (according to Andrae). They are some of the many stone fragments of small sculptures and slabs, which bore inscriptions containing the name of that monarch that Andrae reportedly found there. As such, they could well be the exotic creatures that Tiglath-pileser's texts describe being set up at the entrance of the palace (see introduction to text no. 4).

Andrae claimed to have identified four separate texts from these various fragments, although he only gives a description and translation of one of them. From this, Weidner created a hypothetical transliteration of the inscription which was then used by Grayson and is presented here. It is important to bear in mind that this reconstruction is very uncertain, both in terms of form and detail. The remaining fragments are then grouped together as texts nos. 18-20.

[Poppy Tushingham]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005942/] of Tiglath-pileser I 17.

Sources: (1) Ass 04106      (2) Ass 04184l–m      (3) Ass 04211a      (4) Ass 12694      (5) Ass 12722

Bibliography

1905 Andrae, MDOG 26 pp. 52-53 and 55-56 (edition)
1955 Preusser, Paläste p. 18 and n. 68 (study)
1957-58 Weidner, AfO 18 pp. 357-58 (edition)
1961 Borger, EAK 1 pp. 132-33 (study)
1976 Grayson, ARI 2 LXXXVII 18 (translation)
1977 Andrae, WEA2 p. 192 (study)
1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 pp. 62-63 A.0.87.17 (edition)


18

As explained in the introduction to text no. 17, Andrae identified four distinct texts on the many fragments of inscribed stone that were discovered in 1905 near the entrance to the palace of Tiglath-pileser I at Ashur. Text no. 17 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005942/] represents one of these and the rest are discussed here, although no edition will be given as the objects were not available for study and -- unlike text no. 17 -- none of them were ever published. Therefore all that is possible is briefly to summarise Andrae's comments. One of the texts has [Aššur-S]AG-i-ši written in the third line. A second text was only two lines long and reportedly referred to the "Cedar Palace", and the third had in the last line NA4.AD.BAR DÙ(?)-uš ina né-r[i-bī] MAN(?)-ti-ia 'I made (replicas in) basalt (... I stationed them on the right and left) of my royal entrance.' Cf. Text no. 4 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005929/] lines 70-71.

[Poppy Tushingham]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005943/] of Tiglath-pileser I 18.

Sources: (1) Ass 04140      (2) Ass 04150      (3) Ass 04151b      (4) Ass 04184      (5) Ass 04184n      (6) Ass 04184t      (7) Ass 04193      (8) Ass 04193v      (9) Ass 04199a      (10) Ass 04211      (11) Ass 04212b      (12) Ass 04233      (13) Ass 04236      (14) Ass 04236a      (15) Ass 04279a      (16) Ass 04292g      (17) Ass 12614      (18) Ass 12719

Bibliography

1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 p. 63 A.0.87.18 (edition)


19

Please refer to the introduction to text no. 18.

[Poppy Tushingham]

Access the composite text [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/Q005944/] of Tiglath-pileser I 19.

Sources: (1) Ass 04140      (2) Ass 04150      (3) Ass 04151b      (4) Ass 04184      (5) Ass 04184n      (6) Ass 04184t      (7) Ass 04193      (8) Ass 04193v      (9) Ass 04199a      (10) Ass 04211      (11) Ass 04212b      (12) Ass 04233      (13) Ass 04236      (14) Ass 04236a      (15) Ass 04279a      (16) Ass 04292g      (17) Ass 12614      (18) Ass 12719

Bibliography

1991 Grayson, RIMA 2 p. 63 A.0.87.19 (study)

Nathan Morello, Jamie Novotny & Poppy Tushingham

Nathan Morello, Jamie Novotny & Poppy Tushingham, 'Texts nos. 1-19', The Royal Inscriptions of Assyria online (RIAo) Project, The RIAo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/riao/thekingdomofassyria1114884bc/tiglathpileseri/texts119/]

 
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