About the Project

Ishtar Gate Ruins

This long term open-access project intends to present up-to-date editions of all of the known Akkadian and Sumerian royal inscriptions of the rulers of Babylonia from 1157 BC to 64 BC. In addition, it plans to carry on with the work started by the now-defunct Toronto-based Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia (RIM) Project and to collaborate with the still-active Philadelphia-based Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period (RINAP) Project [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/].

The contents of some of its sub-projects (see below) have been adapted from or are based on the following scholarly publications in particular:

(1) Grant Frame, Rulers of Babylonia: From the Second Dynasty of Isin to the End of Assyrian Domination (1157-612 BC) (The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia, Babylonian Periods 2; hereafter RIMB 2), Toronto et al.: University of Toronto Press [http://www.utppublishing.com/Rulers-of-Babylonia-Rimb-2.html], 1995;
(2) Rocío Da Riva, "The Nebuchadnezzar Rock Inscription at Nahr el-Kalb," in: A.-M. Maïla-Afeiche (ed.), Le site de Nahr el-Kalb (Bulletin d'Archéologie et d'Architecture Libanaises, Hors-Série 5), Beirut: Ministère de la Culture: Direction Générale des Antiquités, 2009;
(3) Rocío Da Riva, The Twin Inscriptions of Nebuchadnezzar at Brisa (Wadi esh-Sharbin, Lebanon): A Historical and Philological Study (Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 32), Vienna: Institut für Orientalistik der Universität Wien, 2012;
(4) Rocío Da Riva, The Inscriptions of Nabopolassar, Amel-Marduk and Neriglissar (Studies in Ancient Near Eastern Records 3), Boston: de Gruyter, 2013; and
(5) Hanspeter Schaudig, Die Inschriften Nabonids von Babylon und Kyros' des Großen samt den in ihrem Umfeld entstandenen Tendenzschriften. Textausgabe und Grammatik (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 256), Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2001.

In addition, the editions of the inscriptions of Nebuchadnezzar II are largely based on unpublished material kindly contributed by Frame and Da Riva.

The corpus of over 400 Babylonian royal inscriptions written in Akkadian and/or Sumerian included on RIBo is divided into several sub-projects, generally by dynasty or period. The "dynastic" numbering follows that of the RIMB (Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia, Babylonian Periods) publications of the now-defunct RIM Project. These are:

In addition, there will be at least a further three sub-projects on RIBo:

In addition, it is possible that RIBo may eventually include some inscriptions of earlier Mesopotamian rulers. These would be:

Note that the editions of the inscriptions of the rulers of the Middle Euphrates kingdom of Sūḫu included in G. Frame's RIMB 2 are not included on RIBo. These appear under the "Inscriptions of Suhu online Project" [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/suhu/] of the LMU Munich-based OIMEA Project.

Sponsors and timing

This website was created as part of the research project Official Inscriptions of the Middle East in Antiquity (OIMEA), whose funding is provided by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (through the establishment of the Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East [http://www.ag.geschichte.uni-muenchen.de/lehrstuehle/ls_radner/index.html]) and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Historisches Seminar - Abteilung Alte Geschichte). The project began in late 2015 and Phase 1 of the website was made available in early 2016. This work included: (1) Making annotated (lemmatized) editions of the inscriptions published in Frame, Rulers of Babylonia: From the Second Dynasty of Isin to the End of Assyrian Domination (1157-612 BC) (RIMB 2) and Da Riva, The Inscriptions of Nabopolassar, Amel-Marduk and Neriglissar, as well as the "Cyrus Cylinder" and the "Antiochus (Borsippa) Cylinder" available; and (2) creating numerous informational portal pages on Babylonian rulers and their inscriptions, as well as on various Babylonian King Lists. In 2017, we intend to expand our content by: (1) adding additional informational pages to the "Babylon 6" sub-project; and (2) making available lemmatized editions of the entire corpus of inscriptions of Nabonidus and selected texts of Nebuchadnezzar II. The RIBo Project is intended to be a long-term endeavor since there is much work to do and finish before we have reached our primary objects. Please be patient with us as we expand, improve, and refine our content.

Project team

OIMEA Editorial Board

OIMEA Advisory Committee

RIBo Contributors

Credits and Copyright

The contents of this website, except where noted below, are the intellectual property of the OIMEA Project. They are released under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/] license.

This means that you are free to copy, distribute, transmit, and adapt our work without permission, under the following conditions:

Any of these conditions may be waived in the right circumstances, if you explicitly ask us for permission.

Read our hints and suggestions for reusing material from Oracc [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/doc/help/visitingoracc/reusingoracc/index.html]. For information on how to cite Oracc URLs online and in print, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/doc/help/visitingoracc/citingurls/index.html].

Jamie Novotny

Jamie Novotny, 'About the Project', The Royal Inscriptions of Babylonia online (RIBo) Project, The RIBo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/abouttheproject/]

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© RIBo, 2015-. RIBo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/] license, 2007-17.
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