People, Gods & Places

These are the names that appear in the inscriptions. Unless otherwise noted, all of the names are of Akkadian or Sumerian origin. The forms of the names match those found in the project's QPN Glossary and, therefore, always appear without long vowels and usually according to their ancient (not modern) name.

 A   B   C   D   E   F   G   Ŋ   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   Ṣ   Š   T   Ṭ   U   V   W   X   Y   Z   ~ 

A

Adad (deity)
Weather god, of storms and beneficial rains (Sum. Iškur PGP ). For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/ikur/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Adad-apla-iddina (person)
"Adad has given an heir"; king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1068-1047 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/adadaplaiddina/index.html] essentials page.
Adad-šuma-uṣur (person)
"O Adad, protect the name!"; an exorcist of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/neoassyrianhistoryoverview/esarhaddon680669bc/index.html], father of Urad-Gula PGP .
Akkad (place)
An ancient name for northern Babylonia.
Amurru (place)
An ancient name for the land west of the river Tigris.
An(u) (deity)
The sky-god, worshipped especially in Uruk. For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/an/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Anšar (deity)
Primordial god. For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/anarandkiar/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Anunnaku (deity)
A collective name for the gods of the netherworld. For further details, see this group of gods' [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/anunna/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Asari (deity)
A variant name for the god Marduk PGP .
AŠimbabbara (deity)
A variant name for the moon-god PGP .
Aššur (place)
An Assyrian city on the river Tigris, the original capital and ancestral home of the Assyrian royal family and many Assyrian nobles, now Qalat Sherqat.
Aššur-ahu-iddina (person)
"Aššur has given a brother" (= Esarhaddon); king of Assyria PGP  (r. 680-669 BC). For further details, see the RINAP 4 sub-project [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/neoassyrianhistoryoverview/esarhaddon680669bc/index.html] of the Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period (RINAP) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/index.html] project.

B

Babilayu (people)
"Babylonian"; the people of Babylonia (modern southern Iraq).
Babili (place)
Ancient Babylon, the most important city of Babylonia, near the modern city of Hilla.
Babilim (place)
See Babylon PGP .
Badsiabba (place)
A variant writing for Borsippa PGP .
Barsipa (place)
Borsippa, a Babylonian city southwest of Babylon PGP ; now Birs Nimrud.
Bel (deity)
"Lord"; a name of Marduk PGP .
Binduku (deity)
"Son of Duku ('Pure Mound')"; a variant name of the god Marduk PGP .
Bit-Karziabku (place)
Settlement in the (eastern) Babylonian province of Namar.

D

Dagan (deity)
A grain god from the eastern Mediterranean, also known as Dagon or Daguna. For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/dagan/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Der (place)
A city in northeastern Babylonia, now Tell Aqar.
Dumuduku (deity)
"Son of Duku ('Pure Mound')"; a variant name of the god Marduk PGP .
Duranki (place)
"Bond of Heaven and Earth"; another name for Nippur PGP .

E

Ebabbar (place)
"Shining House"; the temple of the sun-god PGP  at Sippar PGP .
Egalmah (place)
"Exalted Palace"; the temple of Gula PGP  at Isin.
Eganunmah (place)
"House, Exalted Storehouse"; treasury of the moon-god PGP  at Ur PGP .
Ekišnugal (place)
The temple of the moon-god PGP  at Ur PGP .
Ekitušhegaltila (place)
"House, Abode of Life-Giving Abundance"; the temple of the storm-god PGP  at Babylon PGP .
Elam (place)
Empire in the east of Babylonia (modern Iran).
Elamtu (place)
Akkadian name for Elam PGP .
Elamu (people)
"Elamite"; people of Elam PGP .
Emeteursaga (place)
"House, Worthy of the Hero"; a cella of Zababa PGP  in his sanctuary at Kiš.
EN.DIŠ.DIŠ (deity)
Unknown (name of a) deity.
Enamhe (place)
"House of Plenty"; temple of the storm-god PGP  at Babylon PGP .
Enlil (deity)
Head of the Sumerian pantheon and one of the most important gods in Neo-Babylonian times. For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/enlil/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Enlil-nadin-ahi (person)
"Enlil (is) giver of a brother"; king of Babylon, last king of the Kassite Dynasty.
Enlil-nadin-apli (person)
"Enlil (is) giver of an heir"; king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1103-1000 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/enlilnadinapli/index.html] essentials page.
Enmeduranki (person)
A mythical king of Sippar.
Eridu(g) (place)
A district of Babylon PGP .
Erra (deity)
God of famine and pestilence. For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/erra/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Eru(a) (deity)
A goddess; consort of Marduk PGP  and mother of Nabu PGP .
Esagil (place)
"House Whose Top is High"; the temple of Marduk PGP  at Babylon PGP .
Ešguzida (place)
A variant name for Esagil, the temple of Marduk PGP  at Babylon PGP .
Ezida (place)
"True House"; the temple of Nabu PGP  at Borsippa PGP .

G

Gula (deity)
Sumerian "Great One"; goddess of healing, identified with the Goat Star (Lyra). For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/gulaninkarrak/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].

H

Hulteludiš (person)
King of Elam PGP ; defeated by Nebuchadnezzar I PGP .
Huṣabu (person)
Ancestor of Nabu-šumu-lišir PGP .

I

Igigi (deity)
A collective name for the gods of heaven. For further details, see this group of gods' [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/igigi/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Imgur-Enlil (place)
"The God Enlil Showed Favor"; the great, inner wall of Babylon PGP .
Inana (deity)
Sumerian name for Ištar PGP .
Innina (deity)
Variant writing of Inana PGP ?
Iškur (deity)
Sumerian name for the weather god PGP .
Ištar (deity)
Goddess of war, love and beauty who was worshipped in many Assyrian and Babylonian cities (Sum. Inana PGP ). For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/inanaitar/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Itti-Marduk-balaṭu (person)
"With Marduk (there is) life"; king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1139-1132 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/ittimardukbalatu/index.html] essentials page.

K

Kandalanu (person)
King of Babylon (r. 647-627 BC).
Kar-Dur-Apil-Sin (place)
A Babylonian town.
Kaššu (people)
Ancient name of a group of people (the Kassites) whose rulers gained control over Babylonia in the second half of the second millennium BC (that is, the "Kassite Dynasty").
Kasulim (place)
"Gate of Radiance"; a cella of Marduk PGP  in his temple Esagil PGP  at Babylon PGP .
Kiʾengir (place)
Sumerian name for Sumer PGP .
Kudur-nanhundi (person)
The King of Elam PGP  who defeated Babylonia at the end of the Kassite Dynasty, plundered it, and carried off a statue of its city-god Marduk PGP  to Susa.

L

Lugaldimmeranki (deity)
A variant name for Marduk PGP .
Lullubu (place)
Ancient name of a land and its people in the Zagros mountains.

M

Marduk (deity)
The supreme god of Babylon PGP , where he was worshipped at the temple Esagil PGP ; father of the god Nabu PGP  and consort of the goddess Zarpanitu. For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/marduk/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Marduk-kabit-ahhešu (person)
"Marduk PGP  (is) (the most?) important among his brothers"; king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1157-1140 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/mardukkabitahheshu/index.html] essentials page.
Marduk-nadin-ahhe (person)
"Marduk PGP  (is) giver of brothers"; king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1099-1082 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/marduknadinahhe/index.html] essentials page.
Marduk-šapik-zeri (person)
"Marduk PGP  (is) the outpourer of seed"; king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1081-1069 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/mardukshapikzeri/index.html] essentials page.
Mudugasa (deity)
A variant name for the god Nabu PGP .

N

Nabu (deity)
God of wisdom and patron of scribes, son of Babylon's tutelary god Marduk PGP . For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/nabu/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Nabu-kudurri-uṣur (person)
"O Nabu PGP , protect my offspring!" (= Nebuchadnezzar I); king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1125-1104 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/nebuchadnezzari/index.html] essentials page.
Nabu-šumu-libur (person)
"O Nabu PGP , may (my) progeny stay in good health!"; king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1033-1026 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/nabushumulibur/index.html] essentials page.
Nabu-šumu-lišir (person)
"O Nabu PGP , may the name prosper!"; scribe in the reign of Kandalanu PGP , son of Huṣabu PGP .
Namtar (deity)
"Fate"; a god of the netherworld.
Nanna (deity)
Sumerian name for the moon-god PGP .
Nannaru (deity)
The moon-god; the moon (cf. also AŠimbabbara PGP , Nanna PGP , Suen PGP , Usakar PGP ). For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/nannasuen/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Napsameni (person)
Overseer of the diviners and nêšakku-official of the god Enlil PGP  under the reign of Marduk-šapik-zeri PGP .
Nemed-Marduk
"Bulwark of the God Marduk PGP "; the outer wall of Nippur PGP .
Ninisina (deity)
Patron deity of the city of Isin; goddess of healing (cf. also Gula PGP ). For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/ninisinna/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Ninlil (deity)
Wife of the god Enlil PGP . For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/ninlil/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Ninurta-nadin-šumi (person)
"Ninurta (is) giver of progeny"; king of Babylon PGP  (r. 1131-1126 BC). For further details, see this ruler's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/babylon2/rulers/ninurtanadinshumi/index.html] essentials page.
Nippur (place)
A city of central Babylonia, near modern Nuffar.
Nungal (deity)
A Sumerian writing for the Igigi-gods PGP .

P

Purattu (place)
An ancient name for the Euphrates River.

S

Sippar (place)
A northern Babylonian city, now Abu Habba.
Suen (deity)
Sumerian name for the moon-god PGP .
Sumer (place)
An ancient name for the south of Babylonia.

Š

Šamaš (deity)
The sun-god; god of justice; the sun (Sum. Utu PGP ). For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/utu/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Šamaš-killanni (person)
A servant of Marduk-nadin-ahhe PGP .
Šazu (deity)
A variant name of the god Marduk PGP .
Šitti-Marduk (person)
Chief of Bit-Karziabku PGP , who helped Nebuchadnezzar I PGP  to defeat the Elamites PGP .
Šuanna (place)
A district of Babylon PGP  located north of the Uraš Gate and south of Esagil PGP  and Etemenanki.
Šuzianna (deity)
A goddess, sister of the god Anšar PGP .

T

Tašmetu (deity)
The consort of Nabu PGP , the god of wisdom.
Tintir (place)
A district of Babylon PGP .

U

Ulaya (place)
Name of a river in Elam, possibly the Karhe.
Unumah (place)
"Exalted Seat"; part of the Ekur-temple at Nippur PGP .
Uqnu (place)
Name of a river in the border region between Babylonia and Elam, possibly the Karun.
Urad-Gula (person)
Son of Adad-šuma-uṣur PGP ; an exorcist of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/neoassyrianhistoryoverview/esarhaddon680669bc/index.html].
Uri (place)
Sumerian name for Akkad PGP .
Urim (place)
Sumerian name for Ur PGP .
Uru (place)
Ur: A city in southern Babylonia, now Tell Muqayyar.
Usakar (deity)
A variant (Sumerian) name for the moon-god PGP .
Utu (deity)
Sumerian name for the sun-god PGP .

X

X-annigal (deity)
A variant name for Marduk PGP .

Z

Zababa (deity)
Patron deity of Kiš, a warrior god. For further details, see this deity's [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/zababa/index.html] essentials page on Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/].
Zababa-šuma-iddina (person)
"Zababa has given progeny"; king of Babylon (r. 1158), second-last ruler of the Kassite Dynasty.
Zimbir (place)
Sumerian name for Sippar PGP .

Alexa Bartelmus

Alexa Bartelmus, 'People, Gods & Places', RIBo, Babylon 2: The Inscriptions of the Second Dynasty of Isin, The RIBo Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2016 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/ribo/peoplegodsplaces/]

 
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