• Tiglath-pileser III 22


  • Q003435
  • Tiglath-pileser III 22



  • wall slab (with reliefs)
  • Neo-Assyrian
  • Written ca. 744-727
  • Nimrud (Kalhu)
  • Royal Inscription
  • Tiglath-pileser III

Tiglath-pileser III 22 [via RINAP/RINAP1]

Parallel to text no. 21

Parallel to text no. 21




[...] x x [...] ti [...]

(1') [...] ... [...] ... [...] I en[veloped] him [like] a (dense) fog [... I] ut[terly demolished ... of sixteen] districts of the land Bīt-Ḫum[ (Israel). I carried off (to Assyria) ... captives from the city ...]barâ, 625 captives from the city ...a[..., ... () ... captives from the city] Ḫinatuna, 650 captives from the city Ku[..., ... captives from the city Ya]ṭbite, 656 captives from the city Sa...[..., ..., with their belongings. I ...] the cities Arumâ (and) Marum [...].


[... GIM] im-ba-ri as?-[ḫu-up]-šú [...]


[... ša 16] na-ge-e šá KUR.É-ḫu?-um?-[ri?-a?] qa-[aq-qa-riš? am-nu? ...]1


[...]-ba-ra-a 6 ME 25 šal-lat URU.[x]-a-[...]2


[... URU].ḫi-na--na 6 ME 50 šal-lat URU.ku-[...]


[... URU.ia]-aṭ-bi-te 6 ME 56 šal-lat[...]3


[...] URU.a-ru-ma-a [...]


[... mmi-ti-in-ti KUR].as-qa-lu-na-a-a ina a-de-[e DINGIR.MEŠ GAL.MEŠ iḫ-ṭi (...) it-ti-ia it-ta-bal-kit (...)]4

(8'b) [Mitinti of the land] Ashkelon [neglected] the loyalty oat[h (sworn by) the great gods (... and) revolted against me. ...] He (Mitinti) saw [the defeat of Ra]ḫiānu (Rezin) and during a lapse [of judgment ... (10´) Rūkibtu, the son of ...], ascended his throne. ... [...]. He wandered around and beseeched me. [...] 500 [...] and I entered his city. [...] fifteen citi[es ... I]dibiʾilu, the Arab, [...]


[... mra]-ḫi-a-ni e-mur-ma ina mi-qit [ṭè-e-mi ...]5


[(...) mru-ú-kib-tu DUMU ...] ina GIŠ.GU.ZA-šú ú-šib a-na [...]6


[...] i-dul-ma ú-ṣa-la-ni 5 ME [...]7


[...]-ma a-na URU-šú KU₄-ub 15 URU.[MEŠ-ni ...]


[... mi]-di-bi-ʾi-i-lu KUR.a-ru-bu [...]8



After gap, continued in text no. 23

After gap, continued in text no. 23

1KUR.É-ḫu?-um?-[ri?-a?] “Bīt-Ḫum[rî] (Israel; lit. “House of Omri”)”: The traces of the signs read here as ḫu?-um?- are virtually illegible in Layard’s copies. If this reading proves correct, then the “sixteen dis[tricts]” mentioned in text no. 21 line 3´ would also refer to Israel, despite the fact that Tiglath-pileser III also claims to have devastated the same number of districts in Aram-Damascus (text no. 20 line 17´). An alternative restoration is É-ḫa-za-[ìl] (“Bīt-Ḫazā-[ili]”), as suggested by B. Oded (Eretz-Israel 10 [1971] pp. 196–197; and IEJ 47 [1997] p. 110). With regard to lines 3´–7´, this is the only surviving description of Tiglath-pileser III’s campaign to Galilee. It is related to II Kings 15:29 and is often discussed. For references to previous studies and discussions about its contents, see Tadmor, Tigl. III p. 81 (the notes to these lines) and pp. 280–281 (Supplementary Study G), as well as Naʾaman, Tel Aviv 22/2 (1998) pp. 271–275. qa-[aq-qa-riš am-nu] “[I] ut[terly demolished]”: The restoration is conjectural; or perhaps restore qa-[ti ik-šud] “[my] han[d conquered].”

2The restorations in the translations for the beginning of these lines are conjectural.[...] “the city Sa...[...]”: The x closely resembles SI, but with scratches across the sign. This sign could also be RU.

4N. Naʾaman (Tel Aviv 22/2 [1998] pp. 271–275) suggests an extensive, but hypothetical, restoration for these lines.

5ina mi-qit [ṭè-e-mi] “during a lapse [of judgment]”: Or ina mi-qit [IZI] “in a confla[gration],” implying that Mitinti ended his life in a fire.

6The restoration is based on text no. 21 line 16´; see the on-page note to that line.

7The subject is apparently Rūkibtu. It appears that he beseeched Tiglath-pileser III, in recognition of his newly established kingship, perhaps by paying a tribute of 500 talents of silver (Ephʿal, Arabs p. 25; and Naʾaman, Tel Aviv 25/2 [1998] pp. 220–223).

8For Idibiʾilu and the episode concerning Samsi, queen of the Arabs, the passage in which this individual is mentioned, see the on-page note to text no. 42 line 19´.

Created by Hayim Tadmor, Shigeo Yamada, Jamie Novotny, and the Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period (RINAP) Project, 2011. Lemmatized by Jamie Novotny, 2010, for the NEH-funded RINAP Project at the University of Pennsylvania. The annotated edition is released under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license 3.0. Please cite this page as