Names

  • Sargon II 009

Numbers

  • Q006490

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Details

  • human-headed bull colossus
  • Neo-Assyrian
  • Khorsabad
  • Royal Inscription
  • Sargon II

Sargon II 009

Obverse
11

É.GAL mLUGAL-GI.NA LUGAL GAL-ú LUGAL dan-nu LUGAL KIŠ LUGAL KUR -šur.KI

(1) Palace of Sargon (II), great king, strong king, king of the world, king of Assyria, governor of Babylon, king of the land of Sumer and Akkad, favorite of the great gods;

22

GÌR.NÍTA .DINGIR.RA.KI LUGAL KUR EME.GI₇ ù URI.KI mi-gir DINGIR.MEŠ GAL.MEŠ

33

RE.É.UM ke-e-nu ša d-šur dAG dAMAR.UTU LUGAL-ut la šá-na-an

(3) just shepherd, (one) to whom the gods Aššur, Nabû, (and) Marduk granted a reign without equal and whose reputation (these gods) exalted to the heights;

44

ú-šat-li-mu-šu-ma zi-kir šu--šu ú-še-ṣu-ú

55

a-na re-še-e-ti šá-kin šu-ba-re-e ZIMBIR.KI NIBRU.KI

(5b) who (re)-established the šubarrû-privileges of (the cities) Sippar, Nippur, (and) Babylon; who abolished corvée duty for (the cities) Dēr, Ur, Eridu, Larsa, Kullaba, Kissik, (and) Nēmed-Laguda, (and) gave relief to their people; who (re)-established the privileged status of (the city) Baltil (Aššur) that had lapsed; who extended his protection over the city Ḫarrān and recorded their exemption (from obligations) as if (their people were) people of the gods Anu and Dagān;

66

.DINGIR.RA.KI mu-šá-áš-šík tup-šik-ki BÀD.AN.KI ÚRI.KI eridu.KI

77

ARARMA.KI kul-la-ba.KI ki-sik.KI -med-dla-gu-da.KI

88

mu-šap-ši-ḫu UN.MEŠ-šú-un ka-ṣir ki-din-nu-ut bal-til.KI ba-ṭil-ta

99

ša UGU URU.ḫar-ra-na AN.DÙL-la-šú it-ru-ṣu-ú-ma

1010

ki-i ṣa-ab da-nim ù dda-gan -ṭu-ru za-kut-su-un

1111

zi-ka-ru dan-nu ḫa-lip na-mur-ra-ti ša a-na šum-qut

(11) the strong man who is clad in awesome splendor (and) whose weapons are raised to strike down (his) enemies; who brought about the defeat of Ḫumbanigaš (Ḫumban-nikaš I), the Elamite; who subjugated the lands Mannea, Karalla, Andia, (and) Zikirtu, the cities of Kišesim (and) Ḫarḫar, (and) the lands Media (and) Ellipi; (15) who imposed the yoke of (the god) Aššur (upon them); who laid waste to the land Urarṭu (and) the city Muṣaṣir; in great fear of whom Ursâ (Rusâ), the Urarṭian, brought an end to his life with his own weapon; who carried off as booty the rulers of the city Carchemish, the land Hamath, the land Kummuḫu, (and) the city Ashdod evil Hittites, who do not fear the words of the gods (and always) speak treachery; who (20) set eunuchs of his as provincial governors over all their lands and considered them as people of Assyria; who overwhelmed the city Samaria, all of the land Bīt-Ḫumria (Israel), (and) the land Kasku; who conquered the land Tabal, all of the land Bīt-Purutaš, (and) the land Ḫilakku; who brought about the defeat of Egypt at the city Raphia and counted Ḫanūnu (Hanno), the king of the city Gaza, as booty;

1212

na-ki-ri šu-ut-bu-u GIŠ.TUKUL.MEŠ-šú šá-kin taḫ-te-e mdḫum-ba-ni-ga-áš

1313

.ELAM.MA.KI mu-šak-niš KUR.man-na-a-a KUR.kar-al-lu KUR.an-di-a 1

1414

KUR.zi-kir- URU.ki-še-si-im URU.ḫar-ḫar KUR.ma-da-a-a KUR.el-li-pi

1515

e-mid-du ni-ir -šur mu-šaḫ-rib KUR.ur-ar-ṭi URU.mu-ṣa-ṣir šá mur-sa-a

1616

KUR.ur-ar-ṭa-a-a i-na pu-luḫ-ti-šú GAL-ti i-na GIŠ.TUKUL

1717

ra-ma-ni-šú ú-qat-ta-a na-piš-tuš šá-lil ma-li-ki URU.gar-ga-miš

1818

KUR.a-ma-at-ti KUR.kúm-mu-ḫi URU.as-du-du .ḫa-at-te-e lem-nu-ti

1919

la a-dir zik-ri DINGIR.MEŠ da-bi-bu ṣa-lip-ti ša UGU gi-mir KUR.MEŠ-šú-nu 2

2020

.šu-ut SAG.MEŠ-šú a-na .NAM-ú-ti -tak-ka-nu-ma it-ti UN.MEŠ KUR -šur.KI

2121

im-nu-šu-nu-ti sa-pi-in URU.sa-me-ri-na ka-la KUR.É-mḫu-um-ri-a KUR.kas-ku 3

2222

ka-šid KUR.ta-ba-lu gi-mir KUR.É-mpu-ru-ta-áš KUR.ḫi-lak-ku ša ina URU.ra-pi-ḫi 4

2323

BAD₅.BAD₅ KUR.mu-uṣ-ri -ku-nu-ma mḫa-a-nu-nu LUGAL URU.ḫa-zi-ti im-nu-ú šal-la-ti- 5

2424

na-pi- URU.ši-nu-uḫ-ti ṭa-rid mmi-ta-a LUGAL KUR.mu-us-ki mu-ter ḫal-ṣi KUR.qu-e 6

(24) who plundered the city Šinuḫtu; who drove out Mitâ (Midas), king of the land Musku; who brought back (to Assyrian control) the fortress(es) of the land Que (Cilicia) (25) that had been taken away (by the enemy); who caught the Ionians who (live in) the middle of the sea like fish; who deported Gunzinānu of the land Kammanu and Tarḫu-lara of the land Gurgum, who took away all of their lands, and made (them part of) the territory of Assyria; who subjugated seven kings of the land Yāʾ a region of the land Adnana (Cyprus) whose abode is situated at a distance of seven days (journey) in the middle of the Western Sea; who conquered the land Rāši; who subjugated the Puqudu (and) Damūnu (tribes) as far as the city Laḫīru of the land Yadburu (and) imposed his yoke (upon them);

2525

ek-mu-ti ša URU.ia-am-na-a-a ša MURUB₄ tam-tim ki-ma nu-ú-ni i-ba-ru 7

2626

na-si-iḫ mgu-un-zi-na-nu KUR.kam-ma-nu-u-a ù mtar-ḫu-la-ra KUR.gúr-gu-ma-a-a

2727

ša gi-mir KUR.MEŠ-šú-nu e-ki-mu-ma a-na mi-ṣir KUR -šur.KI ú-ter-ra mu-šak-niš

2828

7 LUGAL.MEŠ-ni ša KUR.ia- na-ge-e ša KUR.ad-na-na ša ma-lak 7 u₄-me i-na MURUB₄ tam-ti 8

2929

ša šùl-mu dUTU-ši šit-ku-nat šu-bat-sún ka-šid KUR.ra-a-ši mu-šak-niš .pu-qud-du .da-mu-nu 9

3030

a-di URU.la-ḫi-ri šá KUR.ia-ad-bu-ri e-mid-du ab-šá-an-šu šá-kin dáb-de-e mdAMAR.UTU-IBILA-SUM.NA 10

(30b) who brought about the defeat of Marduk-apla-iddina (II) (Merodach-Baladan) king of Chaldea, an evil enemy who exercised kingship over Babylon against the will of the gods and whose great hand conquered (him); who eradicated the city Dūr-Yakīn, the great city upon which he (Marduk-apla-iddina) relied; who heaped up the corpses of his (Marduk-apla-iddina’s) fighting men in piles on the coastal plain Upēri, king of Dilmun (35) who(se) lair is situated at a distance of thirty leagues in the middle of the Eastern Sea, like that of a fish, heard (of this) and brought me his audience gift;

3131

LUGAL KUR.kal-di a-a-bu lem-nu ša ki-i la lìb-bi DINGIR.MEŠ šar-ru-ut .DINGIR.RA.KI e-pu-šu-ma tak-šu-du

3232

GAL- qa-as-su na-si-iḫ šur- URU.BÀD-mia-ki-in-ni

3333

URU tuk-la-ti-šú GAL-a ša ADDA.MEŠ .mun-daḫ-ṣe-šú i-na sa-pan 11

3434

tam-ti ú-gar-ri-nu gu-ru-un-niš -me-ma mú-pe-ri LUGAL dil-mun.KI

3535

ša ma-lak 30 KASKAL.GÍD i-na MURUB₄ tam-tim šá ṣi-it dUTU-ši ki-ma nu-ú-ni 12

3636

nar-ba-ṣu šit-ku-nu-ma -šá-a ta-mar-tuš LUGAL it-pe-šu

(36b) the wise king who occupies himself with good matters (and) who turned his attention to (re)settling abandoned pasture lands, opening up unused land, (and) planting orchards.

3737

muš-ta-bil a-mat da--iq-ti ša a-na šu-šu-ub na-me-e

3838

na-du-ti ù pe-te-e ki-šub--e za-qáp ṣip-pa-a-ti -ku-nu

3939

ú-zu-un-šu i-na u₄-me-šu-ma i-na UGU nam-ba-ʾi šá GÌR.II

(39b) At that time I built a city above the spring at the foot of Mount Muṣri, a mountain upstream from (the city) Nineveh, and I named it Dūr-Šarrukīn.

4040

KUR.mu-uṣ-ri KUR-e e-le-nu ni-na-a.KI URU e-pu--ma URU.BÀD-mMAN-GIN

4141

az-ku-ra ni-bit-su GIŠ.KIRI₆.MAḪ-ḫu tam-šil KUR.ḫa-ma-ni ša gi-mir ḫi-bi--ti

(41b) I created around it a botanical garden, a replica of Mount Amanus, in which were gathered every kind of aromatic plant from the land Ḫatti (Syria) (and) every type of fruit-bearing mountain tree.

4242

KUR.ḫat-ti GURUN KUR-e -šú-un -reb-šú ḫu-ur-ru-šu ab-ta-ni i-ta-tuš

4343

ša 3 ME 50.ÀM mal-ki la-bi-ru-ti ša el-la-mu-u-a be-lu-ut

(43) Not one of the three hundred and fifty previous rulers who had exercised lordship over Assyria before my time and had governed the subjects of the god Enlil (45) had noted its (the city’s) site or come to know how to make it habitable; nor had one ordered the digging of its canal (or) the planting of its orchards. Day (and) night I planned earnestly how to settle that town (and) to erect (there) a great shrine a cella for the great gods and palatial halls to be my lordly abode, and I (then) ordered its construction.

4444

KUR -šur.KI e-pu-šu-ma il-ta-nap-pa-ru ba-ʾu-lat dEN.LÍL

4545

a-a-um-ma i-na lìb-bi-šú-nu a-šar-šú ul ú-maš-ši-ma šu-šu-ub-šú

4646

ul il-ma-du ḫe-re-e ÍD-šú za-qáp ṣip-pa-te-šú ul iz-kur a-na šu-šu-ub

4747

URU šá-a-šú zuq--ur BÁRA.MAḪ-ḫi at-ma-an DINGIR.MEŠ GAL.MEŠ ù É.GAL.MEŠ

4848

šu-bat be-lu-ti-ia ur-ru mu-šu ak-pu-ud aṣ-rim-ma 13

4949

e-pe-su aq-bi i-na ITI še--e u₄-mu

(49b) In a favorable month, (on) an auspicious day in the month of the god Kulla, (on) the day of an eššēšu-festival I had (workmen) wield hoe(s) and make bricks.

5050

mit-ga-ri i-na ITI dkulla UD.ÈŠ.ÈŠ

5151

GIŠ.al-lu ú-šat-ri-ik-ma ú-šal-bi-na

5252

li-bit-tu i-na ITI.NE a-ra-aḫ

(52b) In the month of Abu (V) the month for the one who lays the foundation of citi(es) and house(s) (and in) which all the black-headed people construct shelter(s) for their dwelling(s) (55) I placed its limestone masonry on top of (foundation deposits of) gold, silver, copper, precious stones, (and) pieces (of aromatic woods) from Mount Amanus. I laid its foundation and established its brickwork.

5353

mu-kin te-me-en URU ù É ša gi-mir ṣal-mat SAG.DU

5454

a-na ri--ti-ši-na i-pat-ti-qa ṣu-lu-lu

5555

e-li .GI .BABBAR URUDU ni-siq-ti NA₄.MEŠ ḫi-bi--ti

5656

KUR.ḫa-ma-ni pe-el-šú ú-šat-ri-ṣa -še-e-šú ad-di-ma

5757

ú-kin lib-na-as-su pa-rak-ki ra-áš-bu-ti

(57b) I built inside it (the city) for the gods Ea, Sîn, Ningal, Šamaš, Nabû, Adad, (and) Ninurta awe-inspiring daises that were made as firm as the mountains.

5858

ša ki-ma ki-ṣir gi--e šur-šu-du a-na dé-a

5959

d30 dnin-gal dUTU dAG dIŠKUR dMAŠ e-pu-šá 14

6060

qer-bu--šu É.GAL.MEŠ AM.SI GIŠ.ESI GIŠ.TÚG 15

(60b) At their august command, I built palatial halls using (lit.: “of”) elephant ivory, ebony, boxwood, musukkannu-wood, cedar, cypress, daprānu-juniper, juniper, and terebinth to be my royal residence and I roofed them with large cedar beams. (65) I bound the doors of cypress (and) musukkannu-wood with band(s) of shining copper and installed (them in) their entrance(s). I had built in front of their gates a portico (bīt appāti), a replica of a Hittite palace, which is called a bīt ḫilāni in the language of the land Amurru.

6161

GIŠ.mu-suk-kan-ni GIŠ.ere-IGI GIŠ.ŠUR.MÌN GIŠ.dup-ra-ni

6262

GIŠ.ŠIM.LI u GIŠ.bu-uṭ-ni i-na -bi-ti-šú-nu

6363

ṣir-ti a-na mu-šab šar-ru-ti-ia ab-ni-ma

6464

GIŠ.ÙR.MEŠ GIŠ.ere-IGI GAL.MEŠ e-li-šin ú-šat-ri-ṣa

6565

GIŠ.IG.MEŠ GIŠ.ŠUR.MÌN GIŠ.mu-suk-kan-ni -se-er URUDU nam-ri

6666

ú-rak-kis-ma ú-rat-ta-a -reb-šin

6767

É ap-pa-a-ti tam-šil É.GAL KUR.ḫat-ti ša i-na li-šá-an

6868

KUR MAR.TU.KI É ḫi-la-ni i-šá-as-su-šu

6969

ú-še-pi-šá -eḫ-ret .MEŠ-ši-in

7070

8 UR.MAḪ tu-ʾa-a-me šu-ut 1 ŠÁR GÉŠ.U 6 50.ÀM GUN 16

(70) Eight twin lion (colossi) of shining copper that weigh 4,610 full (lit.: “tested”) talents (and) that were cast by the craft of the god Ninagal and filled with radiance upon (those) lion colossi I installed four matching cedar columns, whose diameter(s) are one nindanu each, the product of Mount Amanus; and I positioned cross-beams (upon them) as a cornice for their gates. (75) I skillfully fashioned magnificent mountain sheep colossi of massive mountain stone and in the four directions I had (them) hold their (the gates’) door bolt(s). I depicted the settlements that I had conquered upon large limestone slabs and surrounded their (the palatial halls’) lower courses (with them). I made (them) an object of wonder.

7171

mal-tak-ti URUDU nam-ri ša i-na ši-pir dnin-á-gal ip-pat-qu-ma

7272

ma-lu-ú nam-ri-ri 4 tim-me GIŠ.ere-IGI šu-ta-ḫu-te ša 1 NINDA.TA.ÀM

7373

ku-bur-šu-un bi-ib-lat KUR.ḫa-ma-ni UGU ur-maḫ-ḫe-e 17

7474

ú-kin-ma dáp-pi ku-lul ba-bi-ši-in e-mid

7575

UDU.MEŠ šad-di dLAMMA MAḪ.MEŠ šá NA₄ KUR-i - 18

7676

nak-liš ap-tiq-ma a-na er-bet-ti šá-a-ri ú-šá-aṣ-bi-ta

7777

SI.GAR-ši-in as-kup-pi NA₄.pi-li GAL.MEŠ da-ád-me

7878

ki-šit-ti qa-ti-ia ṣe-ru--šin ab-šim-ma a-sur-ru-ši-in

7979

ú-šá-as-ḫi-ra a-na tab-ra-a-ti ú-šá-lik ŠÁR ŠÁR ŠÁR ŠÁR GÉŠ.U GÉŠ.U GÉŠ.U 1 19

(79b) I made the length of its wall 16,280 cubits and I made its foundation secure upon (blocks of) massive mountain (stone). In front and in back, on both sides, facing the four directions, I opened eight gates (in the city wall). Then, I named the gate(s) of the gods Šamaš and Adad that face the east “The God Šamaš Is the One Who Makes Me Triumph” (and) “The God Adad Is the One Who Establishes My Prosperity” (respectively). I called the gate(s) of the god Enlil and the goddess Mullissu that face the north “The God Enlil Is the One Who Establishes the Foundation of My City” (85) (and) “The Goddess Mullissu Is the One Who Restores Abundance” (respectively). I made the name(s) of the gate(s) of the god Anu and the goddess Ištar that face the west “The God Anu Is the One Who Makes My Undertakings Successful” (and) “The Goddess Ištar Is the One Who Makes Its People Flourish” (respectively). I pronounced the names of the gate(s) of the god Ea and the goddess Bēlet-ilī that face the south (to be) “The God Ea Is the One Who Keeps Its Spring(s) in Good Order” (and) “The Goddess Bēlet-Ilī Is the One Who Increases Its (Animals’) Offspring” (respectively). (90) Its (city) wall was (called) “The God Aššur Is the One Who Prolongs the Reign of Its Royal Builder (and) Protects His Troops.” Its outer wall was (called) “The God Ninurta Is the One Who Establishes the Foundation of His City for (All) Days to Come.”

8080

1 1/2 NINDA 2 KÙŠ mi-še-eḫ-ti BÀD-šú áš-kun-ma e-li KUR-i zaq-ri

8181

ú-šar-ši-da te-em-me-en-šú i-na re-e-ši ù ar-ka-a-ti

8282

i-na ṣe-li ki-lal-la-an -eḫ-ret 4 IM.MEŠ 8 .GAL.MEŠ ap-te-e-ma

8383

dUTU mu-šak-šid er-nit-ti-ia dIŠKUR mu-kin ḪÉ.GÁL-li-ia 20

8484

šu-mu .GAL dUTU ù dIŠKUR ša IGI-et IM.KUR.RA az-kur dEN.LÍL mu-kin

8585

-di URU-ia dNIN.LÍL mu-di-šá-at ḫi-iṣ-bi zík-ri .GAL dBAD

8686

ù dNIN.LÍL ša IGI-et IM.SI. am-bi da-nu mu-šal-lim ep-šet

8787

qa-ti-ia d-tar mu-šam-me-ḫa-at UN.MEŠ-šú ni-bit .GAL da-nim

8888

ù d-tar ša IGI-et IM.MAR.TU áš-kun dé-a muš-te-šir nag-bi-šú

8989

dbe-let-DINGIR.MEŠ mu-rap-pi-šat ta-lit-ti-šú šu-mu .GAL dé-a ù dbe-let-DINGIR.MEŠ šá IGI-et

9090

IM.U₁₈.LU aq-bi-ma d-šur mu-šal-bir pa-le-e LUGAL e-pi-ši-šu 21

9191

na-ṣir um-ma-ni-šu BÀD-šú dnin-urta mu-kin te-me-en a-li-šu 22

9292

a-na la-bar UD.MEŠ ru-qu-ú-ti šal-ḫu-šú ba-ʾu-lat ar-ba-ʾi li-šá-nu

(92b) People from the four (quarters of the world), (speaking) foreign language(s) (and of) diverse speech, those who had dwelt in (both) mountain(s) and (low)land(s), as many as the “Light of the Gods” (Šamaš), the lord of all, shepherded, whom I had carried off as booty by the power of my staff at the command of the god Aššur, my lord, (95) I made act in concert and I (re)settled (them) inside it (the city). I commissioned native Assyrians, masters of every craft, as overseers (and) commanders to instruct (the settlers) in correct behavior (and how) to revere god and king.

9393

a-ḫi-tu at-me-e la mit-ḫur-ti a-ši-bu-ut KUR-i ù ma-a-ti ma-la ir-te-ʾu-ú

9494

ZÁLAG DINGIR.MEŠ EN gim-ri ša i-na zi-kir d-šur EN-ia ina me-tel ši-bir-ri-ia áš-lu-la 23

9595

pa-a 1-en ú-šá-áš-kin-ma ú-šar-ma-a -reb-šú DUMU.MEŠ KUR -šur.KI mu-du-ut i-ni

9696

ka-la-ma a-na šu-ḫu-uz ṣi-bit-ti pa-laḫ DINGIR ù LUGAL .ak-li

9797

.šá-pi-ri ú-ma-ʾe-er-šú-nu-ti ul-tu ši-pìr URU ù É.GAL.MEŠ-ia 24

(97b) After I had completed work on the city and my palatial halls, I invited the great gods who dwell in Assyria (to come) inside them and I held a celebration for them. From rulers from the east and the west, I received as their substantial audience gift(s) gold, silver, (and) everything valuable befitting these palatial halls.

9898

ú-qat-tu-ú DINGIR.MEŠ GAL.MEŠ a-ši-bu-ut KUR -šur.KI i-na qer-bi-ši-na 25

9999

aq-re-e-ma ta-šil-ta-ši-na áš-kun ša mal-ki ṣi-it dUTU-ši ù e-reb dUTU-ši 26

100100

.GI .BABBAR mim-ma aq-ru si-mat É.GAL.MEŠ šá-ti-na ta-mar-ta-šú-nu ka-bit- am-ḫur

101101

DINGIR.MEŠ a-ši-bu-ut URU šá-a-šu mim-ma lip-ta-at ŠU.II-ia li-im-ma-ḫi-ir-ma pa-nu--šú-un

(101) May every work of my hands be acceptable to the gods who dwell in this city. May they then forever decree that (they will) inhabit their shrines and that my reign will be firmly established.

102102

a-šab ki-iṣ-ṣi-šú-un ù kun-nu BALA.MEŠ-ia liq-bu-ú du- da-

103103

ša ep-šet qa-ti-ia ú-nak-ka-ru-ma bu-un-na-ni-ia ú-saḫ-ḫu-ú

(103) (As for) the one who alters the work of my hands, mutilates my features (on a relief), obliterates the reliefs that I have engraved, or effaces my own representation(s), may the gods Sîn, Šamaš, Adad, and the great gods who dwell there remove his name (and) his descendant(s) from the land and make him live in bondage under his enemy.

104104

uṣ-ṣu-rat e-ṣe-ru ú-šam-sa-ku-ma si-ma-ti-ia ú-pa-áš-šá-ṭu d30 dUTU

105105

dIŠKUR ù DINGIR.MEŠ a-šib lìb-bi-šú MU-šú NUMUN-šú i-na KUR lil-qu--ma

106106

i-na KI.TA .KÚR-šú li-še-ši-bu- ka-meš

1See the on-page note to text no. 8 lines 7–8. In this case, A. Fuchs (Khorsabad p. 303 and n. 142) keeps the lands Mannea, Karalla, Andia, and Zikirtu with mušakniš, “who subjugated,” and Kišesim, Ḫarḫar, Media, and Ellipi with ēmidu nīr aššur, “who imposed the yoke of the god Aššur,” basing the division upon geographical reasons.

2Exs. 10 and 14 have e-pi-šú and exs. 16 and 22 (mostly restored) e-pi-šu for da-bi-du, “practice” instead of “speak.” Ex. 1 omits UGU.

3Exs. 10 and 16 omit KUR.kas-ku “(and) the land Kasku.”

4Exs. 10 and 16 omit KUR.ḫi-lak-ku, “(and) the land Ḫilakku.”

5Exs. 10 and 22 have KUR “land” instead of URU “city” before Gaza.”

6Ex. 14 has URU “city” instead of KUR “land” before “Que.”

7Ex. 22 has KUR “land” instead of URU “city” before “Ionians.”

8Ex. 6 has URU “city” instead of KUR “land” before “Adnana.”

9Ex. 5 omits KUR “land” before “Rāši.” Exs. 10, 22 have KUR “land” instead of before Puqudu.

10Ex. 14 has KUR “land” instead of URU “city” before Laḫīru.

11W. Heimpel (ZA 77 [1987] p. 88) argues that ina sapān tâmti (currently translated “coastal plain”) refers instead to the extent of the region (i.e., “along the sea”).

12P.E. Botta’s copy of ex. 16 has 20, not 30; no photo or squeeze of the original exists in order to check this.

13Ex. 23 omits -ia “my” in “my lordly abode.” See Worthington, Textual Criticism p. 185 for the suggestion that “there has probably been crasis: urru u mūšu > /urrumūšu/.”

14Ex. 15 has dIŠKUR dAG “Adad, Nabû.” Ex .27 inserts ù “and” between “Adad” and “Ninurta.”

15With regard to the translation of É.GAL.MEŠ as “palatial halls,” see the on-page note to text no. 2 line 472.

16P.E. Botta’s copy of ex. 4 has 40 not 50; the number is not clear on the squeeze.

17Ex. 2 omits KUR “Mount” before “Amanus.”

18With regard to dLAMMA MAḪ.MEŠ, see the on-page note to text no. 8 line 479.

19ŠÁR ŠÁR ŠÁR ŠÁR GÉŠ.U GÉŠ.U GÉŠ.U 1 1 1/2 NINDA 2 KÙŠ: The number also appears in text no. 8 line 40 (partially restored), text no. 43 line 65, and text no. 44 line 47 (partially restored). The latter two texts have 3 qa-ni instead of 1 1/2 NINDA and indicate that the number must be regarded as a cryptogram for the name Sargon, although how it is to be explained has as yet not been determined. See the Introduction to this volume, under the section “Name.”

20-mu-kin- “Establishes”: See also text no. 8 line 42; text no. 43 line 67 has -mu-kil- “Maintains.”

21Ex. 13 omits the divine determinative before “Aššur.” mu-šal-bir “Who Prolongs”: See also text no. 8 line 47; text no. 43 line 71 has mu-lab-bir “Prolongs.”

22um-ma-ni-šu “His Troops” and a-li-šu “His City”: See also text no. 8 line 48 (restored); text no. 43 line 71 has NUNUZ-šú “His Offspring” and a-du--ši “the Wall” respectively. The reading um-ma-ni may have been based upon an ancient misreading of ERIM.ḪI.A for NUNUZ; see also Fuchs, Khorsabad p. 296 no. 95.

23For the same passage in text no. 43 line 72, Liverani (Assyria p. 206) assumes that it is the god Aššur who is being called nūr ilāni bēl gimri “the ‘Light of the Gods’ [Liverani: ‘the divine light’], the lord of all”; however, the epithet nūr ilāni normally refers to the sun god Šamaš (see for example CAD N/2 p. 348) and some of the exemplars having this text also have text no. 41 on their back, which in lines 25–26 refers to settling in Khorsabad “people of the lands that I had conquered — as many as the god Šamaš shepherded.” Ex. 27 omits i-na “at.” Exs. 11, 13, 15, 17, and 28 omit the divine determinative before “Aššur.” me-tel “power”: See the on-page note to a duplicate passage in text no. 43 line 73.

24Ex. 13 omits -ia “my” with “palatial halls.”

25Ex. 2 inserts ITI.DU₆ after i-na (i.e., “in the month of Tašrītu (VII), I invited ...”). See the section on building activities at Dūr-Šarrukīn in the Introduction to the volume with regard to this date.

26Ex. 19 omits ù “and” between “the east” and “the west.”


Created by Grant Frame and the Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period (RINAP) Project, 2019. Adapted for RINAP Online by Joshua Jeffers and Jamie Novotny and lemmatized by Giulia Lentini, Nathan Morello, and Jamie Novotny, 2019,for the Munich Open-access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative (MOCCI), a corpus-building initiative funded by LMU Munich and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (through the establishment of the Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East) and based at the Historisches Seminar - Abteilung Alte Geschichte of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. The annotated edition is released under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license 3.0.