Eponym Dates

In Assyria, each year was named after a high official, called a limmu or līmu in Akkadian, and lists of these officials (eponyms) were compiled by the Assyrian scribes. The following list of the eponym officials for the reign of Esarhaddon is based upon Millard, SAAS 2 pp. 51–52, 61, and 71. Dated inscriptions that are included in the present volume are also noted below; a number of inscriptions whose dates may possibly be determined with some degree of confidence (e.g., instances with a clear terminus post quem for the inscription) are given in bold.

Year Regnal Year Eponym Dated Texts
681   Accession year   Nabû-aḫḫē-ēreš, governor (šaknu) of Samʾal     
680   1   Danānu, governor (šaknu) of Manṣuate     
679   2   Itti-Adad-anēnu, governor (bēl pīḫati) of Megiddo   57  
678   3   Nergal-šarru-uṣur, chief butler (rab šāqê)      
677   4   Abī-rāmu, chief vizier (sukkallu dannu/rabû)    10  
676   5   Banbâ, chief/second vizier (sukkallu dannu/šanû)    2, 78  
675   6   Nabû-aḫḫē-iddin, (chief) chamberlain (masennu rabû)      
674   7   Šarru-nūri, governor (šaknu) of Barḫalzi     
673   8   Atar-ilu, governor (šaknu) of Laḫīru 1, 33  
672   9   Nabû-bēlu-uṣur, governor (šaknu) of Dūr-Šarrukīn/ Šarrukku   1, 33, 34, 77, 79, 93  
671   10   Kanūnāyu, chief bailiff (sartinnu)      
670   11   Šulmu-bēli-lašme, governor (šaknu) of Dēr     
669   12   Šamaš-kāšid-ayābi, governor (šaknu) of Asdu[...]     

A number of prism inscriptions dealing with Babylon (nos. 104–106, 108 and 111) state that they were composed in Esarhaddon's accession year (šanat rēš šarrūti, MU.SAG.NAM.LUGAL.LA), which should refer to 681 BC, but from the events mentioned in them it is clear that they were composed much later, at least one (no. 105) presumably no earlier than the last month of 674 BC (see Frame, Babylonia p. 67). Several exemplars of text no. 1 (Nineveh A) are dated according to the Elamite months "Opening of the Door" and Bēlet-ilī (probably pronounced Belili); at this time, I cannot offer a satisfactory explanation why Esarhaddon's scribes dated copies of this text by Elamite names rather than Mesopotamian ones. With regard to the date of Tadmor's "Nineveh (Prism) S" (text nos. 5–9), see H. Tadmor (and E. Weissert), Studies Grayson pp. 273–276.

Erle Leichty

Erle Leichty, 'Eponym Dates', RINAP 4: Esarhaddon, The RINAP 4 sub-project of the RINAP Project, 2019 [http://oracc.org/rinap/rinap4/rinap4introduction/datingandchronology/eponymdates/]

Back to top ^^
© RINAP online, 2011–. RINAP 4 is a sub-project of the University of Pennsylvania-based RINAP Project, 2008-. Its contents of this website have been made possible in part by grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor. Updates to RINAP 4 have been prepared in cooperation with the Munich Open-access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative (MOCCI), which is based the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar - Alte Geschichte and is funded by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation through the establishment of the Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/] license, 2007-17.
Oracc uses cookies only to collect Google Analytics data. Read more here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/doc/about/cookies/index.html]; see the stats here [http://www.seethestats.com/site/oracc.museum.upenn.edu]; opt out here.