Inscriptions of Sîn-šarra-iškun


Relatively few inscriptions are known for Sîn-šarra-iškun, the last Assyrian king to have ruled from Nineveh. Scholars have identified about twenty official texts of his, although several of these could have been composed in the name of his much more powerful father, Ashurbanipal. At present, Sîn-šarra-iškun's texts come from cities in the Assyrian heartland, Nineveh (text nos. 1–6), Aššur (text nos. 7–18), and Kalḫu (text nos. 19–20). The extant inscriptions are all written in the Akkadian language and are inscribed on clay cylinders (text nos. 1–5, 10, and 19), clay prisms (text nos. 7–9), clay tablets (text nos. 6 and 15–18), a clay bulla (text no. 19), mud bricks (text nos. 13–14), and a stone block (text no. 12). It is clear from scribal notes written on drafts or archival copies of inscriptions that official texts were also engraved on the metal plating of ceremonial tables (text nos. 17–18) and on metal cultic vessels and utensils (text nos. 15–16).

The texts record some of this king's building activities. Sîn-šarra-iškun is known to have sponsored construction on the Sennacherib's "Palace Without a Rival" (South-West Palace; text no. 1); the city wall of Nineveh (text no. 6); the temple of the god Nabû at Aššur, Egidrukalamasumu ("House Which Bestows the Scepter of the Land"; text nos. 7–18); and the Nabû temple at Kalḫu, Ezida ("True House"; text no. 19). Presumably, he undertook other building projects, but inscriptions (text nos. 2–5) recording those activities are either not sufficiently preserved (text nos. 2–5) or no longer extant.

Because work on Part 2 (Ashurbanipal texts 72-2018, Aššur-etel-ilāni texts 1-6, and Sîn-šarra-iškun 1-21) is still very much a work in progress, we kindly ask you to be patient with us and to bear in mind that the information included under the RINAP 5/2 tab is far from complete and is subject to change. This is especially true of the text designations. This will be the case until the camera-ready manuscript of RINAP 5/2 is sent to the publisher. Therefore, we urge caution should you cite the content of The Royal Inscriptions of Ashurbanipal (668–631 BC), Aššur-etel-ilāni (630–627 BC) and Sîn-šarra-iškun (626–612 BC), Kings of Assyria, Part 2.

For further information of Sîn-šarra-iškun's inscriptions, click on the "Nineveh Inscriptions []," "Ashur Inscriptions []," or "Kalhu Inscriptions []" links to the left or the links embedding in this paragraph.

Jamie Novotny

Jamie Novotny, 'Inscriptions of Sîn-šarra-iškun', RINAP 5: The Royal Inscriptions of Ashurbanipal, Aššur-etel-ilāni, and Sîn-šarra-iškun, The RINAP 5 sub-project of the RINAP Project, 2018 []

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The RINAP 5 sub-project of the University of Pennsylvania-based RINAP Project, 2016-. The contents of RINAP 5 are prepared in cooperation with the Munich Open-access Cuneiform Corpus Initiative (MOCCI), which is based the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar - Alte Geschichte and is funded by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation through the establishment of the Alexander von Humboldt Professorship for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-14.
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