Information on Esarhaddon Scores, Part 1

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Of the 183 royal inscriptions edited in RINAP 4 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/], score transliterations of 25 texts were provided in that volume. Some information on those inscriptions are provided below. To access the RINAP 4 score transliterations, click on one of the "score" links below, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/corpus/], or click on the "Browse Online Corpus" link to the left.

1

Numerous hexagonal clay prisms from Nineveh, Aššur, and Susa have an Akkadian inscription that records Esarhaddon's military campaigns and the construction of the armory at Nineveh. Copies of this text were written in 673 and in 672 BC; several exemplars were inscribed just prior to the official nomination of Ashurbanipal and Šamaš-šuma-ukīn as heirs to the thrones of Assyria and Babylon respectively. This text is commonly referred to as Nineveh A (Nin. A).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003230/score] of Esarhaddon 1

Access Esarhaddon 1 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003230/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/nineveh/index.html#rinap4no1]


2

An Akkadian inscription found on seven clay hexagonal prisms records the building of the armory at Nineveh as well as several military campaigns. All of the sources are from Nineveh or probably from Nineveh. Dated to 676 BC, the text is an earlier and shorter version of text no. 1 (Nineveh A). This text is commonly referred to as Nineveh (Prism) B (Nin. B).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003231/score] of Esarhaddon 2

Access Esarhaddon 2 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003231/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/nineveh/index.html#rinap4no2]


11

An Akkadian inscription found upon three clay cylinders from Nineveh may record Esarhaddon's renovation of the temples of the gods Sîn and Šamaš in Nineveh. This text is commonly referred to as Nineveh (Cylinder) H (Nin. H).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003240/score] of Esarhaddon 11

Access Esarhaddon 11 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003240/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/nineveh/part2/index.html#rinap4no11]


12

An Akkadian inscription found upon two clay cylinders records Esarhaddon's building of a temple for the gods Sîn, Ningal, Šamaš, and Aya in Nineveh. This text is commonly referred to as Nineveh (Cylinder) I (Nin. I).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003241/score] of Esarhaddon 12

Access Esarhaddon 12 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003241/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/nineveh/part2/index.html#rinap4no12]


48

An Akkadian inscription on three clay tablets from Nineveh records the refurbishment of the statues of Babylon's tutelary gods. The subscript of one exemplar states that the inscription was copied from a stele. This text is commonly referred to as Aššur-Babylon A (AsBbA).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003277/score] of Esarhaddon 48

Access Esarhaddon 48 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003277/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/nineveh/part5/index.html#rinap4no48]


54

An inscription on two fragmentarily preserved tablets from Kuyunjik records the building and decoration of various temples in Assyria and Babylonia, specifically in Arbela, Borsippa, and Nineveh. The text is probably to be attributed to Esarhaddon, and a partial score of this inscription is provided on the CD-ROM. This text is commonly referred to as Esarhaddon's Collective Text or "Sammeltext" (Smlt.).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003283/score] of Esarhaddon 54

Access Esarhaddon 54 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003283/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/nineveh/part5/index.html#rinap4no54]


57

An Akkadian inscription on seven octagonal prisms, a stone tablet, and a clay tablet from Aššur describes the rebuilding of Ešarra, the temple of the god Aššur in Aššur. The text contains a history of the previous building work done on the temple by Esarhaddon's predecessors (Ušpia, Erišum I, Šamšī-Adad I, and Shalmaneser I) and gives the number of years between each renovation. Two copies are dated to 679 BC, during the months Simānu (III) and Duʾūzu (IV). This text is commonly referred to as Aššur A (Ass. A).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003286/score] of Esarhaddon 57

Access Esarhaddon 57 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003286/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/assur/index.html#rinap4no57]


58

An inscription on three fragmentary hexagonal prisms reports on Esarhaddon's restoration of Ešarra, the temple of the god Aššur in Aššur. This text has content similar to what is found in text no. 57 (Aššur A) and text no. 59. This text is commonly referred to as Aššur B (Ass. B).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003287/score] of Esarhaddon 58

Access Esarhaddon 58 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003287/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/assur/index.html#rinap4no58]


59

An inscription on two clay cylinders and a fragment of a clay cylinder describes the restoration of Ešarra, the temple of the god Aššur in Aššur. This text has content similar to what is found in text no. 57 (Aššur A) and text no. 58. Like the previous inscription, this text is commonly referred to as Aššur B (Ass. B).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003288/score] of Esarhaddon 59

Access Esarhaddon 59 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003288/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/assur/index.html#rinap4no59]


62

An inscription on several limestone blocks describes the building of the gatehouse of the palace in Aššur. Along with the previous text and the following text, this text is commonly referred to as Aššur G (Ass. G).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003291/score] of Esarhaddon 62

Access Esarhaddon 62 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003291/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/assur/index.html#rinap4no62]


64

An inscription on several series of limestone blocks discovered in the gatehouse of the palace in Aššur records the construction of the palace in that city. The inscription dates to after Ayyāru (II) 672 since Ashurbanipal is mentioned as heir designate of Assyria. The inscribed stone blocks were left at the site, so none of the exemplars were collated. This text is commonly referred to as Aššur E (Ass. E).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003293/score] of Esarhaddon 64

Access Esarhaddon 64 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003293/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/assur/index.html#rinap4no64]


75

Three stone amulets (exs. 1–2 and 4) and a piece of lapis lazuli (ex. 3) bear duplicate inscriptions indicating that they belonged to Aššur-etel-ilāni-mukīn-apli (Esarhaddon). This text, like the previous inscription, is commonly referred to as Aššur F (Ass. F).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003304/score] of Esarhaddon 75

Access Esarhaddon 75 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003304/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/assur/part2/index.html#rinap4no75]


77

Two complete barrel cylinders from Kalḫu and fragments from five other cylinders contain an abbreviated summary of the events recounted on text no. 1 (Nineveh A). The inscription ends with a building account concerned with the construction of an arsenal in Kalḫu. The text is dated to 672 BC. This text is commonly referred to as Kalḫu A (Klch. A).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003306/score] of Esarhaddon 77

Access Esarhaddon 77 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003306/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/kalhu/index.html#rinap4no77]


78

Three complete barrel cylinders discovered in the living quarters of the rab ekalli in Fort Shalmaneser at Kalḫu and fragments from three other cylinders contain a summary of events later recounted more fully in text no. 1 (Nineveh A). The inscription ends with a building account concerned with the rebuilding of Kalḫu. The text is dated to 676 BC. This text is commonly referred to as Kalḫu B (Klch. B).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003307/score] of Esarhaddon 78

Access Esarhaddon 78 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003307/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/kalhu/index.html#rinap4no78]


83

Two stone bull colossi forming the door jambs on either side of a monumental portal in the Southwest Palace at Kalḫu bear a proprietary inscription of Esarhaddon. This text and the following three texts are commonly referred to as Kalḫu D (Klch. D).

Access the score [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/scores/Q003312/score] of Esarhaddon 83

Access Esarhaddon 83 [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/Q003312/]

For further details on this inscription, click here [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/rinap4textintroductions/kalhu/index.html#rinap4no83]

Erle Leichty

Erle Leichty, 'Information on Esarhaddon Scores, Part 1', RINAP Scores, The RINAP Scores sub-project of the RINAP Project, 2019 [http://oracc.org/rinap/scores/esarhaddonscores/]

 
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