Bibliography

Because this website is designed primarily to support teaching and learning in UK higher education, this bibliography below only contains selected works in the English language. It is not intended to be an exhaustive research bibliography; see, for instance, the bibliographies listed in the External Resources page, which include many excellent items in other languages too.

We are indebted to all authors who generously and unhesitatingly permitted us to use materials originally published in printed form. We especially appreciate that Simo Parpola allowed us to reproduce his original 1971 Helsinki University dissertation, an introduction to his Letters from Assyrian scholars.

For permission to reproduce articles published in their journals and original publications, we are very grateful to the editors of Annali dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli, Archiv für Orientforschung, Jaarbericht Ex Oriente Lux, and Rocznik Orientalistyczny, as well as Saana Svärd for the Finnish Oriental Society, Barbara Bernstein for Hampton Press [http://www.hamptonpress.com], Cresskill NJ; Michael Coogan for the Harvard Semitic Museum; Gerfrid Müller for Heidelberger Orientverlag, Heidelberg; Hannes Galter for rm-Druck- & Verlaggesellschaft mbH, Graz, Walda Metcalf for the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology [http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/publications/index.shtml]; and Manfried Dietrich and Kai Metzler for Ugarit-Verlag [http://www.ugarit-verlag.de], Münster (including the older volumes of Alter Orient und Altes Testament, then published jointly by Butzon & Bercker and Neukirchener Verlag).

Background and reference

Bierbrier, M.L., 'Hincks, Edward (1792–1866)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
View article on ODNB (requires subscription) [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/13335]

Black, J.A. and A.R. Green, Gods, demons, and symbols of ancient Mesopotamia, London: British Museum Press, 1992.
Preview book on Google Books [https://books.google.de/books/about/Gods_demons_and_symbols_of_ancient_Mesop.html?id=05LXAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y]

Bohrer, F.N., Orientalism and visual culture: imagining Mesopotamia in nineteenth-century Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Download sample chapter from publisher's website [http://assets.cambridge.org/0521806577/sample/0521806577WS.pdf] (159 KB PDF file; requires Acrobat Reader)

Bottéro, J., Mesopotamia: writing, reasoning, and the gods, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=rygDbL2U5YEC]

Curtis, J.E. and J.E. Reade, Art and empire: treasures from Assyria in the British Museum, London: British Museum Press, 1995.

Damrosch, D., The buried book: the loss and rediscovery of the great Epic of Gilgamesh, New York: Holt, 2007.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=vY78WiaLTmkC]

Dean, D.R., 'Smith, George (1840–1876)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
View article on ODNB (requires subscription) [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/25806]

Fales, F.M., 'The use and function of Aramaic tablets', in G. Bunnens (ed.), Essays on Syria in the Iron Age, Leuven: Peeters, 2000, pp. 89-124.

Farber, W., 'Witchcraft, magic, and divination in ancient Mesopotamia', in J.M. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the ancient Near East, New York: Scribner, 1995, pp. 1895-1909.

Ferrier, R.W. and S.M. Dalley, 'Rawlinson, Sir Henry Creswicke, first baronet (1810–1895)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2006.
View article on ODNB (requires subscription) [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/23190]

Foster, B.R., 'On authorship in Akkadian literature', Annali dell'Istituto Orientale di Napoli 51 (1991), 17-32.
Download PDF version of article (932KB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/foster_annali51.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Frahm, E., 'The great city: Nineveh in the age of Sennacherib', Journal of the Canadian Society for Mesopotamian Studies 3 (2008), 13-20.
Download PDF version of article (652KB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/frahm_jcsms3.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Holloway, S.W., 'Biblical Assyria and other anxieties in the British Empire', Journal of Religion and Society 3 (2001).
Read this article online [https://dspace2.creighton.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10504/64483/2001-12.pdf?sequence=1]

Hunger, H. and D. Pingree, Astral sciences in Mesopotamia (Handbuch der Orientalistik 44), Leiden: Brill, 1999.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=7hnTZ8tdOS0C]

Joannès, F., The age of empires: Mesopotamia in the first millennium BC, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2004.

Kuhrt, A., The ancient Near East, c.3000-300 BC, London: Routledge, 1995.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=EGu_p23NaS8C]

Lambert, W.G., 'Introduction: the transmission of the literary and scholarly texts', in I. Spar and W. G. Lambert (eds.), Literary and scholastic texts of the first millennium BC (Cuneiform Texts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art 2), New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2005, pp. XI-XIX.

Larsen, M.T., The conquest of Assyria: excavations in an antique land, London: Routledge, 1996.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=jK8c4E2zkUMC]

Mattila, R., The king's magnates: a study of the highest officials of the Neo-Assyrian empire (State Archives of Assyria Studies 11), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 2000.

Melville, S.C., 'Neo-Assyrian royal women and male identity: status as a social tool', Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (2004), 37-57.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4132152]

Michalowski, P., 'Writing and literacy in early states: a Mesopotamianist perspective', in D. Keller-Cohen (ed.), Literacy: interdisciplinary conversations, Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 1994, pp. 49-70.

Novotny, J. and J. Singletary, 'Family ties: Assurbanipal's family revisited', in M. Luukko, S. Svärd and R. Mattila (eds.), Of god(s), trees, kings, and scholars: Neo-Assyrian and related studies in honour of Simo Parpola (Studia Orientalia 106), Helsinki: Finnish Oriental Society, 2009, pp. 167-177.
Download PDF version of article (1.3MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/novotny_singletary_fsparpola.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Oates, J. and D. Oates, Nimrud: an Assyrian imperial city revealed, London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 2002.

Oppenheim, A.L., 'Man and nature in Mesopotamian civilization', in C. C. Gillispie (ed.), Dictionary of Scientific Biography 15, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975-1980, pp. 634-666.

Oppenheim, A.L., Ancient Mesopotamia: portrait of a dead civilization, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.

Parpola, S., 'The man without a scribe and the question of literacy in the Assyrian empire', in B. Pongratz-Leisten et al. (eds.), Ana šadî Labnāni lū allik: Festschrift für Wolfgang Röllig (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 247), Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1997, pp. 315-324.
Download PDF version of article (1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_aoat247.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Parpola, S., Letters from Assyrian scholars to the kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal. Part IIA: introduction and appendices, Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker; Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1971.
Download PDF version of article - part 1 (1.9MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_las2a_part1.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])
Download PDF version of article - part 2 (3.1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_las2a_part2.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])
Download PDF version of article - part 3 (2MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_las2a_part3.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])
Download PDF version of article - part 4 (1.8MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_las2a_part4.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])
Download PDF version of article - part 5 (2.1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_las2a_part5.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Parpola, S., Letters from Assyrian scholars to the kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal (Alter Orient und Altes Testament, 5), 2 vols., Kevelaer: Butzon & Bercker, 1970-1983. Reprint Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2007

Parpola, S. and M. Porter (eds.), The Helsinki atlas of the Near East in the Neo-Assyrian period, Helsinki: Casco Bay Assyriological Institute and Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 2001.

Parpola, S. and R. Whiting (eds.), Assyria 1995, Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1997.

Parry, J.,'Layard, Sir Austen Henry (1817–1894)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2006.
View article on ODNB (requires subscription) [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/16218]

Pearce, L.E., 'The scribes and scholars of ancient Mesopotamia', in J.M. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the ancient Near East, New York: Scribner, 1995, pp. 2265-2278.

Pedersén, O., Archives and libraries in the Ancient Near East, 1500-300 BC, Bethesda, MD: CDL Press, 1998.

Postgate, J.N., 'The Land of Assur and the Yoke of Assur', World Archaeology 23 (1992), 247-263.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/124761]

Potts, D.T., Mesopotamian civilization: the material foundations, London: Athlone, 1996.
View limited preview on Google Scholar [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=OdZS9gBu4KwC]

Powell, M.A., 'Drugs and pharmaceuticals in ancient Mesopotamia', in I. Jacob and J. Jacob (eds.), The healing past, Leiden: Brill, 1993, pp. 47-67.
View limited preview of book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=dJHNPDDX2iIC]

Radner, K., 'Format and content in Neo-Assyrian texts', in R. Mattila (ed.), Nineveh 612 BC: the glory and fall of the Assyrian Empire, Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1995, pp. 63-80.
Download PDF version of article (3.1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/radner_nineveh612.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Radner, K., 'Gatekeepers and lock masters: the control of access in the Neo-Assyrian palaces', in H. D. Baker, E. Robson and G. Zolyomi (eds.), Your praise is sweet: a memorial volume for Jeremy Black, London: British Institute for the Study of Iraq, 2010, pp. 269-280.
Download PDF version of article (3.6MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/radner_ypis.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Radner, K., and E. Robson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Reade, J.E., 'Archaeology and the Kuyunjik archives,' in K.R. Veenhof (ed.), Cuneiform archives and libraries: papers read at the 30e Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Istanbul: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul, 1986, pp. 213-222.
Download PDF version of article (2MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/reade_cuneiform.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])
Download PDF version of article addenda (220KB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/reade_cuneiform_add.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Reade, J.E., 'Ninive (Nineveh)', in D. O. Edzard (ed.), Reallexikon der Assyriologie 9, Berlin: de Gruyter, 2001, pp. 388-433.

Reade, J.E., 'Visual evidence for the status and activities of Assyrian scribes', in G.B. Lanfranchi et al. (eds.), Leggo! Studies presented to Frederick Mario Fales (Leipziger Altorientalische Studien 2), Wiesbaden 2012, pp. 687-98.
Download PDF version of article (5.0MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/Reade_FS_Fales.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Roaf, M., Cultural atlas of Mesopotamia and the ancient Near East, Oxford: Equinox, 1990.

Saggs, H., The might that was Assyria, London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1984.

Sanders, S.L. (ed.), Margins of writing, origins of culture, Chicago: Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2006. Download PDF version of this book (6.2 MB) (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader) [http://oi.uchicago.edu//pdf/OIS2.pdf]

Stronach, D., 'Notes on the fall of Nineveh', in S. Parpola and R. Whiting (eds.), Assyria 1995, Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1997, pp. 307–324.

Svärd, S. and M. Luukko, 'Who were the "Ladies of the House" in the Assyrian Empire?', in M. Luukko, S. Svärd and R. Mattila (eds.), Of god(s), trees, kings, and scholars: Neo-Assyrian and related studies in honour of Simo Parpola (Studia Orientalia 106), Helsinki: Finnish Oriental Society, 2009, pp. 279-294.
Download PDF version of article (1.3MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/svaard_luukko_fsparpola.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Van De Mieroop, M., A history of the ancient Near East, ca. 3000-323 BCE, Oxford: Blackwell, 2005; 2nd ed. 2007.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=oknsEhcALLEC]

Vanstiphout, H.L.J., 'Memory and literacy in ancient Western Asia', in J. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the ancient Near East, New York: Scribner, 1995, pp. 2181-2196.

Walker, C.B.F., Cuneiform, London: British Museum Press, 1987.

Westbrook, R., 'Patronage in the ancient Near East', Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 48 (2005), 210-233.
Access article on JSTOR [https://www.jstor.org/stable/25165090] (requires subscription)

Wiggerman, F.A.M., 'Theologies, priests, and worship in ancient Mesopotamia', in J. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the ancient Near East, New York: Scribner, 1995, pp. 1857-1870.

Wiseman, D.J., 'Assyrian writing-boards', Iraq 17 (1955), 3-13.
Access article on JSTOR [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4241713?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents] (requires subscription)

Wright, D., 'Rassam, Hormuzd (1826–1910)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
View article on ODNB (requires subscription) [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/35677]

Zaccagnini, C., 'Patterns of mobility among ancient Near Eastern craftsmen', Journal of Near Eastern Studies 42 (1983), 245-264.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/544537]

Primary sources

Cole, S.W., and P. Machinist, Letters from priests to the kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal (State Archives of Assyria 13), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1998.
Download PDF version of introduction (1.9 MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/cole_machinist_saa13intro.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Dalley, S.M., Myths from Mesopotamia: Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and others, 2nd ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=7ERp_y_w1nIC]

Foster, B.R., Before the muses: an anthology of Akkadian literature, 2nd ed., Bethesda, MD: CDL Press, 2005.

Freedman, S.M., If a city is set on a height: the Akkadian omen series šumma alu ina mēlê šakin, 2 vols., Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1998, 2006.

Glassner, J.J., Mesopotamian chronicles, Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 2004.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=5gUNVtrlr28C]

George, A.R., The Epic of Gilgamesh, Harmandsworth: Penguin Classics, 1999.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=eCZRK_61adMC]

Horowitz, W., Mesopotamian cosmic geography, Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 1998.

Hunger, H., and D. Pingree, MUL.APIN. An astronomical compendium in cuneiform, Horn: Berger, 1989.

Hunger, H., Astrological reports to Assyrian kings (State Archives of Assyria 8), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1992.
Download PDF version of article (1.1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/hunger_saa8_intro.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Koch, U., Secrets of extispicy: the chapter multābiltu of the Babylonian extispicy series and niṣirti bārūti texts mainly from Assurbanipal's library (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 326), Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2005.

Koch-Westenholz, U., Babylonian liver omens: the chapters manzāzu, padānu and pān tākalti of the Babylonian extispicy series mainly from Assurbanipal's library, Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 2000.

Lambert, W.G., Babylonian Oracle Questions (Mesopotamian Civilizations 13), Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2007.

Leichty, E., The omen series Šumma Izbu (Texts From Cuneiform Sources 4), Locust Valley, NY: Augustin, 1969.

Leichty, E., The Royal Inscriptions of Esarhaddon, King of Assyria (680-669 BC) (Royal Inscriptions of the Neo-Assyrian Period, 4), Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2011.
Browse and search the RINAP 4 corpus on Oracc [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/rinap/rinap4/]

Livingstone, A., Court poetry and literary miscellanea (State Archives of Assyria 3), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1989.
Download PDF version of introduction (2.2 MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/livingstone_saa3intro.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Luukko, M. and G. Van Buylaere, The political correspondence of Esarhaddon (State Archives of Assyria 16), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 2002.
Download PDF version of article (3.4MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/luukko_buylaere_saa16intro.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Nissinen, M., Prophets and prophecy in the ancient Near East, Atlanta: Scholars Press, 2003.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=wOZOYl-T1poC]

Parpola, S., Assyrian prophecies (State Archives of Assyria 9), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1997.
Download PDF version of introduction (7.8 MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_saa9intro.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])
Download PDF version of notes to introduction (5.5 MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_saa9intro_notes.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Parpola, S., Letters from Assyrian and Babylonian scholars (State Archives of Assyria 10), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1993.
Download PDF version of introduction (1.1 MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_saa10intro.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Radner, K., H.D. Baker, et al., Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian empire, Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1998-2011.

Reiner, E. and D. Pingree, Babylonian planetary omens, 1-4. Malibu, CA: Undena Publications, 1975, 1981; Groningen: Styx 1998; Leiden: Brill, 2005.
View limited preview of volume 3 on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=j1cHZvA3coEC]

Reynolds, F., The Babylonian correspondence of Esarhaddon (State Archives of Assyria 18), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 2003.
Download PDF version of article (1.7MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/reynolds_saa18intro.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Rochberg-Halton, F., Aspects of Babylonian celestial divination: the lunar eclipse tablets of Enūma Anu Enlil, Horn: Berger, 1988.

Scurlock, J.A. and B.R. Anderson, Diagnoses in Assyrian and Babylonian medicine: ancient sources, translations, and modern medical analyses, Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2005.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=alBmzfP3cpoC]

Starr, I., Queries to the Sungod: divination and politics in Sargonid Assyria (State Archives of Assyria 4), Helsinki: Helsinki University Press, 1990.
Download PDF version of introduction - part 1 (3.1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/starr_saa04_intro1.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])
Download PDF version of introduction - part 2 (2.5MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/starr_saa04_intro2.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])
Download PDF version of introduction - part 3 (2.2MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/starr_saa04_intro3.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Starr, I., The rituals of the diviner, Malibu, CA: Undena Publications, 1983.

van Soldt, W., The solar omens of Enuma Anu Enlil, Leiden: Nederlands Instituut der Nabije Osten, 1995.

Strawn, B.A., S.C. Melville, and K. Greenwood, 'Neo-Assyrian texts II', in M.W. Chavalas (ed.), The ancient Near East: historical sources in translation, Oxford: Blackwell, 2006, pp. 331-372.

Verbrugghe, G. P. and J. M. Wickersham. 1996. Berossos and Manetho, introduced and translated: native traditions in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=2kAED-kQCJkC]

Historical studies on celestial, terrestrial, and sacrificial divination

Biggs, R.D., 'The Babylonian prophecies and the astrological traditions of Mesopotamia', Journal of Cuneiform Studies 37 (1985), 86-90.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1359960]

Bobrova, L., and Militarev, A., 'From Mesopotamia to Greece: on the origin of Semitic and Greek star names', in H.D. Galter (ed.), Die Rolle der Astronomie in den Kulturen Mesopotamiens (Grazer Morgenländische Studien 3), Graz: rm-Druck- & Verlaggesellschaft mbH, 1993, pp. 307-329.
Download PDF version of article (1.1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/bobrova_gms3.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Britton, J. and C.B.F. Walker, 'Astronomy and astrology in Mesopotamia', in C.B.F. Walker (ed.), Astronomy before the telescope, London: British Museum Press, 1996, pp. 42-67.

Brown, D.R., 'The cuneiform conception of celestial space and time.' Cambridge Archaeological Journal 10 (2000), 103-122.
Access article online (requires subscription) [http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?aid=76617]

Brown, D.R., 'The scientific revolution of 700 BC', in A.A. McDonald, M.W. Twomey, and G.J. Reinink (eds.), Learned antiquity: scholarship and society in the Near East, the Greco-Roman world, and the early medieval West, Leuven: Peeters, 2003, pp. 1-12.
View limited preview of this book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=5UL8_CdkX_8C]

Brown, D.R., Mesopotamian planetary astronomy-astrology (Cuneiform Monographs 18), Groningen: Styx, 2000.

Butler, S., Mesopotamian conceptions of dreams and dream rituals, Munster: Ugarit-Verlag, 1998.

Ciraolo, L.J. and J. Seidel (eds.), Magic and divination in the ancient world, Groningen: Styx, 2002.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=VJ-kv9ueQREC]

Frahm, E., 'Reading the tablet, the exta, and the body: the hermeneutics of cuneiform signs in Babylonian and Assyrian text commentaries and divinatory texts', in A. Annus (ed.), Divination and interpretation of signs in the ancient world (Oriental Institute Publications, 6), Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2010, pp. 93–142.
Download PDF version of book (3.1MB) from publisher's website [http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/ois6.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Grayson, A.K., 'Assyria and Babylonia', Orientalia 49 (1980), 140-194.

Guinan, A., 'A severed head laughed: stories of divinatory interpretation,' in L. Ciraolo and J. Seidel (eds.), Magic and divination in the ancient world (Ancient Magic and Divination 2), Groningen: Styx, 2002, pp. 7-40.

Guinan, A., 'Left/right symbolism in Mesopotamian divination', State Archives of Assyria Bulletin 10 (1996), 5-10.
Download PDF version of article (373 KB) from publisher's website [http://www.helsinki.fi/science/saa/10.1%2002%20Guinan.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Guinan, A., 'Social constructions and private designs: the house omens of Šumma alu', in K.R. Veenhof (ed.), Houses and households in ancient Mesopotamia: papers read at the 40th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Leiden: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul, 1996, pp. 61-68.

Gurney, O.R., 'The Babylonians and Hittites,' in M. Loewe and C. Blacker (eds.), Divination and oracles, London: George Allen and Unwin, 1981, pp. 142-173.

Jean, C., 'Divination and oracles at the Neo-Assyrian palace: the importance of signs in royal ideology', in A. Annus (ed.), Divination and interpretation of signs in the ancient world (Oriental Institute Publications, 6), Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2010, pp. 267–276.
Download PDF version of book (3.1MB) from publisher's website [http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/ois6.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Jeyes, U., 'Assurbanipal's bārûtu', in H. Waetzoldt and H. Hauptmann (eds.), Assyrien im Wandel der Zeiten (Heidelberger Studien zum Alten Orient 6), Heidelberg: Heidelberger Orientverlag, 1997, pp. 61-65.
Download PDF version of article (524KB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/jeyes_crra39.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Jeyes, U., 'Divination as a science in ancient Mesopotamia', Jaarbericht Ex Oriente Lux 32 (1991-1992), 23-41.
Download PDF version of article (1.4MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/jeyes_jeol32.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Koch, U., 'Three strikes and you're out! A view on cognitive theory and the first-millennium extispicy ritual', in A. Annus (ed.), Divination and interpretation of signs in the ancient world (Oriental Institute Publications, 6), Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2010, pp. 43–60.
Download PDF version of book (3.1MB) from publisher's website [http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/ois6.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Koch-Westenholz, U., Mesopotamian astrology: an introduction to Babylonian and Assyrian celestial divination, Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1996.
View limited preview on Googe Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=8QiwAqGlmAQC]

Lambert, W.G., 'The qualifications of Babylonian diviners', in S.M. Maul (ed.), tikip santakki mala bašmu: Festschrift für Rykle Borger (Cuneiform Monographs 10), Groningen: Styx 1998, pp. 141-158.

Livingstone, A., 'The magic of time', in T. Abusch and K. van der Toorn (eds.), Mesopotamian magic: textual, historical, and interpretative perspectives, Groningen: Styx, 1999, pp. 131-137.
View limited preview of book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Z7qmCUkx60sC]

Maul, S.M., 'How Babylonians protected themselves against calamities announced by omens,' in T. Abusch and K. van der Toorn (eds.), Mesopotamian magic: textual, historical, and interpretative perspectives, Groningen: Styx, 1999, pp. 123-129.
View limited preview of book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Z7qmCUkx60sC]

Oppenheim, A.L., 'A Babylonian diviner's manual', Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Studies 33 (1974), 197-221.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/544733]

Oppenheim, A.L., 'Divination and celestial observation in the last Assyrian empire', Centaurus 14 (1969), 97-135. [very technical]
View article online [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0498.1969.tb00139.x/pdf] (requires subscription)

Parpola, S., 'Mesopotamian astrology and astronomy as domains of Mesopotamian "wisdom"', in H.D. Galter (ed.), Die Rolle der Astronomie (Grazer Morgenländische Studien 3), Graz: rm-Druck- & Verlaggesellschaft mbH, 1993, pp. 47-59.
Download PDF version of article (880KB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/parpola_gms3.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Robson, E., 'Counting the days: scholarly conceptions and quantifications of time in Assyria and Babylonia, c. 750-250 BC', in R. Rosen (ed.), Time and temporality in the ancient world, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 2004, pp. 45-90.
Download PDF version of article (3.6MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/robson_time.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Robson, E., 'Empirical scholarship in the Neo-Assyrian court', in G. Selz and K. Wagensonner (eds.), The Empirical Dimension of Ancient Near Eastern Studies (Wiener Offene Orientalistik 6), Vienna, pp. 603-630.
Download PDF version of article (1.1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/robson-empirical.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Rochberg, F., 'The cultural locus of astronomy in Late Babylonia,' in H.D. Galter (ed.), Die Rolle der Astronomie in den Kulturen Mesopotamiens (Grazer Morgenländische Studien 3), Graz: rm-Druck- & Verlaggesellschaft mbH, 1993, pp. 31-45.
Download PDF version of article (1.4MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/rochberg_gms3.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Rochberg, F., 'Continuity and change in omen literature', in B. Böck et al. (eds.), Munuscula Mesopotamica: Festschrift für Johannes Renger, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 1999, pp. 415-425.
Download PDF version of article (828KB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/rochberg_aoat267.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Rochberg, F., The heavenly writing: divination, horoscopy, and astronomy in Mesopotamian culture, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Preview this book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=TjiVXdSMRu4C]

Starr, I., 'Chapters 1 and 2 of the bārûtu', State Archives of Assyria Bulletin 6 (1992), 45-54.
Download PDF version of article (440 KB) from publisher's website [http://www.helsinki.fi/science/saa/6.1%2005%20Starr.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Steinkeller, P., 'Of stars and men: the conceptual and mythological setup of Babylonian extispicy', in A. Gianto (ed.), Biblical and Oriental essays in memory of William L. Moran (Biblica et Orientalia 48), Rome: Pontifical Biblical Institute, 2005, pp. 11-47.

Veldhuis, N., 'Divination: theory and use', in A. Guinan et al. (eds.), If a man builds a joyful house: Assyriological studies in honor of Erle Verdun Leichty, Leiden: Brill, 2006, pp. 487-497.

Veldhuis, N., 'Reading the signs', in H.L.J. Vanstiphout (ed.), All those nations: cultural encounters within and with the Near East, Groningen: Styx, 1999, pp. 161-174.
View limited preview of book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=4geGv5N8AUoC]

Veldhuis, N., 'The theory of knowledge and the practice of celestial divination', in A. Annus (ed.), Divination and interpretation of signs in the ancient world (Oriental Institute Publications, 6), Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2010, pp. 77–90.
Download PDF version of book (3.1MB) from publisher's website [http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/ois6.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Williams, C., 'Signs from the sky, signs from the earth: the Diviner's Manual revisited', in J.M. Steele and A. Imhausen (eds.), Under one sky: astronomy and mathematics in the ancient Near East (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 297), Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2002, pp. 473-485.
Download PDF version of article (3.7MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/williams_uos.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Historical studies on magic, medicine, and healing

Abusch, T. and K. van der Toorn (eds.), Mesopotamian magic: textual, historical and interpretive perspectives. Groningen: Styx, 2000.
View limited preview of book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Z7qmCUkx60sC]

Abusch, T., Mesopotamian witchcraft: toward a history and understanding of Babylonian witchcraft beliefs and literature, Leiden: Brill Styx, 2002.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Slhv-0ewLHwC]

Avalos, H., 'Medicine', in E.M. Meyers (ed.), Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East III, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp. 450-459.

Avalos, H., Illness and health care in the ancient Near East: the role of the temple in Greece, Mesopotamia, and Israel, Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995.

Biggs, R.D., 'Conception, contraception, and abortion in ancient Mesopotamia', in A.R. George and I.L. Finkel (eds.), Wisdom, gods, and literature: studies in honour of W.G. Lambert, Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2000, pp. 1-13.

Biggs, R.D., 'Medicine, surgery, and public health in ancient Mesopotamia', in J. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the ancient Near East, New York: Scribner, 1995, pp. 1911-1924.

Böck, B., '"When you perform the ritual of 'rubbing'": of magic and medicine in ancient Mesopotamia', Journal of Near Eastern Studies 62 (2003), 1-16.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/375913]

Finkel, I.L., 'Adad-apla-iddina, Esagil-kin-apli, and the series SA.GIG', in E. Leichty et al. (eds.), A scientific humanist: studies in memory of Abraham Sachs, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1988, pp. 143-159.
Download PDF version of article (1.2MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/finkel_fs_sachs.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Geller, M.J., 'West meets east: early Greek and Babylonian diagnosis', Archiv für Orientforschung 48-49 (2001-2002), 50-75.
Download PDF version of article (19.7MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/geller_afo48.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Heeßel, N.P., 'Diagnosis, divination and disease: towards and understanding of the rationale behind the Babylonian Diagnostic Handbook', in H.F.J. Horstmanshoff and M. Stol (eds.), Magic and rationality in ancient Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman medicine, Leiden: Brill, 2004, pp. 97-116.
View limited preview of book in Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=p6rejN-iF0IC]

Horstmanshoff, H.F.J. and M. Stol (eds.), Magic and rationality in ancient Near Eastern and Graeco-Roman medicine, Leiden: Brill, 2004.
View limited preview in Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=p6rejN-iF0IC]

Nakamura, C., 'Dedicating magic: Neo-Assyrian apotropaic figurines and the protection of Assur', World Archaeology 36 (2004), 11-25
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4128300]

Ornan, T., 'The goddess Gula and her dog', Israel Museum Studies in Archaeology 3 (2004), 13-30.

Reiner, E., 'Magic figurines, amulets and talismans', in A. Farkas et al. (eds.), Monsters and demons in the ancient and medieval worlds, Mainz: von Zabern, 1987, 27-36.

Reiner, E., Astral magic in Babylonia, Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1995.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/1006642]

Robson, E., 'Mesopotamian medicine and religion: current debates, new perspectives', Religion Compass 2 (2008), 455–483.
Access article online [http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1749-8171.2008.00082.x/pdf] (requires subscription)

Scurlock, J.A., 'Baby-snatching demons, restless souls, and the dangers of childbirth', Incognita 2 (1991), 137-185.

Scurlock, J.A., 'Physician, exorcist, conjurer, magician: a tale of two healing professionals', in T. Abusch and K. van der Toorn (eds.), Mesopotamian magic: textual, historical, and interpretative perspectives, Groningen: Styx, 1999, pp. 69-79.
View limited preview of book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Z7qmCUkx60sC]

Scurlock, J.A. and B.R. Anderson, Diagnoses in Assyrian and Babylonian medicine: ancient sources, translations, and modern medical analyses, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2005.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=alBmzfP3cpoC]

Stol, M., 'Diagnosis and therapy in Babylonian medicine', Jaarbericht Ex Oriente Lux 32 (1991-1992), 42-55.
Download PDF version of article (1.8MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/stol_jeol32.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Stol, M., Birth in Babylonia and the Bible: its Mediterranean setting, Groningen: Styx, 2000.
View limited preview in Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=-n4LQNeU1ckC]

Stol, M., Epilepsy in Babylonia, Groningen: Styx, 1993.
View limited preview in Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Tu-MYstDdvoC]

Van der Toorn, K., 'Magic at the cradle: a reassessment', in T. Abusch and K. van der Toorn (eds.), Mesopotamian magic: textual, historical and interpretive perspectives, Groningen: Styx, 2000, pp. 139-147.
View limited preview of book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Z7qmCUkx60sC]

Wiggermann, F.A.M., 'Lamaštu, daughter of Anu: a profile', in M. Stol, Birth in Babylonia and the Bible: its Mediterranean setting, Groningen: Styx, 2000, pp. 217-252.
View limited preview of book in Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=-n4LQNeU1ckC]

Historical studies on politics, religion, and scholarship

Bidmead, J., The akītu festival: religious continuity and royal legitimation in Mesopotamia. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2002.

Bottéro, J., 'The ministers of the cult', in Religion in Mesopotamia, trans. T. Lavender Fagan, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, Pp. 119-125

Colless, B.E., 'Divine education', Numen 17 (1970), 118-142.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/3269690]

Elman, Y., 'Authoritative oral tradition in Neo-Assyrian scribal circles', Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society 7 (1975), 19-32.
Download pdf from the Jewish Theological Seminary [https://web.archive.org/web/20150421050449/http://jtsa.edu/Documents/pagedocs/JANES/1975%207/Elman7.pdf]

Fales, F.M. and G.B. Lanfranchi, 'The impact of oracular materials on the political utterances and political actions of the Sargonid dynasty', in J.-G. Heintz (ed.), Oracles et propheties dans l'antiquité, Paris: de Boccard, 1997, pp. 99-114.

Fincke, J.C., 'The Babylonian texts of Nineveh: report on the British Museum's Ashurbanipal Library Project', Archiv für Orientforschung 50 (2003-2004), 111-149.
Download PDF version of article (5.5MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/fincke_afo50.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Frahm, E., Babylonian and Assyrian Text Commentaries: Origins of Interpretation (Guides to the Mesopotamian Textual Record 5), Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2011.

Frame, G., 'Babylon: Assyria's problem and Assyria's prize', Journal of the Canadian Society for Mesopotamian Studies 3 (2008), 21-31.
Download PDF version of article (1.3MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/frame_jcsms3.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Frame, G. and A.R. George, 'The royal libraries of Nineveh: new evidence for king Ashurbanipal's tablet collection', Iraq 67 (2005), 265-284.
Read article on JSTOR [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4200582] (requires subscription)

Frahm, E., 'Royal hermeneutics: observations on the commentaries from Ashurbanipal's libraries at Nineveh', Iraq 66 (2004), 45-50.
View article on JSTOR [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4200557] (requires subscription)

Geller, M.J., 'Incipits and rubrics', in A.R. George and I.L. Finkel (eds.), Wisdom, gods and literature, Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2000, pp. 225-258.

Goldstein, R., 'Late Babylonian Letters on collecting tablets and their Hellenistic background: a suggestion', Journal of Near Eastern Studies 69 (2010), 199-207.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/598802]

Green, A.R., 'Beneficent spirits and malevolent demons: the iconography of good and evil in ancient Assyria and Babylonia', Visible Religion 3 (1984), 80-105.

Green, A.R., 'Neo-Assyrian apotropaic figures', Iraq 45 (1983), 87-96, pl. XV.
View article on JSTOR [http://www.jstor.org/stable/4200182] (requires subscription)

Kwasman, T., 'A Neo-Assyrian royal funerary text', in M. Luukko, S. Svärd and R. Mattila (eds.), Of god(s), trees, kings, and scholars: Neo-Assyrian and related studies in honour of Simo Parpola (Studia Orientalia 106), Helsinki: Finnish Oriental Society, 2009, pp. 111-125.
Download PDF version of article (1.6MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/kwasman_fsparpola.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Lanfranchi, G.B., 'Scholars and scholarly tradition in Neo-Assyrian times: a case study', State Archives of Assyria Bulletin 3 (1989), 99-114.
Download PDF version of article (965 KB) from publisher's website [http://www.helsinki.fi/science/saa/3.2%2006%20Lanfranchi.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Leichty, E., 'Divination, magic, and astrology in the Assyrian royal court', in S. Parpola and R. Whiting (eds.), Assyria 1995, Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1997, pp. 161-164.

Leichty, E., 'Esarhaddon, king of Assyria', in J.M. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the ancient Near East, New York Scribner, 1995, pp. 949-958.

Leichty, E., 'The origins of scholarship,' in H.D. Galter (ed.), Die Rolle der Astronomie in den Kulturen Mesopotamiens (Grazer Morgenländische Studien 3). Graz: rm-Druck- & Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, 1993, pp. 21-29.
Download PDF version of article (692KB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/leichty_gms3.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Lenzi, A., Secrecy and the gods: secret knowledge in ancient Mesopotamia and Biblical Israel (State Archives of Assyria Studies 19), Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 2008.

Lieberman, S.J., 'A Mesopotamian background for the so-called aggadic "measures" of Biblical hermeneutics?', Hebrew Union College Annual 58 (1987), 157-225.

Lieberman, S.J., 'Canonical and official cuneiform texts: towards an understanding of Assurbanipal's personal tablet collection', in T. Abusch, J. Huehnergard and P. Steinkeller (eds.), Lingering over words: studies in ancient Near Eastern literature in honor of William L. Moran, Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1990, pp. 305-336.
Download PDF version of article (2.5MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/lieberman_fs_moran.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Livingstone, A., 'Ashurbanipal: literate or not?', Zeitschrift für Assyriologie 97 (2007), 98-118.
Access article online (requires subscription) [https://doi.org/10.1515/ZA.2007.005]

Löhnert A., 'The installation of priests according to Neo-Assyrian documents,' State Archives of Assyria Bulletin 16 (2007), 273-286.

Michalowski, P., 'Adapa and the ritual process', Rocznik Orientalistyczny 41 (1980), 77-82.
Download PDF version of article (420KB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/michalowski_ro41.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Michalowski, P., 'Presence at the creation', in T. Abusch, J. Huehnergard and P. Steinkeller (eds.), Lingering over words: studies in ancient Near Eastern literature in honor of William L. Moran, Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1990, pp. 381-396.
Download PDF version of article (1.1MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/michalowski_fs_moran.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Nissinen, M., References to prophecy in Neo-Assyrian sources (State Archives of Assyria Studies 7), Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1998.

Oppenheim, A.L., 'The position of the intellectual in Mesopotamian society', Daedalus 104 (1975), 37-46.
View article on JSTOR [http://www.jstor.org/stable/20024328] (requires subscription)

Parpola, S., 'Assyrian library records.' Journal of Near Eastern Studies 42 (1983), 1-29.
View article on JSTOR (requires subscription) [http://www.jstor.org/stable/544744]

Parpola, S., 'The forlorn scholar,' in F. Rochberg-Halton (ed.), Language, literature, and history: philological and historical studies presented to Erica Reiner, New Haven, CT: American Oriental Society, 1987, pp. 257-278.

Parpola, S., 'The murderer of Sennacherib', in B. Alster (ed.), Death in Mesopotamia (Mesopotamia 8) Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag, 1980, pp. 171-182.

Péçirková, J., 'Divination and politics in the Late Assyrian empire', Archiv Orientální 53 (1985), 155-168.
Download PDF version of article (2.0MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/pecirkova_aror.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Pongratz-Leisten, B., 'The interplay of military strategy and cultic practice in Assyrian politics', in S. Parpola and R. M. Whiting (eds.), Assyria 1995, Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1997, pp. 245-252.

Porter, B.N., Images, power, and politics: figurative aspects of Esarhaddon's Babylonian policy, Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1993.
View limited preview on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=kUsLAAAAIAAJ]

Postgate, J.N., 'Mesopotamian petrology: stages in the classification of the material world', Cambridge Archaeological Journal 7 (1997), 205-224.
View article online [http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1017/S0959774300001943] (requires subscription)

Radner, K., 'The Trials of Esarhaddon: The Conspiracy of 670 BC', in P. Miglus and J.M. Cordoba (eds.), Assur und sein Umland (Isimu: Revista sobre Oriente Proximo y Egipto en la antiguedad 6), Madrid: Servicio de Publicaciones Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 2003 (published 2007), pp. 165-184.
Download PDF version of article (2.4MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/radner_2007.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Radner, K., 'The Assyrian king and his scholars: the Syro-Anatolian and the Egyptian schools', in M. Luukko, S. Svärd andR. Mattila (eds.), Of god(s), trees, kings, and scholars: Neo-Assyrian and related studies in honour of Simo Parpola (Studia Orientalia 106), Helsinki: Finnish Oriental Society, 2009, pp. 221-238.
Download PDF version of article (1.3MB) [http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/knpp/downloads/radner_fsparpola.pdf] (requires free Adobe Acrobat reader [http://www.adobe.com/uk/products/acrobat/readstep2.html])

Reade, J.M., 'Religious ritual in Assyrian sculpture', in B.N. Porter (ed.), Ritual and politics in ancient Mesopotamia, New Haven: American Oriental Society, 2005, pp. 7-62.

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Theory and method

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View limited preview of book on Google Books [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Z7qmCUkx60sC]

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