Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ABRTJ.A.Craig, Assyrian and Babylonian Religious Texts. (Leipzig 1895)
ADBC.H.W. Johns, An Assyrian Doomsday Book (Leipzig 1901)
ADDC.H.W. Johns, Assyrian Deeds and Documents (Cambridge 1898-1923)
AnStAnatolian Studies
AOATAlter Orient und Altes Testament
ARINHF.M. Fales (ed.), Assyrian Royal Inscriptions: New Horizons in Literary, Ideological and Historical Analysis (Orientis Antiqui Collectio XVIII, Rome 1981)
BiOrBibliotheca Orientalis
CADChicago Assyrian Dictionary
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
CTNCuneiform Texts from Nimrud
CRRACompte rendu, Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
GPA J.N.Postgate, The Governor's Palace Archive (CTN2, London 1973)
Grayson ChroniclesA.K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (Texts from Cuneiform Sources 5, New York 1975)
Hhlexical series HAR.ra=hubullu
JENE.Chiera, Joint Expedition with the Iraq Museum at Nuzi
Ktablets in the Kouyunjik collection of the British Museum
KAV0. Schoeder, Keilschriftexte aus Assur verschiedenen Inhalts (Leipzig 1920)
Lacheman AVM.A. Morrison and D.I. Owen (eds.), Studies ... in Honor of Ernest R. Lacheman on his 75th Birthday (Winona Lake 1981)
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
Lie Sar.A.G. Lie, The Inscriptions of Sargon II, King of Assyria I (Paris 1929)
NDfield numbers of tablets excavated at Nimrud
NLH.W. Saggs, "The Nimrud Letters", Iraq 17 (1955), 21ff., etc.
OIPOriental Institute Publications
Pract. Voc. AssurPractical Vocabulary of Assur
RGTCRepertoire Geographique de Textes Cuneiformes (Wiesbaden 1974ff)
RIAReallexikon der Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
SAAState Archives of Assyria
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
StOrStudia Orientalia
Tell HalafJ. Friedrich et alii, Die Inschriften vom Tell Halaf (Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 6, Neudruck Osnabrück 1967)
TCAE J.N. Postgate, Taxation and Conscription in the Assyrian Empire (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 3, Rome 1984)
RCAEL. Waterman, Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire (Ann Arbor 1930-1936)
VSVorderasiatische Schriftdenkmaler der Koniglichen Museen zu Berlin
VTED.J. Wiseman, The Vassal Treaties of Esarhaddon (London 1958)
WOWelt des Orients
ZAZeitschrift fur Assyriologie

W and Y in the critical apparatus (followed by page number) refer to collations in RCAE and S. Ylvisaker, Zur babylonischen und assyrischen Grammatik (LSS 5/6, Leipzig 1912) respectively.

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

MAMiddle Assyrian
r., Rev.reverse
s.(left) side
?uncertain reading
:.cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break (one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
.......untranslatable passage

Simo Parpola

Simo Parpola, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part I: Letters from Assyria and the West, SAA 1. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1987; online contents: SAAo/SAA01 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

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SAAo/SAA01, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
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