Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ADDC.H.W. Johns, Assyrian Deeds and Documents (Cambridge 1898-1923)
AOtablets on the collections of the Musee du Louvre
AOATAlter Orient und Altes Testament
ARINHF.M. Fales (ed.), Assyrian Royal Inscriptions: New Horizons in Literary, Ideological and Historical Analysis (Orientis Antiqui Collectio XVIII, Rome 1981)
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Borger Esarh.R. Borger, Die Inschrift Esarhaddons, Königs von Assyrien, (AfO Beiheft 9, Graz 1956)
Butablets in the collections of the British Museum
CADChicago Assyrian Dictionary
Deller ZagrosK. Deller, Ausgewählte neuassyrische Briefe betreffend Urarṭu zur Zeit Sargons II., in P.E. Pecorella - M. Salvini, Tra lo Zagros e l'Urmia. Ricerche storiche ed archeologiche nell'Azerbaibgian iraniano (Rome 1984)
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
GPA J.N.Postgate, The Governor's Palace Archive (CTN2, London 1973)
JRASJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society
Ktablets in the collections of the British Museum
KAVO. Schoeder, Keilschriftexte aus Assur verschiedenen Inhalts (Leipzig 1920)
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
Lie Sar.A.G. Lie, The Inscriptions of Sargon II, King of Assyria I (Paris 1929)
Ménant, CatalogueJ. Ménant, Catalogue des cylindres orientaux du Cabinet Royal des Médailles de la Haye (La Haye 1878)
Ntablets in the collections of the Museé du Louvre
NDfield numbers of tablets excavated at Nimrud
NLH.W. Saggs, "The Nimrud Letters", Iraq 17 (1955), 21ff., etc.
OrAntOriens Antiquus
Payne-SmithJ. Payne Smith (ed.), A Compendious Syriac Dictionary (Oxford 1903)
RH. C. Rawlinson, The Cuneiform Inscriptions Western Asia (London 1861-1884)
RCAE L. Waterman, Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire, I-IV (Ann Arbor 1930-1936)
RlAReallexikon der Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Rost Tigl.P. Rost, Die Keilschrift texte Tiglat-Pilesers III (Leipzig 1893)
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
Salvini ZagrosM. Salvini, La storia della regione in epoca urartea. I documenti, in P.E. Pecorella - M. Salvini, Tra lo Zagros e l'Urmia. Ricerche storiche ed archeologiche nell'Azerbaigian iraniano (Rome 1984)
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
TCAE J.N. Postgate, Taxation and Conscription in the Assyrian Empire (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 3, Rome 1974)
TCL Text cunéiformes du Louvre
TCL 3F. Thureau-Dangin, Une relation de la huitième campagne de Sargon (Musée du Louvre, Département des Antiquités Orientales. Textes Cunéiformes 3, Paris 1912)
Thtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Winckler Sar.H. Winckler, Die Keilschrifttexte Sargons (Leipzig 1889)
ZAZeitschrift for Assyriologie

W and Y in the critical apparatus (followed by page number) refer to collations in RCAE and S. Ylvisaker, Zur babylonischen und assyrischen Grammatik (LSS 5/6, Leipzig 1912) respectively.

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

DNdivine name
GNgeographical name
RNroyal name
r., rev.reverse
s.(left) side
coll.collated, collation
?uncertain reading
:.cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break (one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
.......untranslatable passage
see also
+joined to

Giovanni B. Lanfranchi

Giovanni B. Lanfranchi, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part II: Letters from the Northern and Northeastern Provinces, SAA 5. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1990; online contents: SAAo/SAA05 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

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