Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

AAssur (tablets in the collections of Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri)
AAAAnnals of Archaeology and Anthropology
ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ABRTJ. A. Craig, Assyrian and Babylonian Religious Texts (Leipzig 1895)
ADDC. H. W. Johns, Assyrian Deeds and Documents (Cambridge 1898-1923)
AfOArchiv für Orientforschung
AHw.W. van Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch (Wiesbaden 1957-81)
AJSLAmerican Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures
ARJ. Kohler - A. Ungnad, Assyrische Rechtsurkunden (Leipzig 1913)
ASAssyriological Studies
Assfield numbers of tablets excavated at Assur
Bauer AsbTh. Bauer, Das lnschriftenwerk Assurbanipals I-II ( Leipzig 1933)
BaMBaghdader Mitteilungen
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Borger Esarh.R. Borger, Die lnschriften Asarhaddons, Königs von Assyrien (AfO Beiheft 9, Graz 1956)
CADThe Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (Chicago 1956- )
Cat.C. Bezold, Catalogue of the Cuneiform Tablets in the Kouyunjik Collection I-V (London 1889-99)
CTNCuneiform Texts from Nimrud
CTN 4D. J. Wiseman and J. A. Black, Literary texts from the temple of Nabû (Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud 4, London forthcoming)
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Fales CensimentiF. M. Fales, Censimenti e catasti di epoca neo-assira (Rome 1973)
Fales EpigraphsF. M. Fales, Aramaic Epigraphs on Clay Tablets of the Neo-Assyrian Period (Rome 1986)
FNALDJ. N. Postgate, Fifty Neo-Assyrian Legal Documents (Warminster 1976)
Grayson ChroniclesA. K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (Texts from Cuneiform Sources 5, Glückstadt 1975)
HKLR. Borger, Handbuch der Keilschriftliteratur I-III (Berlin 1967-75)
Hunger ColophonsH. Hunger, Babylonische und assyrische Kolophone (Alter Orient und altes Testament 2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1968)
JEOLJaarbericht ... "Ex Oriente Lux"
JRASJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society
Ktablets in the collections of the British Museum
K.Konstantinopel (tablets in the collections of the Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri)
KAHO. Schroeder, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur historischen lnhalts (Leipzig 1922)
KAVO. Schroeder, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur verschiedenen lnhalts (Leipzig 1920)
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
Luckenbill Senn.D. D. Luckenbill, The Annals of Sennacherib (Oriental Institute Publications 2, Chicago 1924)
Lyon SargonD. G. Lyon, Keilschrifttexte Sargon's Königs von Assyrien (722- 705 v. Chr.) (Assyriologische Bibliothek 5, Leipzig 1883)
Menzel TempelB. Menzel, Assyrische Tempel I-II (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 10, Rome 1981)
MVAGMitteilungen der Vorderasiatisch-Ägyptischen Gesellschaft
NALKT. Kwasman, Neo-Assyrian Legal Documents in the Kouyunjik Collection of the British Museum (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 14, Rome 1988)
NARGDJ. N. Postgate, Neo-Assyrian Royal Grants and Decrees (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 1, Rome 1969)
NDfield numbers of tablets excavated at Nimrud
OrOrientalia, Nova Series
Pedersén ArchivesO. Pedersén, Archives and Libraries in the City of Assur I-II (Uppsala 1985-86)
PKOMPublicationen der kaiserlich osmanischen Museen (Konstantinopel)
PKTAE. Ebeling, Parfümrezepte und kultische Texte aus Assur (Rome 1952)
PSBAProceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology
RH. C. Rawlinson, The Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia (London 1861-84)
RIAReallexikon der Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
SAASState Archives of Assyria Studies
Seux EpithètesM.-J. Seux, Epithètes royales akkadiennes et sumériennes (Paris 1967)
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Streck AsbM. Streck, Assurbanipal I-III (Vorderasiatische Bibliothek 7, Leipzig 1916)
STTO. R. Gurney and P. Hulin, The Sultantepe Tablets I-II (London 1957-64)
TCAEJ. N. Postgate, Taxation and Conscription in the Assyrian Empire (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 3, Rome 1974)
Thtablets in the collections of the British Museum
VAinscriptions in the collections of the Staatliche Museen, Berlin
VATtablets in the collections of the Staatliche Museen, Berlin
ZAZeitschrift für Assyriologie
Zadok West SemitesR. Zadok, On West Semites in Babylonia during the Chaldean and Achaemenid Periods. An Onomastic Study (Jerusalem 1977)

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

OAOld Assyrian
DNdivine name
GNgeographical name
PNpersonal name
r., rev.reverse
rs.right side
s.(left) side
coll.collated, collation
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see p. XXXVIII and LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break ( one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
......untranslatable passage
see also
+joined to

Laura Kataja & Robert Whiting

Laura Kataja & Robert Whiting, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', Grants, Decres and Gifts of the Neo-Assyrian Period, SAA 12. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1995; online contents: SAAo/SAA12 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 []

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SAAo/SAA12, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
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