Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

AAssur (tablets in the collections of the Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri)
ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ADDC. H. W. Johns, Assyrian Deeds and Documents (Cambridge 1898-1923)
AfOArchiv für Orientforschung
AHw.W. von Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch (Wiesbaden 1957-81)
AJSLAmerican Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures
ANET3 J. B. Pritchard (ed.), Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (3rd edition, Princeton 1969)
AnOrAnalecta Orientalia
AOtablets in the collections of the Musée du Louvre
AOATAlter Orient und Altes Testament
AOTUAltorientalische Texte und Untersuchungen
ARMArchives royales de Mari
ArOr Archiv Orientální
ASAssyriological Studies
ASJActa Sumerologica (Japan, Hiroshima)
Assfield numbers of tablets excavated at Assur
Assyria 1995S. Parpola and R. M. Whiting (ed.), Proceedings of the 1Oth Anniversary Symposium of the Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, Helsinki, September 7-11, 1995 (Helsinki 1997)
BABeiträge zur Assyriologie und semitischen Sprachwissenschaft
BaMBaghdader Mitteilungen
BASORBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
BBEAB. Landsberger, Brief des Bischofs van Esagila an König Asarhaddon, Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, afd. letterkunde, nieuwe reeks 28/6 (Amsterdam 1965)
BiOrBibliotheca Orientalis
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
BMECCJ 8H.I.H. Prince Takahito Mikasa (ed.), Essays on Ancient Anatolia and its Surrounding Civilizations (Bulletin of the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan 8, Wiesbaden 1995)
Borger Esarh.R. Borger, Die Inschriften Asarhaddons, Königs von Assyrien (AfO Beiheft 9, Graz 1956)
BSOASBulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
Butablets in the collections of The British Museum
CADThe Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (Chicago 1956-)
CBStablets in the collections of the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
CTNCuneiform Texts from Nimrud
Cuneiform ArchivesK. R. Veenhof (ed.), Cuneiform Archives and Libraries: Papers Read at the 30e Rencontre A ssyriologique, Leiden, 4-8 July 1983 (Leiden 1986)
Dietrich AramäerM. Dietrich, Die Aramäer Südbabyloniens in der Sargonidenzeit (700-648) (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 7, Kevelaer and Neukirchen- Vluyn 1970)
DPF.-M. Allotte de la Füye, Documents présargoniques (Paris 1908-13)
van Driel CultG. van Driel, The Cult of Aššur (Assen 1969)
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Ebeling SVATE. Ebeling, Stiftungen und Vorschriften für assyrische Tempel (Berlin 1954)
Fales Cento LettereFales F. M. Fales, Cento lettere neo-assire (Venezia 1983)
Fales and Lanfranchi LettereF. M. Fales and G. B. Lanfranchi, Lettere dalla corte Assira (Venezia 1992)
Festschrift ReinerF. Rochberg-Halton (ed.), Language, Literature, and History: Philological and Historical Studies Presented to Erica Reiner (American Oriental Series 67, New Haven 1987)
Frame BabyloniaG. Frame, Babylonia 689-627 B.C.: A Political History (Uitgaven van het Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul 69, Leiden 1992)
Friedrich et al. Tell HalafJ. Friedrich, G. R. Meyer, A. Ungnad and E. F. Weidner, Die Inschriften von Tell Halaf (Archiv für Orientforschung Beiheft 6, Berlin 1940)
GCCIR. P. Dougherty, Goucher College Cuneiform Inscriptions I-II (New Haven 1923, 1933)
George BTTA. R. George, Babylonian Topographical Texts (Leuven 1992)
George HouseA. R. George, House Most High: The Temples of Ancient Mesopotamia (Mesopotamian Civilizations 5, Winona Lake 1993)
Grayson ChroniclesA. K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (Texts from Cuneiform Sources 5, Glückstadt 1975)
ITTInventaire des Tablettes de Tello conservées au Musée Impérial Ottoman I-V (Paris 1910- 1921)
JAOSJournal of the American Oriental Society
JCSJournal of Cuneiform Studies
JEOLJaarbericht . .. "Ex Oriente Lux"
JESHOJournal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
JNESJournal of Near Eastern Studies
JRASJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society
Ktablets in the collections of the British Museum
K.Konstantinopel (tablets in the collections of the Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri)
KAH0. Schroeder, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur historischen Inhalts (Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 37, Leipzig 1922)
KAJE. Ebeling, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur juridischen Inhalts (Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 50, Leipzig 1927)
KARE. Ebeling, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur religiösen lnhalts I-II (Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 28 and 34, Leipzig 1919, 1922)
KAV0. Schroeder, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur verschiedenen Inhalts (Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 35, Leipzig 1920)
Kitablets in the collections of The British Museum
King Cat. Suppl.L. W. King, Catalogue of the Cuneiform Tablets in the Kouyunjik Collection, Supplement (London 1914)
Kramer Le mariageS. N. Kramer, Le mariage sacré, translated by J. Bottéro (Paris 1983)
Labat HémérologiesR. Labat, Hémérologies et ménologies d 'Assur (Paris 1949)
Lambert Love LyricsW. G. Lambert, "The Problem of the Love Lyrics," in H. Goedicke and J. Roberts (eds. ), Unity and Diversity (Baltimore 1975) 98-135
Lanfranchi I CimmeriG. B. Lanfranchi, I Cimmeri, Emergegza delle élites militari iraniche nel Vicino Oriente (VIII-VII sec. a.C.) (Padova 1990)
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn 1970, 1983)
LSSLeipziger Semitische Studien
Luckenbill Senn.D. D. Luckenbill, The Annals of Sennacherib (Oriental Institute Publications 2, Chicago 1924)
MAOGMitteilungen der Altorientalischen Gesellschaft
Mel. PinetM. Lebeau and Ph. Talon (eds.), Reflets des Deux Fleuves: Volume de mélanges offert à Andre Finet (Akkadica, Supplementum VI, Leuven 1989)
Mel. GarelliD. Charpin and F. Joannès (eds.), Marchands, diplomates et empereurs: Études sur la civilisation mésopotamienne offerts à Paul Garelli (Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations, Paris 1991)
Menzel TempelB. Menzel, Assyrische Tempel I-II (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 10, Rome 1981)
MVAGMitteilungen der Vorderasiatisch-Ägyptischen Gesellschaft
N.A.B.U.Nouvelles Assyriologiques Bréves et Utilitaires
NALKT. Kwasman, Neo-Assyrian Legal Documents in the Kouyunjik Collection of the British Museum (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 14, Rome 1988)
NDfield numbers of tablets excavated at Nimrud
Ni.tablets excavated at Nippur, in the collections of the Archaeological Museum of Istanbul
OBOOrbis Biblicus et Orientalis
OIPOriental Institute Publications
OLZOrientalistische Literaturzeitung
Oppenheim LFMA. L. Oppenheim, Letters from Mesopotamia: Officials, Business, and Private Letters on Clay Tablets from Two Millennia (Chicago 1967)
OrOrientalia, Nova Series
PBSPublications of the Babylonian Section (University Museum, University of Pennsylvania)
Pfeiffer State LettersR. H. Pfeiffer, State Letters of Assyria: A Transliteration and Translation of 355 Official Assyrian Letters Dating from the Sargonid Period (722-625 B.C.) (American Oriental Series 6, New Haven 1935)
PhAssphotographs taken during the German excavations in Assur
PKTAE. Ebeling, Parfümrezepte und kultische Texte aus Assur (Rome 1952)
PNAThe Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire
Pongratz-Leisten Ina šulmi īrubB. Pongratz-Leisten, Ina šulmi īrub: Die kulttopographische und ideologische Programmatik der akītu-Prozession in Babylon und Assyrien im 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr. (Baghdader Forschungen 16, Mainz 1994)
PSBAProceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology
RH. C. Rawlinson, The Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia (London 1861-84)
RARevue d'assyriologie
RlAReallexikon der Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
RMAR. C. Thompson, The Reports of the Magicians and Astrologers of Nineveh and Babylon I-II (London 1900)
RTRecueil de travaux relatifs à la philologie et à l'archéologie égyptiennes et assyriennes
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
SAASState Archives of Assyria Studies
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
STC 2L. W. King, The Seven Tablets of Creation II (London 1902)
StOrStudia Orientalia
Streck AsbM. Streck, Assurbanipal I-III (Vorderasiatische Bibliothek 7, Leipzig 1916)
STT0. R. Gurney and P. Hulin, The Sultantepe Tablets I-II (London 1957-64)
Tadmor T-P IIIH. Tadmor, The Inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III, King of Assyria (Jerusalem 1994)
TCAEJ. N. Postgate, Taxation and Conscription in the Assyrian Empire (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 3, Rome 1974)
TCLTextes cunéiformes du Louvre
Thtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Thureau-Dangin RAcc.F. Thureau-Dangin, Rituels accadiens (Paris 1921)
TIMTexts in the Iraq Museum
TKSMTop Kapi Sarayi Müzesi
UETUr Excavations, Texts
Unger BabylonE. Unger, Babylon: Die heilige Stadt nach der Beschreibung der Babylonier (Leipzig 1931)
VAinscriptions in the collections of the Staatliche Museen, Berlin
VATtablets in the collections of the Staatliche Museen, Berlin
VASVorderasiatische Schriftdenkmäler der Staatlichen Museen zu Berlin
Watanabe BaM Beih. 3K. Watanabe, Die adê-Vereidigung anlässlich der Thronfolgeregelung Asarhaddons (Baghdader Mitteilungen Beiheft 3, Berlin 1987)
WdODie Welt des Orients
WVDOGWissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft
WZKMWiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes
YOSYale Oriental Series, Babylonian Texts
ZAZeitschrift für Assyriologie
Zadok West SemitesR. Zadok, On West Semites in Babylonia during the Chaldean and Achaemenid Periods. An Onomastic Study (Jerusalem 1977)
Win the critical apparatus (followed by page number) refers to collations in L. Waterman, Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire I-IV (Ann Arbor 1930- 1936)

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

Bab.Babylonian
NANeo-Assyrian
NBNeo-Babylonian
OANeo-Assyrian
DNdivine name
GNgeographical name
e.edge
obv.obverse
r., rev.reverse
rs.right side
s.(left) side
coll.collated, collation
mng.meaning
unpub.unpublished
!collation
!!emendation
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[...]minor break (one or two missing words)
[......]major break
...untranslatable word
.......untranslatable passage
see also
+joined to

Steven W. Cole

Steven W. Cole, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', Letters from Assyrian and Babylonian Priests to Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal, SAA 13. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 1998; online contents: SAAo/SAA13 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2020 [http://oracc.org/saa13abbreviationsandsymbols/]

 
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