Abbreviations and Symbols

Bibliographical Abbreviations

79-7-8 etc.tablets in the collections of the British Museum
ABLR. F. Harper, Assyrian and Babylonian Letters (London and Chicago 1892-1914)
ADDC. H. W. Johns, Assyrian Deeds and Documents (Cambridge 1898-1923)
AfOArchiv für Orientforschung
AHw.W. von Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch
Ann.The Annals of Sargon II from Khorsabad (Fuchs Sar. pp. 82-188 and 313-342)
AnOrAnalecta Orientalia
AOATAlter Orient und Altes Testament
ARINHF. M. Fales (ed.), Assyrian Royal Inscriptions: New Horizons in Literary, Ideological and Historical Analysis (Orientis Antiqui Collectio XVIII, Rome 1981)
BALR. Borger, Babylonisch-assyrische Lesestücke I-II (AnOr 54, 2nd ed. Rome 1994)
BIWAR. Borger, Beitrage zum lnschriftenwerk Assurbanipals. Die Prismenklassen A, B, C ... , mit einem Beitrag von Andreas Fuchs (Wiesbaden 1996)
BMtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Borger Esarh.R. Borger, Die Inschriften Esarhaddons, Königs von Assyrien (AfO Beiheft 9, Graz 1956)
Brinkman PreludeJ. A. Brinkman, Prelude to Empire (Occasional Publications of the Babylonian Fund 7, Philadelphia 1984)
Brinkman PKBJ. A. Brinkman, A Political History of Post-Kassite Babylonia 1158-722 B. C. (AnOr 43, Rome 1968)
CADThe Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago
CTCuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum
DTtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Festschrift HroudaP. Calmeyer, K. Hecker, L. Jakob-Rost and C. B. F. Walker (eds.), Festschrift für Barthel Hrouda zum 65. Geburtstag (Wiesbaden 1994)
Festschrift RölligB. Pongratz-Leisten, Hartmut Kühne and Paolo Xella (eds.), Ana šadî Labnāni lū allik. Festschrift für Wolfgang Röllig (Neukirchen-Vluyn 1997)
FNALDJ. N. Postgate, Fifty Neo-Assyrian Legal Documents (Warminster 1976)
Frahm SanheribE. Frahm, Einleitung in die Sanherib-Inschriften (AfO Beih. 26, Wien 1997)
Frame BabyloniaG. Frame, Babylonia 689-627 B.C. A Political History (Istanbul 1992)
Fuchs Sar.A. Fuchs, Die Inschriften Sargons II. aus Khorsabad (Gottingen 1994)
Grayson ChroniclesA.K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (Texts from Cuneiform Sources 5, Glückstadt 1975)
JCSJournal of Cuneiform Studies
Ktablets in the collections of the British Museum
Kitablets in the collections of the British Museum
LASS. Parpola, Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal I, II (Alter Orient und Altes Testament 5/1-2, Neukirchen-Vluyn I 970, 1983)
Levine StelaeL. D. Levine, Two Neo-Assyrian Stelae from Iran (Toronto 1972)
Luckenbill Senn.D. D. Luckenbill, The Annals of Sennacherib (Oriental Institute Publications 2, Chicago 1924)
Millard EponymsA. R. Millars, The Eponyms of the Assyrian Empire 910-612 BC (SAAS 2, Hellsinki 1994)
NABUNouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires
NDfield numbers of tablets excavated at Nimrud
NLH. W. F. Saggs, "The Nimrud Letters," Iraq 17 (1955), 21ff, etc.
Or.Orientalia, Nova Series
PNAK. Radner et al. (eds.), The Prosopography of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (Helsinki 1998)
PrunkThe Display-inscription ("Große Prunkinschrift") of Sargon II from Khorsabad (Fuchs Sar. pp. 189-248 and 343-355)
RARevue d'assyriologie
RCAEL. Waterman, Royal Correspondence of the Assyrian Empire, III-IV (Ann Arbor 1930-1936)
RGTCRépertoire Géographique des Textes Cunéformes
RIMARoyal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia. Assyrian Periods
RlAReallexikon der Assyriologie
Rmtablets in the collections of the British Museum
SAAState Archives of Assyria
SAABState Archives of Assyria Bulletin
SAASState Archives of Assyria Studies
SAAS 8A. Fuchs, Die Annalen des Jahres 711 v.Chr. (SAAS 8, Helsinki
Smtablets in the collections of the British Museum
Stela IIThe stela of Sargon II from Najafehabad, column II, in L. D. Levine, Two Neo-Assyrian Stelae from Iran (Toronto 1972), p. 34-45.
StOrStudia Orientalia
Streck AsbM. Strecki, Ashurbanipal I-III (Vorderasiatische Bibliothek 7, Leipzig 1916)
Tadmor Tigl.H. Tadmor, The Inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III, King of Assyria (Jerusalem 1994)
TCAEJ. N. Postgate, Taxation and Conscription in the Assyrian Empire (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 3, Rome 1974)
TCL 3F. Thureau-Dangin, Une relation de la huitième campagne de Sargon (Textes cunéiformes du Louvre 3, Paris 1912)
TCSTexts from Cuneiform Sources
Thtablets in the collections of the British Museum
VABVorderasiatische Bibliothek (Leipzig)
WODie Welt des Orients

W and Y in the critical apparatus (followed by page number) refer to collations in RCAE and S. Ylvisaker, Zur babylonischen und assyrischen Grammatik (Leipziger Semitische Studien 5/6, Leipzig 1912) respectively.

Other Abbreviations and Symbols

Aram.Aramaic, Aramean
Ass.Assyrian, Assur
Bab.Babylonian, Babylon
coll.collated, collation
f.female, feminine
MAMiddle Assyrian
r., rev.reverse
rs.right side
s.(left) side
WSem.West Semitic
?uncertain reading
: :. ::cuneiform division marks
*graphic variants (see LAS I p. XX)
0uninscribed space or nonexistent sign
xbroken or undeciphered sign
( )supplied word or sign
(( ))sign erroneously added by scribe
[[ ]]erasure
[ . . . ]minor break (one or two missing words)
[ . . . . . . ]major break
. . .untranslatable word
. . . . . .untranslatable passage
see also
+joined to
IIparalleled by or including parallels

Andreas Fuchs

Andreas Fuchs, 'Abbreviations and Symbols', The Correspondence of Sargon II, Part III: Letters from Babylonia and the Eastern Provinces, SAA 15. Original publication: Helsinki, Helsinki University Press, 2001; online contents: SAAo/SAA15 Project, a sub-project of MOCCI, 2021 []

Back to top ^^
SAAo/SAA15, 2014-. Since 2015, SAAo is based at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Historisches Seminar (LMU Munich, History Department) - Alexander von Humboldt Chair for Ancient History of the Near and Middle East. Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 [] license, 2007-20.
Oracc uses cookies only to collect Google Analytics data. Read more here []; see the stats here []; opt out here.